Found 298 article(s) for author 'Lawrence Summers'

If Business Roundtable CEOs are serious about reform, here’s what they should do

If Business Roundtable CEOs are serious about reform, here’s what they should do. Lawrence Summers, September 2, 2019, Opinion, “The Business Roundtable recently announced a major policy change declaring that the purpose of a corporation is not just to serve shareholders (its official position since 1997) but “to create value for all our stakeholders.” At a time of considerable disillusionment with U.S. capitalism, this is a significant statement that could signal meaningful change in the operation of the American economy. Certainly the recognition by leading chief executives that they need to look beyond the narrow metric of their stock price is to be welcomed.Link

Tags: , , , , ,

On Secular Stagnation in the Industrialized World

On Secular Stagnation in the Industrialized World. Lawrence Summers, August 2019, Paper, “We argue that the economy of the industrialized world taken as a whole is currently – and for the foreseeable future will remain – highly prone to secular stagnation. But for extraordinary fiscal policies, real interest rates would have fallen much more and be far below their current slightly negative level, current and prospective inflation would be further short of the two percent target levels and past and future economic recoveries would be even more sluggish. We start by arguing that, contrary to current practice, neutral real interest rates are best estimated for the bloc of all industrial economies given capital mobility between them and relatively limited fluctuations in their aggregated current account. We show, using standard econometric procedures and looking at direct market indicators of prospective real rates, that neutral real interest rates have declined by at least 300 basis points over the last generation. We argue that these secular movements are in larger part a reflection of changes in saving and investment propensities rather than the safety and liquidity properties of Treasury instruments. We highlight the observation that levels of government debt, the extent of pay-as-you-go old age pensions and the insurance value of government healthcare programs have all ceteris paribus operated to raise neutral real rates. Using estimates drawn from the literature, as well as two general equilibrium models emphasizing respectively life-cycle heterogeneity and individual uncertainty, we suggest that the “private sector neutral real rate” may have declined by as much as 700 basis points since the 1970s.Link

Tags: , , ,

Whither Central Banking?

Whither Central Banking? Lawrence Summers, August 23, 2019, Opinion, “In an environment of secular stagnation in the developed economies, central bankers’ ingenuity in loosening monetary policy is exactly what is not needed. What is needed are admissions of impotence, in order to spur efforts by governments to promote demand through fiscal policies and other means.Link

Tags: , , , ,

Larry Summers Says Central Bankers Confront a ‘Black Hole’ for Policy

Larry Summers Says Central Bankers Confront a ‘Black Hole’ for Policy. Lawrence Summers, August 22, 2019, Video, “Harvard University economist Lawrence Summers warned central bankers that they are staring at “black hole monetary economics” where small changes in interest rates and even more aggressive strategies do little to solve demand shortfalls.Link

Tags: , , , , ,

Christine Lagarde enters the European Central Bank at a perilous moment

Christine Lagarde enters the European Central Bank at a perilous moment. Lawrence Summers, July 9, 2019, Opinion, “The announcement last week that Christine Lagarde would be leaving her post as managing director of the International Monetary Fund to become president of the European Central Bank marks what may be the most important change in the leadership of the international financial system in decades. At a time when the United States is abdicating its systemic responsibilities and focusing only on narrow commercial interests, the role Lagarde is leaving and the one she is entering are of preeminent importance.Link

 

Tags: , , ,

Be very skeptical about how much revenue Elizabeth Warren’s wealth tax could generate

Be very skeptical about how much revenue Elizabeth Warren’s wealth tax could generate. Lawrence Summers, June 28, 2019, Opinion, “Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., has made her proposed 2 percent wealth tax on those worth more than $50 million a central part of her presidential campaign. Emmanuel Saez and Gabriel Zucman, two economists at the University of California at Berkeley, who helped developed the proposal, estimated it it would rake in $187 billion a year. In April, we published a piece in the Washington Post suggesting that this estimate was likely overly optimistic. This week, Saez and Zucman published a rejoinder.” Link

Tags: , , , , ,

It’s tempting for the Fed to move slowly. That would be a grave error.

It’s tempting for the Fed to move slowly. That would be a grave error. Lawrence Summers, June 4, 2019, Opinion, “The Federal Reserve will over the next several months make monetary policy decisions that are as consequential as any it has made since the financial crisis and Great Recession of 2007-2008. The temptation in a highly uncertain and politicized environment will be to move cautiously. Yet this would be a grave error in the current context, where a recession could be catastrophic and the odds of one beginning in the next year, while still less than 50-50, now appear significant and increasing.Link

Tags: , , ,

What Marco Rubio gets right — and wrong — about the decline of American investment

What Marco Rubio gets right — and wrong — about the decline of American investment. Lawrence Summers, May 31, 2019, Opinion, “Sen. Marco Rubio (R-Fla.) recently released a thoughtful report highlighting a substantial issue in the American economy: the steady decline of American private investment. The trend, Rubio contends, is the result of shareholder capitalism and corporate short-termism. In other words, business decision making has shifted toward “delivering returns quickly and predictably to investors, rather than building long-term capabilities through investment and production,” as he writes in his analysis.Link

Tags: , ,

There’s a revealing puzzle in the China tariffs

There’s a revealing puzzle in the China tariffs. Lawrence Summers, May 14, 2019, Opinion, “On Monday, China announced new tariffs on $60 billion of U.S. exports, and the United States threatened new tariffs on up to $300 billion of Chinese goods. These actions were cited as the principal reason for a decline of more than 600 points in the Dow Jones industrial average, or about 2.4 percent in broader measures of the stock market. With the total value of U.S. stocks around $30 trillion, this decline represents more than $700 billion in lost wealth. This was not an isolated event. Again and again in the past year, markets have gyrated in response to the state of trade negotiations between the United States and China.Link

Tags: , , , ,

Can Free Markets Revive Brazil?

Can Free Markets Revive Brazil? Lawrence Summers, April 25, 2019, Audio, “Will a dose of free-market policies — from a populist politician, no less — finally bring Latin America’s biggest economy back to life? On this week’s episode of Stephanomics, Bruce Douglas visits the region’s busiest port to get a taste of what’s ailing Brazil — and the possible cure.  Host Stephanie Flanders also brings you the second part of her interview with Harvard University economist Larry Summers — the former U.S. Treasury secretary and Obama adviser — with his comments on Brazil’s economy and the new thinking on progressive U.S. fiscal policy. Finally, Stephanie talks with editor Catarina Saraiva about Bloomberg’s dreaded Misery Index.Link

 

 

Tags: , , ,