Found 433 article(s) for author 'Trade Policy'

Carbon Taxes vs. Cap and Trade: Theory and Practice

Carbon Taxes vs. Cap and Trade: Theory and Practice. Robert Stavins, November 2019, Paper, “There is widespread agreement among economists – and a diverse set of other policy analysts – that, at least in the long run, an economy-wide carbon-pricing system will be an essential element of any national policy that can achieve meaningful reductions of CO2 emissions costeffectively in the United States and many other countries. There is less agreement, however, among economists and others in the policy community regarding the choice of specific carbon-pricing policy instrument, with some supporting carbon taxes and others favoring cap-and-trade mechanisms. How do the two major approaches to carbon pricing compare on relevant dimensions, including but not limited to efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and distributional equity? This paper addresses this question by drawing on theories of policy instrument choice pertaining to the attributes – or merits – of the instruments. The paper also draws on relevant empirical evidence. It concludes with a look at the path ahead.Link

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The Case for Old-Fashioned Tariff Cuts

The Case for Old-Fashioned Tariff Cuts. Jeffrey Frankel, November 27, 2019, Opinion, “Had governments stood still on trade policy over the last three years, the world would be a lot better off than it is now. Today, policymakers could do worse than return to the post-World War II formula of negotiating the reciprocal elimination of tariffs.Link

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China’s economic weakness could drive ‘problematic’ nationalism

China’s economic weakness could drive ‘problematic’ nationalism. Lawrence Summers, November 8, 2019 , Video, “Weakness of the Chinese economy could generate “a certain truculence in its international relations” by driving nationalism in the country and “scapegoating of foreigners”, according to economist Larry Summers. The former World Bank chief economist and senior US Treasury Department official, also said de-escalation of trade tensions between the United States and China is not yet an indication for a substantial deal despite the progress.Summers, who has advised two past US presidents, spoke with the South China Morning Post on November 6, 2019, during Credit Suisse’s 10th China Investment Conference in Shenzhen.Link

 

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How to Get Past the US-China Trade War

How to Get Past the US-China Trade War. Dani Rodrik, November 7, 2019, Opinion, “China and the United States, like all other countries, should be able to maintain their own economic model. But international trade rules should prohibit national governments from adopting “beggar-thy-neighbor” policies that provide domestic benefits only by imposing costs on trade partners.Link

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US-China ‘phase one’ trade deal won’t lead to ‘economic nirvana’

US-China ‘phase one’ trade deal won’t lead to ‘economic nirvana’. Lawrence Summers, November 6, 2019, Video, “The so-called phase one trade deal that the U.S. and China are expected to sign won’t solve all the problems the global economy faces right now, former U.S. Treasury Secretary Larry Summers said Wednesday.
U.S. President Donald Trump said both countries were looking for a location to sign the partial deal — which according to Reuters, could take place this month. That development has fueled recent optimism in financial markets.Link

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On Trade Justice: A Philosophical Plea for a New Global Deal

On Trade Justice: A Philosophical Plea for a New Global Deal. Mathias Risse, October 2019, Book, “Trade has made the world. Still, trade remains an elusive and profoundly difficult area for philosophical thought. This novel account of trade justice makes ideas about exploitation central, giving pride of place to philosophical ideas about global justice but also contributing to moral disputes about practical questions. On Trade Justice is a philosophical plea for a new global deal, in continuation of, but also at appropriate distance to, post-war efforts to design a fair global-governance system in the spirit of the American New Deal of the 1930s. This book is written in the tradition of contemporary analytical philosophy but also puts its subject into a historical perspective to motivate its relevance. It covers the subject of trade justice from its theoretical foundations to a number of specific issues on which the authors’ account throws light. The state as an actor in the domain of global justice is central to the discussion but it also explores the obligations of business extensively, recognizing the importance of the modern corporation for trade. Topics such as wages injustice, collusion with authoritarian regimes, relocation decisions, and obligations arising from interaction with suppliers and sub-contractors all enter prominently. Another central actor in the domain of trade is the World Trade Organization. The WTO needs to see itself as an agent of justice. This book explores how this organization should be reformed in light of the proposals it makes. In particular, the WTO needs to endorse a human-rights and development-oriented mandate. Overall, this book hopes to make a theoretical contribution to the creation of an exploitation-free world.Link

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Trump’s Mercantilist Mess

Trump’s Mercantilist Mess. Robert Barro, September 5, 2019, Opinion, “When US President Donald Trump boasted that trade wars are “easy to win” in March 2018, it was convenient to dismiss the remark as a rhetorical flourish. Yet it is now clear that Trump meant it, because he genuinely believes the bizarre and anachronistic macroeconomic theories underlying his approach.Link

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