Found 2 article(s) for author 'trade patterns'

Stickiness on digital labour platforms and ethnic networks

Stickiness on digital labour platforms and ethnic networks. William Kerr, Christopher Stanton, August 27, 2018, Opinion, “Online labour platforms such as Upwork facilitate interactions between employers and employees for a wide range of tasks. This column provides some first evidence on flows and substitution across countries on these new digital platforms. In contrast to classic trade patterns in products, contract placements via Upwork are frequently cross-border and North-South in nature. The findings also suggest that employers leave the platform in response to wage bid increases rather than substituting away from their target search location. Diaspora networks, in particular the Indian diaspora, still matter for how contracts are placed at the global level.Link

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Banking, Trade, and the Making of a Dominant Currency

Banking, Trade, and the Making of a Dominant Currency. Gita Gopinath, Jeremy Stein, November 11, 2017, Paper, “We explore the interplay between trade invoicing patterns and the pricing of safe assets in different currencies. Our theory highlights the following points: 1) a currency’s role as a unit of account for invoicing decisions is complementary to its role as a safe store of value; 2) this complementarity can lead to the emergence of a single dominant currency in trade invoicing and global banking, even when multiple large candidate countries share similar economic fundamentals; 3) firms in emerging-market countries endogenously take on currency mismatches by borrowing in the dominant currency; 4) the expected return on dominantcurrency safe assets is lower than that on similarly safe assets denominated in other currencies, thereby bestowing an “exorbitant privilege” on the dominant currency. the theory thus provides a unified explanation for why a dominant currency is so heavily used in both trade invoicing and in global finance.Link

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