Found 8 article(s) for author 'international development'

International Society as a Historical Subject

International Society as a Historical Subject. Erez Manela, 2020, Paper, “For quite some time now, historians have been venturing well beyond the spatial and methodological enclosures of nation-states that had long defined the modern discipline, writing more history that is variously described as international, transnational, transregional, global, or world history.1 In a certain sense, the recent turn to histories that go beyond a single nation or region is actually a return. After all, the concern with history that transcends national enclosures goes back to the origins of the modern discipline, and Leopold von Ranke himself had written about the need to write a weltgeschichte that would go beyond national boundaries.2 Still, the historical profession, to an unusual extent among the disciplines that study human societies, has long been divided into geographically defined subfields structured around national or regional enclosures. There are compelling methodological reasons for this, not least the emphasis that historians place on the acquisition of language skills and other forms of knowledge specific to a single society or region.Link

Tags: , , , , , ,

State Capabilities for Problem-Oriented Governance

State Capabilities for Problem-Oriented Governance. Quinton Mayne, Jorrit de Jong, 2019, Paper, “Governments around the world are increasingly recognizing the power of problem-oriented governance as a way to address complex public problems. As an approach to policy design and implementation, problem-oriented governance radically emphasizes the need for organizations to continuously learn and adapt. Scholars of public management, public administration, policy studies, international development, and political science have made important contributions to this problem-orientation turn; however, little systematic attention has been paid to the question of the state capabilities that underpin problem-oriented governance. In this article, we address this gap in the literature. We argue that three core capabilities are structurally conducive to problemoriented governance: a reflective-improvement capability, a collaborative capability, and a dataanalytic capability. The article presents a conceptual framework for understanding each of these capabilities, including their chief constituent elements. It ends with a discussion of how the framework can advance empirical research as well as public-sector reform.Link

Tags: , , , , , ,

Creative Destruction or Idiot Winds: Schumpeterian Theory Meets the Educational Sector in Developing Countries

Creative Destruction or Idiot Winds: Schumpeterian Theory Meets the Educational Sector in Developing Countries. Mark Moore, 2019, Paper, “This is one of a series of working papers from “RISE”—the large-scale education systems research programme supported by the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), Australia’s Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.Link

Tags: , , , , ,

Conducting Benefit-Cost Analysis in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Introduction to the Special Issue

Conducting Benefit-Cost Analysis in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Introduction to the Special Issue. Lisa Robinson, James Hammitt, 2019, Paper, “Investing in global health and development requires making difficult choices about what policies to pursue and what level of resources to devote to different initiatives. Methods of economic evaluation are well established and widely used to quantify and compare the impacts of alternative investments. However, if not well conducted and clearly reported, these evaluations can lead to erroneous conclusions. Differences in analytic methods and assumptions can obscure important differences in impacts. To increase the comparability of these evaluations, improve their quality, and expand their use, this special issue includes a series of papers developed to support reference case guidance for benefit-cost analysis.Link

Tags: , , , , , , ,

Development Ethics as Reflected in the Right to Development

Development Ethics as Reflected in the Right to Development. Stephen Marks, 2018, Book Chapter, “One of the most salient contradictions of human rights in international development is the fact that there exists a human rights instrument that directly addresses all agreedupon ethical principles of development, as defined in this handbook (See Chapter 1 above.) and yet implementation of that instrument is mired in “political theatre” and consequently is inoperable. Indeed, the Declaration on the Right to Development (DRTD), which was adopted by UN General Assembly (GA) on 4 December 1986 (UN 1986), addresses directly all seven values analyzed by this handbook and efforts to clarify the meaning of its ten articles through expert inputs provided to the United Nations have been even more explicit on these ethical principles.Link

Tags: , , , , , ,

Development in Someone Else’s Country

Development in Someone Else’s Country. Lant Pritchett, Ricardo Hausmann, February 28, 2017, Video, “In this discussion with Ricardo Hausmann, Lant Pritchett shares his belief that there’s too much concern with attribution in development efforts. Development is too broad and complicated to focus on establishing a chain of causality. Lant references research from 2009 where NGO efforts were named slightly more than crime as a mechanism that people said helped them escape poverty.Link

Tags: , , , , , ,

Why is Chiapas Poor?

Why is Chiapas Poor? Ricardo Hausmann, March 2016, Paper, “No matter which way you look at it, Chiapas is the most backward of any state in Mexico. Its per capita income is the lowest of the 32 federal entities, at barely 40% of the national median (Figure 1). Its growth rate for the decade 2003-2013 was also the lowest (0.2%), causing the income gap separating Chiapas from the national average to increase from 53% to 60%. That is to say that today the average income for a worker in Mexico is two and a half times greater than the average in Chiapas.Link

Tags: , , ,

Applications and Cases in International Development

Applications and Cases in International Development. Lant Pritchett, Michael Walton, Course Year 2014-2015, Syllabus. “The course has two objectives. First, to build an understanding of the nature and drivers of change in real development settings. Second, to illustrate the use of the range of concepts and techniques from other MPA/ID courses in the diagnosis of development change. The overall philosophy of the course is that practitioners need both strong analytical and empirical techniques and a capacity to interpret the political and institutional context...” Link

Tags: , , ,