Spanning the Institutional Abyss: The Intergovernmental Network and the Governance of Foreign Direct Investment. Juan Alcacer, January 2013, Paper. “Global economic transactions such as foreign direct investment must extend over an institutional abyss between the jurisdiction, and therefore protection, of the states involved. Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), whose members are states, represent an important attempt to span this abyss. IGOs are mandated variously to smooth economic transactions, facilitate global cooperation, and…” May require purchase or user account. Link Verified October 12, 2014