Found 37 article(s) for author 'Interest Rates'

The Case for Implementing Effective Negative Interest Rate Policy

The Case for Implementing Effective Negative Interest Rate Policy. Kenneth Rogoff, April 24, 2019, Paper, “This paper explores the case for gradually instituting the changes necessary to implement unconstrained negative interest rate policy as a long-term solution to the zero bound on interest rates (or more precisely the near zero effective lower bound.) We shall argue that if negative interest rate policy can be implemented, it would be by far the most elegant and stable long-term solution to the severe limits on monetary tools that have emerged since the financial crisis. Admittedly, the question of how to resuscitate monetary policy is of more immediate relevance in Europe and Japan, where interest rates are already at the effective zero lower bound (in many cases mildly negative) a decade after the global financial crisis, and more than two decades after Japan’s financial crisis. But even the United States is likely to face severe constraints in the event of another financial crisis, possibly even in a deep recession.Link

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Negative Nominal Interest Rates and the Bank Lending Channel

Negative Nominal Interest Rates and the Bank Lending Channel. Lawrence Summers, January 2019, Paper, “Following the crisis of 2008, several central banks engaged in a new experiment by setting negative policy rates. Using aggregate and bank level data, we document that deposit rates stopped responding to policy rates once they went negative and that bank lending rates in some cases increased rather than decreased in response to policy rate cuts. Based on the empirical evidence, we construct a macro-model with a banking sector that links together policy rates, deposit rates and lending rates. Once the policy rate turns negative, the usual transmission mechanism of monetary policy through the bank sector breaks down. Moreover, because a negative policy rate reduces bank profits, the total effect on aggregate output can be contractionary. A calibration which matches Swedish bank level data suggests that a policy rate of -0.50 percent increases borrowing rates by 15 basis points and reduces output by 7 basis points.Link

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Risks to the Global Economy in 2019

Risks to the Global Economy in 2019. Kenneth Rogoff, January 11, 2019, Opinion, “Over the course of this year and next, the biggest economic risks will emerge in those areas where investors think recent patterns are unlikely to change. They will include a growth recession in China, a rise in global long-term real interest rates, and a crescendo of populist economic policies.Link

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The Case for Pausing the Interest-Rate Climb

The Case for Pausing the Interest-Rate Climb. Jason Furman, November 27, 2018, Opinion, “The Federal Reserve has done an outstanding job fulfilling its dual mandate of maximum employment and price stability. To keep the economy in this happy Goldilocks position, the Fed should hold off on raising rates at its December meeting and consider incoming data before deciding when—or even whether—to resume tightening.Link

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Raise Rates Today to Fight a Recession Tomorrow

Raise Rates Today to Fight a Recession Tomorrow. Martin Feldstein, November 26, 2018, Opinion, “Federal Reserve Chairman Jerome Powell will lay out a vision Wednesday for the course the Fed will steer through coming economic turbulence. So far, the Fed’s governors have appeared committed to their plan to continue raising interest rates, which they began in late 2015 after nearly a decade of holding them near zero. The federal-funds rate has jumped from 0.3% in January 2016 to 2.2% today, and the median forecast of the Federal Open Market Committee is that it will reach 3.4% by the end of 2021.Link

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