Inequality and Growth in the ‘Chinese Dream’. Rafael Di Tella, Meg Rithmire, March 2014, Case. “Xi Jinping assumed his position as head of China’s fifth generation of leaders in 2012. Xi was head of both the People’s Republic of China and the Chinese Communist Party, which had ruled China since 1949. Xi inherited a country far more unequal than the one that Mao Zedong, Communist China’s first leader, had left behind in 1978. The growth of markets had made China much wealthier, but also generated many social problems, including inequality, corruption, and social protests. This case…” May require purchase or user account. Link verified August 21, 2014