Found 35 article(s) for author 'Technology'

Digital Infrastructure

Digital Infrastructure. Shane Greenstein, November 15, 2019, Paper, “What determines variance in the supply of innovative digital infrastructure, and how does it shape economic outcomes? The first half of the essay covers the economic impact of deployment and adoption of access services, while the latter part of the essay covers complementary activities that enables internet access to deliver better performance. The latter discussion uses examples to illustrate broad observations and issues, especially where statistical research lags business practices. This essay emphasizes economic research about the United States and covers the global experience when possible. It stresses the large number of unanswered policy-relevant research questions.Link

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Slowing Tech Represents A ‘Real Reckoning’

Slowing Tech Represents A ‘Real Reckoning. Nancy Koehn, October 10, 2019, Audio, “Nancy Koehn, historian at the Harvard Business School, stopped by Boston Public Radio on Thursday to discuss the slowing growth of Silicon Valley tech companies, and the shifting interests toward profit and away from big spending.“This represents a real reckoning,” Koehn said of the dwindling growth for companies like Uber and Lyft. “The 32 tech companies that went public this year thus far … have only appreciated … on average, about 5%.”Link

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No Data in the Void: Values and Distributional Conflicts in Empirical Policy Research and Artificial Intelligence

No Data in the Void: Values and Distributional Conflicts in Empirical Policy Research and Artificial Intelligence. Maximilian Kasy, August 2019, Paper, “Decision making based on data – whether by policymakers drawing on empirical research, or by algorithms using machine learning – is becoming ever more widespread. Any time such decisions are made, we need to carefully think about the goals we want to achieve, and the policies we might possibly use to achieve them. Data cannot absolve us of this responsibility. They do not allow us to avoid value judgements, and do not relieve us from taking sides in distributional conflicts. This essay introduces a general framework to clarify this point, and then discusses a series of settings in which the choice of objectives (goals) has far-reaching and maybe unexpected implications.Link

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Why investors seem skeptical about the ride-hailing business

Why investors seem skeptical about the ride-hailing business. Mihir Desai, May 10, 2019, Audio, “Uber had its much-anticipated initial public offering Friday — despite losing $1.8 billion over the last 12 months, which makes it the all-time biggest money-losing IPO. The results were less than spectacular: Uber priced its shares toward the low end of estimates at $45 a share. They opened at $42 and closed at $41.55.Link

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The Plight of the Graying Tech Worker

The Plight of the Graying Tech Worker. William Kerr, April 2019, Paper, “High-skilled immigration is dramatically transforming the tech sector in the United States. 1 In 1975, immigrants accounted for one in 12 inventors in America. Today it’s one in 3.5. This surge is due to immigrant concentration in science and engineering fields, and factors that make the United States attractive, such as access to the latest technologies and high pay levels. The impact has been most evident in advanced technology sectors in areas such as Boston and Silicon Valley, but non-tech companies including JPMorgan.Link

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What’s Really Driving Disruption (It’s Not Technology)

What’s Really Driving Disruption (It’s Not Technology). Thales Teixeira, March 28, 2019, Audio, “The emergence of a new technology is often cited as what drives the disruption of an industry or business. But that’s not true in most cases, according to Harvard Business School professor Thales Teixeira. Instead, startups disrupt established companies by decoupling the customer value chain — picking one aspect of the business and doing it better than the incumbent.Link

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Sovereign Difference and Sovereign Deference on the Internet

Sovereign Difference and Sovereign Deference on the Internet. Jack Goldsmith, March 18, 2019, Paper, “This Response to Andrew Woods makes two points. First, building on one of Woods’s claims, and drawing on the work of Milton Mueller, it shows why the “fragmentation” charge frequently levied against sovereignty-based approaches to internet governance is misplaced. Second, it raises questions about the efficacy of Woods’s normative theory of judicial comity.Link

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A Tough Call: Understanding barriers to and impacts of women’s mobile phone adoption in India

A Tough Call: Understanding barriers to and impacts of women’s mobile phone adoption in India. Rohini Pande, October 2018, Paper, “Today in India, 67% percent of men own mobile phones, but only 33% percent of women do. South Asian countries in general are clear outliers among countries of similar levels of development, with India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh exhibiting some of the world’s highest gender gaps in access to technology. While the mobile gender gap matters in its own right, it is particularly problematic because it can exacerbate other important forms of inequality — in earnings, networking opportunities, and access to information.Link

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Identifiable Service Provider Effect: When Guilt Undermines Consumer Willingness To Buy Time

Identifiable Service Provider Effect: When Guilt Undermines Consumer Willingness To Buy Time. Ashley Whillans, 2018, Paper, “In 2011, Time Magazine rated the sharing economy as one of the top 10 ideas that would change the world. Today, the possibility of outsourcing just about anything from grocery shopping, to dog walking, to standing in line for the latest iPhone is only a few clicks away. Companies such as TaskRabbit and Hello Alfred enable customers to outsource nearly any household chore by connecting people who need tasks done with people who have time to do them. With the growing popularity of the sharing economy, it has never been easier for consumers to outsource their most dreaded tasks to others. Yet, despite the rise of the sharing economy, very little is known about when individuals decide to ‘buy time.’Link

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