Found 40 article(s) for author 'Mark Roe'

Why America’s CEOs Are Talking About Stakeholder Capitalism

Why America’s CEOs Are Talking About Stakeholder Capitalism. Mark Roe, November 4, 2019, Opinion, “When the US Business Roundtable recently renounced shareholder primacy, the shift – by an organization representing companies with combined annual revenue of more than $7 trillion – prompted a wide range of reactions, from welcoming to dismissive. But the move is primarily an attempt to keep activist shareholders and populist politicians at bay.Link

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The Law, Corporate Governance, and Economic Justice

The Law, Corporate Governance, and Economic Justice. Mark Roe, September 26, 2019, Paper, “The Chief Justice of the Delaware Supreme Court begins by invoking the New Deal, and expressing admiration for the way its goals and some of its social programs have been put into practice by Northern European social democracies. Most important are their protections for workers and the unemployed—protections the Judge finds deplorably absent in U.S. law and corporate labor practices. Nevertheless, when contemplating how corporate boards in the U.S. might respond to the growing demand for U.S. public companies to address social problems like the environment and economic inequality, the Delaware judge falls back on the prescription of Adolph Berle, who, though one of the framers of the New Deal, insisted that companies “stick to their knitting” by putting shareholders first as the only way of ensuring the accountability of corporate managements and boards.Link

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Stock Market Short-Termism’s Impact

Stock Market Short-Termism’s Impact. Mark Roe, December 2018, Paper, “Stock-market–driven short-termism is crippling the American economy, according to legal, judicial, and media analyses. Firms forgo the R&D they need, cut capital spending, and buy back their own stock so feverishly that they starve themselves of cash. The stock market is the primary cause: directors and executives cannot manage for the long term when their shareholders furiously trade their company’s stock, they cannot make long-term investments when stockholders demand to see profits on this quarter’s financial statements, they cannot even strategize about the long term when shareholder activists demand immediate results, and they cannot keep the cash to invest in their future when stock market pressure drains away that cash in stock buybacks. This doomsday version of the stock-market–driven short-termism argument entails economy-wide predictions that have not been well-examined for their severity and accuracy.Link

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Six Months Isn’t ‘Long Term’

Six Months Isn’t ‘Long Term’. Robert Pozen, Mark Roe, August 20, 2018, Opinion, “President Trump tweeted on Friday that he had directed the Securities and Exchange Commission to study a suggestion from a business leader, later revealed as outgoing Pepsi CEO Indra Nooyi: “Stop quarterly reporting & go to a six month system.” The popular…Link

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Containing Systemic Risk by Taxing Banks Properly

Containing Systemic Risk by Taxing Banks Properly. Mark Roe, November 20, 2017, Paper, “At the root of recurring bank crises are deeply-implanted incentives for banks and their executives to take systemically excessive risk. Since the 2008–2009 financial crisis, regulators have sought to strengthen the financial system by requiring more capital (which can absorb losses from risk-taking) and less risk-taking, principally via command-and-control rules. Yet bankers’ baseline incentives for system-degrading risk-taking remain intact.Link

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Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks

Don’t Bank on Bankruptcy for Banks. Mark Roe, October 18, 2017, Opinion, “As a part of their efforts to roll back the 2010 Dodd-Frank Act, congressional Republicans have approved a measure that would have courts, rather than regulators, oversee megabank bankruptcies. It is now up to the Trump administration to decide if it wants to set the stage for a repeat of the Lehman Brothers collapse in 2008.Link

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Those Short-Sighted Attacks on Quarterly Earnings

Those Short-Sighted Attacks on Quarterly Earnings. Robert Pozen, Mark Roe, October 7, 2016, Opinion, “The clamor against so-called corporate short-term thinking has been steadily rising, with a recent focus on eliminating the quarterly earnings report that public firms issue. Quarterly reports are said to push management to forgo attractive long-term projects to meet the expectations of investors and traders who want smooth, rising earnings from quarter to quarter.Link

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Giving Bondholders a Voice in Debt Restructuring

Giving Bondholders a Voice in Debt Restructuring. Mark Roe, December 14, 2015, Opinion. “Congress is poised to retroactively validate hardball restructuring tactics in the bond market that courts have struck down in major reorganization cases like that of Caesars Entertainment.  The underlying problem is that since the 1930s, the securities laws have barred basic free contracting among bondholders, via the Trust Indenture Act of 1939. Although the ban is exceedingly poor — one can think of few groups less in need of contractual guidance in the United States than institutional bondholders — the lurking amendment would worsen the plight…Link

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Those Short-Sighted Attacks on Quarterly Earnings

Those Short-Sighted Attacks on Quarterly Earnings. Robert Pozen, Mark Roe, , October 7, 2015, Opinion. “The clamor against so-called corporate short-term thinking has been steadily rising, with a recent focus on eliminating the quarterly earnings report that public firms issue. Quarterly reports are said to push management to forgo attractive long-term projects to meet the expectations of investors and traders who want smooth, rising earnings from quarter to quarter.Link

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Share buybacks are not the problem

Share buybacks are not the problem. Mark Roe, September 6, 2015, Opinion. “Stock buybacks are big and controversial. Hillary Clinton, the frontrunner for the US Democratic presidential nomination, says they undercut the American economy at the expense of needed investment. Larry Fink, head of BlackRock, wrote that buybacks ‘deliver immediate returns to shareholders’ while their companies are ‘underinvesting in innovation, skilled workforces or essential capital expenditures.’ High-end publications pronounce stock buybacks to be killing the American economy and, as buybacks spread in Europe and Asia, they have become more controversial…Link

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