Found 24 article(s) for author 'Investment'

Financing the Response to Climate Change: The Pricing and Ownership of U.S. Green Bonds

Financing the Response to Climate Change: The Pricing and Ownership of U.S. Green Bonds. Malcolm Baker, George Serafeim, April 27, 2018, Paper, “Estimates suggest that mitigating and adapting to climate change will cost trillions of dollars. We study the developing market for green bonds, which are bonds whose proceeds are used for environmentally sensitive purposes. After an overview of the U.S. corporate and municipal green bonds market, we study pricing and ownership patterns of municipal green bonds using a framework that incorporates assets with nonpecuniary
sources of utility. The results support the prediction that green bonds are issued at a premium to otherwise similar ordinary bonds—that is, with lower yields—on an after-tax basis.Link

Tags: , , , , , ,

Can Index Funds Be a Force for Sustainable Capitalism?

Can Index Funds Be a Force for Sustainable Capitalism? George Serafeim, December 7, 2017, Opinion, “The investment industry is changing. Among other things, there is growing demand from both retail and institutional investors to align their capital with better environmental and social outcomes, and more resources going into index fund or quasi-indexing products. These two trends may seem separate—or, some people believe, incompatible—but together I believe they have the power to improve finance’s role in the world. Index funds can be a force for sustainable capitalism.Link

Tags: , , , , , , ,

Contextual Knowledge and Ethnic Migrant Inventors

Contextual Knowledge and Ethnic Migrant Inventors. Prithwiraj Choudhury, 2017, Paper, “We study the role of ethnic Chinese/Indian migrant inventors in transferring contextual knowledge across borders and the role of ethnic networks in further disseminating such knowledge. Using a unique dataset of herbal patents filed in the United States by western firms and universities, we test whether contextual knowledge is codified in the west by ethnic migrant inventors and spread by their ethnic networks. Our identification comes from an exogenous shock to the quota of H1B visas, and a list of institutions that were exempted from the shock. We generate a control group of non-herbal patents that have similar medicinal purposes as our herbal patents through textual matching. Using this framework, we estimate a triple differences equation, and find that herbal patents are likely to be filed by Chinese/Indian migrant inventors and are likely to be initially cited by other Chinese/Indian inventors.Link

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Can analysts assess fundamental risk and valuation uncertainty? An empirical analysis of scenario-based value estimates

Can analysts assess fundamental risk and valuation uncertainty? An empirical analysis of scenario-based value estimates. Suraj Srinivasan, September 2016, Paper, “We use a data set of sell-side analysts’ scenario-based equity valuation estimates to examine whether analysts can assess the state-contingent risk surrounding a firm’s fundamental value. We find that the spread in analysts’ scenario-based valuations captures the riskiness of operations and predicts the absolute magnitude of long-run valuation errors and future changes in firm fundamentals. We also show that analysts’ assessment of fundamental risk and its predictive ability systematically improved after the financial crisis, consistent with the macroeconomic shock raising analysts’ awareness of firms’ systematic risk exposures.Link

Tags: , , , , , ,

ESG for All? The Impact of ESG Screening on Return, Risk, and Diversification

ESG for All? The Impact of ESG Screening on Return, Risk, and Diversification. Robert Eccles, July 11, 2016, Paper. “A large body of research has documented a positive relationship between different measures of sustainability—such as indicators of employee satisfaction and effective corporate governance—and corporate financial performance. Nevertheless, many investors still struggle to quantify the value of ESG to investment performance.  To address this issue, the authors tested the effects of using different ESG filters on an investable universe that serves as the starting point for a fund manager. In this way, they attempted to determine the extent to which ESG data can add value to any investment approach, regardless of preferences towards sustainable investing.Link

Tags: , , , ,

Private Equity in Emerging Markets: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow

Private Equity in Emerging Markets: Yesterday, Today, and Tomorrow. Josh Lerner, May 2016, Paper, “General partners of private equity entered emerging markets in the 1990s seeking diversification and returns, and their investment has increased substantially since then. Manager selection remains important because there is a wide range of returns across funds of the same vintage, and minority LP (limited partner) investments are found to perform the same as or better than majority investments.Link

Tags: , , ,

Pay Now or Pay Later? The Economics within the Private Equity Partnership

Pay Now or Pay Later? The Economics within the Private Equity Partnership. Victoria Ivashina, Josh Lerner, March 26, 2016, Paper. “The article focuses on the importance of equity partnerships that are essential to the professional service and investment sectors. It examines private equity partnerships and shows that the allocation of fund economics to individual partners is divorced. It mentions that departures of senior partners have negative effects on the ability of funds to raise additional capital.Link

Tags: , , , , , , ,

Does reserve accumulation crowd out investment?

Does reserve accumulation crowd out investment? Carmen Reinhart, January 2016, Paper, “It is understood that investment serves as a shock absorber in times of crisis. The duration of the drag on investment, however, perplexing. For the Asian economies we study, average investment/GDP is about 6 percentage points lower during 1998–2014 than its average level in the decade before the Asian crisis; the decline is greater if China is excluded. We document how in the wake of crisis home bias in finance increases markedly as public and private sectors look inward when external financing becomes prohibitively costly or undesirable from a financial stability perspective. Reserve accumulation involves an official institution (i.e., the central bank) funneling domestic saving abroad and thus competing with domestic borrowers in the market for loanable funds.Link

Tags: , , , ,

Making Private Data Accessible in an Opaque Industry: The Experience of the Private Capital Research Institute

Making Private Data Accessible in an Opaque Industry: The Experience of the Private Capital Research Institute. Josh Lerner, December 2015, Paper. “The level of interest in alternative investments, and private capital in particular (by which we mean both venture capital and private equity), has been intense over the past decade. This interest has stemmed from both investors’ needs for attractive returns and the policy questions around this rapidly growing asset class. Returns from the United States publicly traded equities, the mainstays of investment portfolios for individuals and institutions, have been weak for much of this period, while low (and rising) interest rates suggest limited future returns for bonds. Many other classes of alternative investments, such as hedge funds, have struggled in recent years to match market benchmarks. Concurrently, many public pension funds are facing severe shortfalls, and other institutional investors—from university endowments to sovereign wealth funds—are seeking additional funds to fulfill ambitious agendas …” Link

Tags: , , , ,