Found 4 article(s) for author 'Michèle Lamont'

Membership without Social Citizenship? Deservingness & Redistribution as Grounds for Equality

Membership without Social Citizenship? Deservingness & Redistribution as Grounds for Equality. Michèle Lamont, Summer 2019, Paper, “Western societies have experienced a broadening of inclusive membership, whether we consider legal, interpersonal, or cultural membership. Concurrently, we have witnessed increased tensions around social citizenship, notably harsher judgments or boundaries over who “deserves” public assistance. Some have argued these phenomena are linked, with expanded, more diverse membership corroding solidarity and redistribution. We maintain that such a conclusion is premature and, especially, unsatisfactory: it fails to detail the processes–at multiple levels of analysis–behind tensions over membership and social citizenship. This essay draws on normative political theory, social psychology, cultural sociology, and political studies to build a layered explanatory framework that highlights the importance of individual feelings of group identity and threat for people’s beliefs and actions; the significance of broader cultural repertoires and notions of national solidarity as a source and product of framing contests; and the diverse ways elites, power, and institutions affect notions of membership and deservingness.Link

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Inequality Generation and Persistence as Multidimensional Processes

Inequality Generation and Persistence as Multidimensional Processes. Michele Lamont, February 2019, Paper, “Rising inequality is widely seen as among our most pressing social concerns, and a focal point for social science research.2 Much of the concern, amplified by the argument in Thomas Piketty’s Capital in the Twenty-First Century,3 centers on the prospect that inequality may take extremely durable forms. It is not just that some are advantaged or disadvantaged, but that structures of advantage and disadvantage may become more self-reinforcing and cumulative.4 It is the persistence and deepening of inequality that raises many of the most troubling issues.Link

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Addressing Recognition Gaps: Destigmatization and the Reduction of Inequality

Addressing Recognition Gaps: Destigmatization and the Reduction of Inequality. Michèle Lamont, June 2018, Paper, “This Presidential Address offers elements for a systematic and cumulative study of destigmatization, or the process by which low-status groups gain recognition and worth. Contemporary sociologists tend to focus on inequality in the distribution of resources, such as occupation, education, and wealth. Complementing this research, this address draws attention to “recognition gaps,” defined as disparities in worth and cultural membership between groups in a society. Drawing on research I have conducted, I first describe how neoliberalism promotes growing recognition gaps. Then, drawing on research on stigmatized groups across several societies,Link

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Beyond the Culture of Poverty

Beyond the Culture of Poverty. Michèle Lamont, December 31, 2015, Paper. “Understanding social life requires attending to the cultural dimension of reality. Yet, when it comes to the study of low-income populations, factoring in culture has often been a contentious project. This is because explaining poverty through culture has been equated with blaming the poor for their predicaments. Scholars have moved the debate forward by making a case for integrating culture in explanations of poverty. This requires drawing on analytical devices such as frames, narratives, institutions, repertoires, and boundaries that capture intersubjective definitions of reality …Link

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