Found 25 article(s) for author 'Development'

The Development Century – A Global History

The Development Century – A Global History. Erez Manela, 2018, Book, “This anthology offers a cutting-edge perspective on how development has shaped the history of the modern world. Stephen J. Macekura and Erez Manela have gathered together leading historians to examine development on the international, regional, and national levels, as well as local manifestations of development initiatives and transnational organizing on behalf of alternative approaches. Themes include the relationship between empire and development, the role of international institutions, the influence of the Cold War, decolonization and post-colonial development strategies, reform and resistance to development, development and global health, and the ecological effects of development.Link

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Historical Political Economy

Historical Political Economy. Sophus Reinert, August 17, 2018, Book Chapter, “This chapter explores the cyclicality of historical awareness in economics. It shows how, over the centuries, there have been numerous moments when a tendency toward theoretical abstraction has resulted in real-world catastrophes which, in turn, have inspired a return to more historically-grounded approaches to economic inquiry and policy.Link

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Trust: Creating the Foundation for Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries

Trust: Creating the Foundation for Entrepreneurship in Developing Countries. Tarun Khanna, 2018, Book, “Entrepreneurs in developing countries who assume they will have the same legal, governmental, and institutional protections as their counterparts in the West will fail. To succeed, they need to build trust within the existing structures–and this book shows how it’s done.Link

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An Experimental Test of the Association Between Network Centrality and Cross-Village Risk-Sharing Links

An Experimental Test of the Association Between Network Centrality and Cross-Village Risk-Sharing Links. Rohini Pande, August 14, 2018, Paper, “We test a prediction from a recent paper by Ambrus and Elliott (2018), according to which less volatile incomes increases the association between within community centrality of a household, defined as Myerson centrality, and the probability of keeping financial connections with households outside the village. We use data from a unique field experiment in 185 Indian villages in which a randomly chosen half of the villages got access to formal banking services. We find empirical support for the prediction, as the relationship between Myerson centrality and having outside links is significantly more positive in villages that got access to formal banking.Link 

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Development Ethics as Reflected in the Right to Development

Development Ethics as Reflected in the Right to Development. Stephen Marks, 2018, Book Chapter, “One of the most salient contradictions of human rights in international development is the fact that there exists a human rights instrument that directly addresses all agreedupon ethical principles of development, as defined in this handbook (See Chapter 1 above.) and yet implementation of that instrument is mired in “political theatre” and consequently is inoperable. Indeed, the Declaration on the Right to Development (DRTD), which was adopted by UN General Assembly (GA) on 4 December 1986 (UN 1986), addresses directly all seven values analyzed by this handbook and efforts to clarify the meaning of its ten articles through expert inputs provided to the United Nations have been even more explicit on these ethical principles.Link

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An exploratory study of product development in emerging economies: evidence from medical device testing in India

An exploratory study of product development in emerging economies: evidence from medical device testing in India. Stefan Thomke, May 25, 2018, Paper, “Recent research has studied innovation in emerging economies. However, microlevel product development processes in these economies are relatively unexplored, and the mechanisms by which the emerging economy context might affect such processes are still unclear. In this paper, we explore the testing routines fundamental to product development in one emerging economy. Based on an exploratory field study of medical device development projects in India, we observe the frequent, iterative testing of prototypes in clinical settings and investigate the related learning process.Link

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How to convene an international health or development commission: ten key steps

How to convene an international health or development commission: ten key steps. Lawrence Summers, January 10, 2018, Paper, “The Commission on Investing in Health (CIH), an international group of 25 economists and global health experts, published its Global Health 2035 report in The Lancet in December 2013. The report laid out an ambitious investment framework for achieving a “grand convergence” in health—a universal reduction in deaths from infectious diseases and maternal and child health conditions—within a generation. This article captures ten key elements that the CIH found important to its process and successful outcomes.Link

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Growth Without Industrialization?

Growth Without Industrialization? Dani Rodrik, October 10, 2017, Opinion, “Low-income African countries can sustain moderate rates of productivity growth into the future, on the back of steady improvements in human capital and governance. But the evidence suggests that, without manufacturing gains, the growth rates brought about recently by rapid structural change are exceptional and may not last.Link

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Structural Transformation: A competitiveness-based view

Structural Transformation: A competitiveness-based view. Christian Ketels, 2017, “The research on competitiveness aims to enhance our understanding of the drivers of prosperity differences across locations, focusing especially on aspects that can inform policy to support higher levels of prosperity (Porter, 1990; Porter, 2000; Delgado et al., 2013). This chapter outlines key elements of the competitiveness framework, and discusses how it relates to the idea of structural transformation.Link

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Africa’s Prospects for Enjoying a Demographic Dividend

Africa’s Prospects for Enjoying a Demographic Dividend. David Bloom, August 2016, “We assess Africa’s prospects for enjoying a demographic dividend. While fertility rates and dependency ratios in Africa remain high, they have started to decline. According to UN projections, they will fall further in the coming decades such that by the mid-21st century the ratio of the working-age to dependent population will be greater than in Asia, Europe, and Northern America. This projection suggests Africa has considerable potential to enjoy a demographic dividend. Whether and when it actually materializes, and also its magnitude, hinges on policies and institutions in key realms that include macroeconomic management, human capital, trade, governance, and labor and capital markets. Given strong complementarities among these areas, coordinated policies will likely be most effective in generating the momentum needed to pull Africa’s economies out of a development trap.Link

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