Found 13 article(s) for author 'Democracy'

Understanding Brexit: Cultural Resentment versus Economic Grievances

Understanding Brexit: Cultural Resentment versus Economic Grievances. Pippa Norris, 2018, Paper, “This study considers the evidence for ‘demand-side’ theories seeking to explain the outcome of the Brexit referendum and subsequent divisions in UK politics. Economic theories suggest that the Leave decision was driven mainly by the ‘left-behinds’ in jobs or wages, such as those living in struggling communities in the North of England, the Midlands, and Wales. By contrast cultural accounts emphasize political attitudes and values, including long-term British suspicion about the European Union project, public disgust with the political class at Westminster, anxiety about the effects of the refugee crisis and migration from other EU countries, and opposition to the government’s austerity cuts. These theories can also be regarded as complimentary rather than rivals, for example if economic deprivation catalyzed resentment about immigrants and the rejection of open borders.Link

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How Democratic Is the Euro?

How Democratic Is the Euro? Dani Rodrik, June 11, 2018, Opinion, “If the European Union is to remain viable and democratic at the same time, policymakers will have to pay closer attention to the demanding requirements of delegating decisions to unelected bodies. They should promote such a delegation of sovereignty only when it truly enhances the long-term performance of their democracies.Link

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New Prospects for Organizational Democracy?: How the Joint Pursuit of Social and Financial Goals Challenges Traditional Organizational Designs

New Prospects for Organizational Democracy?: How the Joint Pursuit of Social and Financial Goals Challenges Traditional Organizational Designs. Julie Battilana, 2018, Book Chapter, “Some interesting exceptions notwithstanding, the traditional logic of economic efficiency has long favored hierarchical forms of organization and disfavored democracy in business. What does the balance of arguments look like, however, when values besides efficient revenue production are brought into the picture? The question is not hypothetical: In recent years, an ever increasing number of corporations have developed and adopted socially responsible behaviors, thereby hybridizing aspects of corporate businesses and social organizations. We argue that the joint pursuit of financial and social objectives warrants significant rethinking of organizational democracy’s merits compared both to hierarchy and to non-democratic alternatives to hierarchy.Link

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The Electoral Politics of Growth Regimes

The Electoral Politics of Growth Regimes. Peter Hall, May 17, 2018, Paper, “This paper explores the role of electoral politics in the evolution of postwar growth regimes, understood as the sets of socioeconomic policies that governments adopt in order to pursue economic growth. It charts changes in those growth regimes in the developed democracies across four eras: one of modernization, running from 1950 to 1970, a turbulent interregnum during the 1970s, an era of liberalization from the early 1980s through the end of the century, and a subsequent era of insecurity. I argue that growth regimes respond, not only to changing economic circumstances, but also to specific electoral circumstances. The overarching claim is that the inclination and capacities of democratic governments to pursue distinctive growth regimes depend on the evolution of electoral cleavages and how they condition partisan electoral competition.Link

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Populism, Liberalism, and Democracy

Populism, Liberalism, and Democracy. Michael Sandel, March 13, 2018, Paper, “The right-wing populism ascendant today is a symptom of the failure of progressive politics. Central to this failure is the uncritical embrace of a neo-liberal version of globalization that benefits those at the top but leaves ordinary citizens feeling disempowered. Progressive parties are unlikely to win back public support unless they learn from the populist protest that has displaced them —not by replicating its xenophobia and strident nationalism, but by taking seriously the legitimate grievances with which these ugly sentiments are entangled. These grievances are not only economic but also moral and cultural; they are not only about wages and jobs but also about social esteem.Link

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Trump’s version of capitalism looks a lot like revenge — and it endangers our democracy

Trump’s version of capitalism looks a lot like revenge — and it endangers our democracy. Lawrence Summers, November 27, 2017, Opinion, “In response to the Carrier caper after the election last year, I decried the Trump administration’s preference for what I called ad hoc deal capitalism. I noted that the practice was characteristic of developing countries and earlier times in the United States and that it was much less conducive to prosperity and freedom than capitalism based on the predictable rule of law.Link

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Why Competiition in the Politics Industry is Failing America

Why Competiition in the Politics Industry is Failing America. Michael Porter, September 2017, Book, “Many Americans are disgusted and concerned about the dysfunction and abysmal results from Washington, D.C., and so are we. However, this paper is not about adding to the depressing national dialog about politics, but about how to change the system by taking action that will work.Link

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A Conversation With Robert D. Putnam

A Conversation With Robert D. Putnam. Robert Putnam, March 16, 2016, Video. “A best-selling author and professor at the Harvard Kennedy School, Robert Putnam is one of America’s leading political scientists. In recent years, he has written widely on the decline in America’s civic life, and, with it, our capacity for self-government. In this conversation, Putnam discusses his research on declining levels of civic participation in America and presents his interpretation of the reasons for it. Putnam also recalls how actual political developments awakened his interest in political science, and explains how social science might help us address public policy problems,” writes the Foundation for Constitutional Government, the sponsor of the series.Link

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Is Liberal Democracy Feasible in Developing Countries?

Is Liberal Democracy Feasible in Developing Countries? Dani Rodrik, March 9, 2016, Paper. “Liberal democracy has been difficult to institute and sustain in developing countries. This has to do both with ideational factors—the absence of a liberal tradition prior to electoral mobilization—and structural conditions—the prevalence of mass mobilization along identity rather than class cleavages. This paper considers the conditions under which liberal democracy emerges and speculates about its future in developing countries.Link

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How Did Britain Democratize? Views from the Sovereign Bond Market

How Did Britain Democratize? Views from the Sovereign Bond Market, Daniel Ziblatt, March 2015, Paper, To assess competing theories of democratization, we analyze British sovereign bond market responses to the 1832, 1867, and 1884 Reform Acts, and to two failed Chartist agitations for reform. Analyses of high-frequency 3% consol yield data and historical financial press suggest three conclusions. First, democratic reform episodes were preceded by increases in perceived political risk, comparable to democratizing episodes in other countries. Second, both democratic reform and repression were followed by yield declines. Third, the source of political risk in Britain was both social unrest and political deadlock. Together, the findings challenge the “Whig” characterization of British democratization as exceptionally risk-free. Link

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