Found 1654 article(s) for author 'Economic Growth'

China’s economic weakness could drive ‘problematic’ nationalism

China’s economic weakness could drive ‘problematic’ nationalism. Lawrence Summers, November 8, 2019 , Video, “Weakness of the Chinese economy could generate “a certain truculence in its international relations” by driving nationalism in the country and “scapegoating of foreigners”, according to economist Larry Summers. The former World Bank chief economist and senior US Treasury Department official, also said de-escalation of trade tensions between the United States and China is not yet an indication for a substantial deal despite the progress.Summers, who has advised two past US presidents, spoke with the South China Morning Post on November 6, 2019, during Credit Suisse’s 10th China Investment Conference in Shenzhen.Link

 

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How to Get Past the US-China Trade War

How to Get Past the US-China Trade War. Dani Rodrik, November 7, 2019, Opinion, “China and the United States, like all other countries, should be able to maintain their own economic model. But international trade rules should prohibit national governments from adopting “beggar-thy-neighbor” policies that provide domestic benefits only by imposing costs on trade partners.Link

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US-China ‘phase one’ trade deal won’t lead to ‘economic nirvana’

US-China ‘phase one’ trade deal won’t lead to ‘economic nirvana’. Lawrence Summers, November 6, 2019, Video, “The so-called phase one trade deal that the U.S. and China are expected to sign won’t solve all the problems the global economy faces right now, former U.S. Treasury Secretary Larry Summers said Wednesday.
U.S. President Donald Trump said both countries were looking for a location to sign the partial deal — which according to Reuters, could take place this month. That development has fueled recent optimism in financial markets.Link

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Rethinking economic development

Rethinking Economic Development. Nathan Nunn, November 6, 2019, Paper, “I provide a summary, reflection and assessment of the current state of economic development in both the policy and academic worlds. In terms of development policy, currently, the primary focus is on policy interventions, namely, foreign aid, aimed at fixing the “deficiencies” of developing countries. Academic research also has a similar focus, except with an emphasis in rigorous evaluation of interventions to estimate causal effects. A standard set of versatile quantitative tools is used, e.g., experimental and quasi‐experimental methods, which can be easily applied in a range of settings to estimate the causal effects of policies, which are typically presumed to be similar across contexts. In this article, I take a step back and ask whether the current practices are the best that we can do. Are foreign aid and policy interventions the best options we have for poverty alleviation? What else can be done? Is our current research strategy, characterized by rigorous but a lack of context‐specific analysis, the best method of analysis? Is there a role for other research methods, for a deeper understanding of the local context and for more collaboration with local scholars?Link

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The Politics of M&A Antitrust

The Politics of M&A Antitrust. Suraj Srinivasan, November 5, 2019, Paper, “Antitrust regulators play a critical role in protecting market competition. We examine whether the political process affects antitrust reviews of merger transactions. We find that acquirers and targets located in the political districts of powerful U.S. congressional members who serve on committees with antitrust regulatory oversight receive relatively favorable antitrust review outcomes. To establish causality, we use plausibly exogenous shocks to firm‐politician links and a falsification test. Additional findings suggest congressional members’ incentives to influence antitrust reviews are affected by three channels: special interests, voter and constituent interests, and ideology. In aggregate, our findings suggest that the political process adversely interferes with the ability of antitrust regulators to provide independent recommendations about anti‐competitive mergers.Link

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Why America’s CEOs Are Talking About Stakeholder Capitalism

Why America’s CEOs Are Talking About Stakeholder Capitalism. Mark Roe, November 4, 2019, Opinion, “When the US Business Roundtable recently renounced shareholder primacy, the shift – by an organization representing companies with combined annual revenue of more than $7 trillion – prompted a wide range of reactions, from welcoming to dismissive. But the move is primarily an attempt to keep activist shareholders and populist politicians at bay.Link

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Intelligent Design of Inclusive Growth Strategies

Intelligent Design of Inclusive Growth Strategies. George Serafeim, 2019, Paper, “Improving corporate engagement with society, as advocated in the Business Roundtable’s 2019 statement, should not be viewed as a zero-sum proposition where attention to new stakeholders detracts from delivering shareholder value. Corporate programs for sustainable and ethical sourcing practices, however, have fallen far short of solving the underlying causes of extreme poverty, extensive use of child labor, and threats to the environment and human health. We identify several causes to explain this disappointing shortfall in societal performance, including traditional company policies and incentives that inhibit the implementation of innovative, inclusive growth strategies. We propose the role for a new actor, a catalyst, to help companies forge new relationships with external funders, local intermediary companies, NGOs, and community leaders. The catalyst aligns the multiple stakeholders from multiple sectors into enduring, mutually- beneficial relationships that produce more value than that currently produced when stakeholders connect only by transactional relationships. The catalyst attracts funding from public and private sources to invest in the new ecosystem, which can generate attractive financial returns while alleviating poverty and environmental degradation. Finally, the catalyst engages the multiple participants to collectively co-create explicit strategies and scorecards of metrics, which serve to motivate, create accountability, and enable an enduring governance model for a multi-stakeholder ecosystem.Link

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