Found 30 article(s) for author 'Development'

Conducting Benefit-Cost Analysis in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Introduction to the Special Issue

Conducting Benefit-Cost Analysis in Low- and Middle-Income Countries: Introduction to the Special Issue. Lisa Robinson, James Hammitt, 2019, Paper, “Investing in global health and development requires making difficult choices about what policies to pursue and what level of resources to devote to different initiatives. Methods of economic evaluation are well established and widely used to quantify and compare the impacts of alternative investments. However, if not well conducted and clearly reported, these evaluations can lead to erroneous conclusions. Differences in analytic methods and assumptions can obscure important differences in impacts. To increase the comparability of these evaluations, improve their quality, and expand their use, this special issue includes a series of papers developed to support reference case guidance for benefit-cost analysis.Link

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Clayton Christensen on what it would take to develop Africa

Clayton Christensen on what it would take to develop Africa. Clayton Christensen, January 23, 2019, Video, “Gearing up for prosperity requires a change of thinking, CNBC Africa spoke with one of New York’s best sellers Clayton Christensen, a professor of business administration and Harvard University’s Business School about what it would take to develop Africa.Link

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The Prosperity Paradox: How Innovation Can Lift Nations Out of Poverty

The Prosperity Paradox: How Innovation Can Lift Nations Out of Poverty. Clayton Christensen, January 15, 2019, Book, “Clayton M. Christensen, the author of such business classics as The Innovator’s Dilemma and the New York Times bestseller How Will You Measure Your Life, and co-authors Efosa Ojomo and Karen Dillon reveal why so many investments in economic development fail to generate sustainable prosperity, and offers a groundbreaking solution for true and lasting change.Link

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Environmental Economics, Developing Nations and Michael Greenstone

Environmental Economics, Developing Nations and Michael Greenstone. Rema Hanna, 2019, Book Chapter, “I am very excited for this opportunity to honor Michael Greenstone and his work in shaping how we think about environmental economics in developing countries. What I’d like to do today is talk about Michael’s contributions in development and environmental economics, particularly around why we even really care that environmental economics is being focused on developing countries. I also will discuss work with Michael that illustrates the complexity of crafting effective environmental policy in developing countries and the potentially big pay-offs of effective policy.Link

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The Development Century – A Global History

The Development Century – A Global History. Erez Manela, 2018, Book, “This anthology offers a cutting-edge perspective on how development has shaped the history of the modern world. Stephen J. Macekura and Erez Manela have gathered together leading historians to examine development on the international, regional, and national levels, as well as local manifestations of development initiatives and transnational organizing on behalf of alternative approaches. Themes include the relationship between empire and development, the role of international institutions, the influence of the Cold War, decolonization and post-colonial development strategies, reform and resistance to development, development and global health, and the ecological effects of development.Link

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Historical Political Economy

Historical Political Economy. Sophus Reinert, August 17, 2018, Book Chapter, “This chapter explores the cyclicality of historical awareness in economics. It shows how, over the centuries, there have been numerous moments when a tendency toward theoretical abstraction has resulted in real-world catastrophes which, in turn, have inspired a return to more historically-grounded approaches to economic inquiry and policy.Link

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Trust: Creating the Foundation for Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries

Trust: Creating the Foundation for Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries. Tarun Khanna, 2018, Book, “Entrepreneurs in developing countries who assume they will have the same legal, governmental, and institutional protections as their counterparts in the West will fail. To succeed, they need to build trust within the existing structures–and this book shows how it’s done.Link

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An Experimental Test of the Association Between Network Centrality and Cross-Village Risk-Sharing Links

An Experimental Test of the Association Between Network Centrality and Cross-Village Risk-Sharing Links. Rohini Pande, August 14, 2018, Paper, “We test a prediction from a recent paper by Ambrus and Elliott (2018), according to which less volatile incomes increases the association between within community centrality of a household, defined as Myerson centrality, and the probability of keeping financial connections with households outside the village. We use data from a unique field experiment in 185 Indian villages in which a randomly chosen half of the villages got access to formal banking services. We find empirical support for the prediction, as the relationship between Myerson centrality and having outside links is significantly more positive in villages that got access to formal banking.Link 

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Development Ethics as Reflected in the Right to Development

Development Ethics as Reflected in the Right to Development. Stephen Marks, 2018, Book Chapter, “One of the most salient contradictions of human rights in international development is the fact that there exists a human rights instrument that directly addresses all agreedupon ethical principles of development, as defined in this handbook (See Chapter 1 above.) and yet implementation of that instrument is mired in “political theatre” and consequently is inoperable. Indeed, the Declaration on the Right to Development (DRTD), which was adopted by UN General Assembly (GA) on 4 December 1986 (UN 1986), addresses directly all seven values analyzed by this handbook and efforts to clarify the meaning of its ten articles through expert inputs provided to the United Nations have been even more explicit on these ethical principles.Link

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