Found 36 article(s) for author 'Lawrence Katz'

Dynamics of the Gender Gap for Young Professionals in the Corporate and Financial Sectors

Dynamics of the Gender Gap for Young Professionals in the Corporate and Financial Sectors. Claudia Goldin, Lawrence Katz, January 2009, Paper. “This paper assesses the relative importance of various explanations for the gender gap in career outcomes for highly-educated workers in the U.S. corporate and financial sectors. The careers of MBAs, who graduated between 1990 and 2006 from a top U.S. business school, are studied to understand how career dynamics differ by gender. Although male and female MBAs have nearly identical (labor) incomes at the outset of their careers, their earnings soon diverge, with the male annual earnings…” Link

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What Can We Learn about Neighborhood Effects from the Moving to Opportunity Experiment?

What Can We Learn about Neighborhood Effects from the Moving to Opportunity Experiment? Lawrence Katz, Jeffrey Liebman, Ronald Kessler, July 2008, Paper. “Experimental estimates from Moving to Opportunity (MTO) show no significant impacts of moves to lower-poverty neighborhoods on adult economic self-sufficiency four to seven years after random assignment. The authors disagree with Clampet-Lundquist and Massey’s claim that MTO was a weak intervention and therefore uninformative about neighborhood effects. MTO produced large changes in neighborhood environments that improved adult…” Link

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Transitions: Career and Family Life Cycles of the Educational Elite

Transitions: Career and Family Life Cycles of the Educational Elite. Lawrence Katz, Claudia Goldin, 2008, Paper. “Among life’s most vital transitions are those concerning family and career. We decide when and whom to marry, how many children to have, whether to further our education, and which occupations and jobs to pursue. Fundamental aspects of these transitions began to change around the early 1970s for the college educated generally, and for women in particular. The median age at first marriage among college graduate women, which had been stable at about 22.5 years old from the 1950s to the early 1970s (for birth cohorts from…” Link

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Long-Run Changes in the U.S. Wage Structure: Narrowing, Widening, Polarizing

Long-Run Changes in the U.S. Wage Structure: Narrowing, Widening, Polarizing. Lawrence Katz, Claudia Goldin, November 2007, Paper. “The U.S. wage structure evolved across the last century: narrowing from 1910 to 1950, fairly stable in the 1950s and 1960s, widening rapidly during the 1980s, and “polarizing” since the late 1980s. We document the spectacular rise of U.S. wage inequality after 1980 and place recent changes into a century-long historical perspective to understand the sources of change. The majority of the increase in wage inequality since 1980 can be accounted for by rising educational wage differentials, just as a…” Link

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The Evolution of the Mexican-Born Workforce in the United States

The Evolution of the Mexican-Born Workforce in the United States. George Borjas, Lawrence Katz, May 2007, Book Chapter. “The population of Mexican-born persons residing in the United States has increased at an unprecedented rate in recent decades. This increase can be attributed to both legal and illegal immigration. During the entire decade of the 1950s, only about three hundred thousand legal Mexican immigrants entered the United States, making up 12 percent of the immigrant flow. In the 1990s, 2.2 million Mexicans entered the United States legally, making up almost 25 percent of the legal flow. In addition, it is estimated that (as of January…” Link

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The Race between Education and Technology: The Evolution of U.S. Educational Wage Differentials, 1890 to 2005

The Race between Education and Technology: The Evolution of U.S. Educational Wage Differentials, 1890-2005. Lawrence Katz, Claudia Goldin, March 2007, Paper. “U.S. educational and occupational wage differentials were exceptionally high at the dawn of the twentieth century and then decreased in several stages over the next eight decades. But starting in the early 1980s the labor market premium to skill rose sharply and by 2005 the college wage premium was back at its 1915 level. The twentieth century contains two inequality tales: one declining and one rising. We use a supply-demand-institutions framework to understand the factors that…” Link

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