Found 41 article(s) for author 'Richard Zeckhauser'

Owning, Using and Renting: Some Simple Economics of the “Sharing Economy”

Owning, Using and Renting: Some Simple Economics of the “Sharing Economy”. Richard Zeckhauser, January 15, 2019, Paper, “New Internet-based “sharing economy” markets enable consumer-owners to rent out their durable goods to non-owners. We model such markets, and explore their equilibrium both in the short-run, before ownership decisions can be revised, and in the long-run, in which they can. We find that “sharing economy” markets always expand consumption and increase surplus, but may increase or decrease ownership. Our analysis also considers the costs of bringing unused capacity to the market. To complement our theoretical work, we conduct a survey of consumers, finding broad support for our modeling assumptions. For example, ownership is determined by individuals’ forward looking assessments of planned usage weighed off against the price of the good. The survey also allows us to offer a partial decomposition of the bring-to-market costs, based on attributes that make a good more or less amenable to being shared.Link

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High-Priced Drugs in Medicare Part D: Diagnosis and Potential Prescription

High-Priced Drugs in Medicare Part D: Diagnosis and Potential Prescription. Richard Zeckhauser, January 2018, Paper, “Drug pricing in the U.S. is a persistently vexing policy problem. While there is agreement among many policy analysts that supra competitive prices are necessary to promote innovation; significant disagreements arise over how much pricing discretion prescription drug manufacturers should be permitted, and what portion of the sum of producer plus consumer surplus in the prescription drug market should be claimed by manufacturers relative to consumers and other payers. This paper focuses on an extremely costly component of the Medicare Part D program the region of coverage that kicks in once a consumer has spent $4,950 on drugs in a calendar year (roughly $8,100 in total drug spending).” Link

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Company Stock Price Reactions to the 2016 Election Shock: Trump, Taxes, and Trade

Company Stock Price Reactions to the 2016 Election Shock: Trump, Taxes, and Trade. Richard Zeckhauser, August 17, 2017, Paper, “Donald Trump’s surprise election shifted expectations: corporate taxes would be lower and trade policies more restrictive. Relative stock prices responded appropriately. High-tax firms and those with large deferred tax liabilities (DTLs) gained; those with significant deferred tax assets from net operating loss carryforwards (NOL DTAs) lost. Domestically focused companies fared better than internationally oriented firms. A price contribution analysis shows that easily assessed consequences (DTLs, NOL DTAs, tax rates) were priced faster than more complex issues (net DTLs, foreign exposure). In sum, the analysis demonstrates that expectations about tax rates greatly impact firm values.Link

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Collaborative is Superadditive in Political Economics

Collaborative is Superadditive in Political Economics. Richard Zeckhauser, 2017, Book Chapter, “This collection gathers some of the greatest minds in economics to discuss their experiences of collaborative research and publication. Nobel Prize winners and other eminent scholars from a representative sample of economics’ major sub-disciplines share how and why they came to work primarily in partnerships or on their own, whether naturally or by necessity. The contributions include discussions of personal experiences, statistical analyses, different levels of investment, and how the digital age has changed researcher interactions. As budget cuts and resource consolidation make working together vital in ever more fields of academia, this book offers valuable advice to help young and seasoned scholars alike identify the right co-author(s).Link

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Stock Splits to Profit Insider Trading: Lessons from an Emerging Market

Stock Splits to Profit Insider Trading: Lessons from an Emerging Market. Richard Zeckhauser, February 28, 2017, Paper, “Stock splits have long presented financial puzzles: Why are they undertaken? Why are they associated with abnormal returns? Abnormal returns, particularly those coming shortly before a split’s announcement date, should raise strong suspicions of insider trading, particularly in nations with weak regulatory structures. We examined the 718 split events in the emerging stock market of Vietnam from 2007 through 2011. We found evidence consistent with illegal insider trading, particularly in firms that were vulnerable to insider manipulation and, therefore, more likely to split their stocks. When vulnerable firms’ stocks did split, they provided significant excess short-term returns.Link

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Efficient Warnings, Not “Wolf or Puppy” Warnings

Efficient Warnings, Not “Wolf or Puppy” Warnings. Richard Zeckhauser, September 2016, Paper, “Governments often require that products carry warnings to inform people about risks. The warnings approach, as opposed to the command and control approach to risk regulation, functions as a decentralized regulatory mechanism that empowers individuals to make decisions that take into account their own circumstances and preferences. Thus, individuals will be aware of the risks and the value of taking precautions, and they may avoid a product that others consume if they find the risk unacceptable. Ideally, warnings would allow individuals to assess both their personal level of risk and the benefits they will receive from another unit of consumption. Then those receiving positive expected benefits will consume more; those receiving negative net benefits will curtail their consumption.Link

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Attention to Distribution in U.S. Regulatory Analyses

Attention to Distribution in U.S. Regulatory Analyses. Lisa Robinson, James Hammitt, Richard Zeckhauser, Summer 2016, Paper, “Scholars, decision makers, interest groups, and other concerned citizens are often interested in the distribution of regulatory impacts. To what extent does a regulation benefit or harm those who have high or low incomes, are in good or poor health, are more or less vulnerable to disease, or are very young or very old? Does the regulation disproportionately affect members of minority or other disadvantaged groups? Determining whether and how to address these questions raises thorny normative issues about how to weigh the impacts on different groups as well as the choice of policy instruments. Yet to address these normative concerns, we first need data on impacts—data that are rarely readily available.Link

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Owning, Using and Renting: Some Simple Economics of the “Sharing Economy”

Owning, Using and Renting: Some Simple Economics of the “Sharing Economy”. Richard Zeckhauser, February 2016, Paper. “New Internet-based markets enable consumer/owners to rent out their durable goods when not using them. Such markets are modeled to determine ownership, rental rates, quantities, and surplus generated. Both the short run, before consumers can revise their ownership decisions, and the long run, in which they can, are examined to assess how these markets change ownership and consumption. The analysis examines bringing-to-market costs, such as labor costs and transaction costs, and considers the operating platform’s pricing problem. A survey of consumers broadly supports the modeling assumptions employed. For example, ownership is determined by individuals’ forward-looking assessments of planned usage.Link

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Peer-to-Peer Rental Markets: Some Thoughts on the “Sharing Economy”

Peer-to-Peer Rental Markets: Some Thoughts on the “Sharing Economy.” Richard Zeckhauser, January 21, 2016, Paper. “Recent technological advances and entrepreneurial efforts have created a number of new peer-to-peer rental markets in which owners can rent out their durable goods. We consider the emergence of such a market and determine the market clearing rental rate, the patterns of trade and the surplus unlocked for different types of consumers. Our analysis considers both a short-run, before consumers can revise their ownership decisions and a long-run, in which they can. A survey of consumers finds broad support for the modeling conventions used—namely that ownership is determined by a forward-looking evaluation of planned usage. We also explore the factors that are permitting these new markets to flourish …Link

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