Found 26 article(s) for author 'Corporate Social Responsibility'

Why is Corporate Virtue in the Eye of The Beholder? The Case of ESG Ratings

Why is Corporate Virtue in the Eye of The Beholder? The Case of ESG Ratings. George Serafeim, Anywhere Sikochi, November 2019, Paper, “Despite the rising use of environmental, social, and governance (ESG) ratings in financial markets, there is substantial disagreement across rating agencies regarding what rating to give to individual firms. As what drives this disagreement is unclear, we examine the extent to which a firm’s ESG disclosure and average ESG rating explain this disagreement. Contrary to conventional wisdom that greater disclosure helps reduce disagreement, our findings suggest that greater ESG disclosure leads to greater disagreement across ESG rating agencies. These findings hold using firm fixed effects, changes models, and using a difference-in-differences design with staggered mandatory ESG disclosure shocks. We also find that rating disagreement is greater when firms have high or low average ESG ratings, relative to firms with medium average ESG ratings. Overall, our findings highlight the difficulty that firms face in resolving ESG rating disagreement and the need for developing rules and norms for evaluating ESG information.Link

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If Business Roundtable CEOs are serious about reform, here’s what they should do

If Business Roundtable CEOs are serious about reform, here’s what they should do. Lawrence Summers, September 2, 2019, Opinion, “The Business Roundtable recently announced a major policy change declaring that the purpose of a corporation is not just to serve shareholders (its official position since 1997) but “to create value for all our stakeholders.” At a time of considerable disillusionment with U.S. capitalism, this is a significant statement that could signal meaningful change in the operation of the American economy. Certainly the recognition by leading chief executives that they need to look beyond the narrow metric of their stock price is to be welcomed.Link

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The Wise Company: How Companies Create Continuous Innovation

The Wise Company: How Companies Create Continuous Innovation. Hirotaka Takeuchi, 2019, Book, “High-velocity change is the fundamental challenge facing companies today. Few companies, however, are prepared to continuously innovate-because they focus on the short-term and do not emphasize the wisdom needed to make sure that their interests are aligned with those of society. Practical wisdom is the bases of continuous innovation, where companies ceaselessly and repeatedly creating new knowledge, disseminating it throughout the organization, and converting knowledge to action over time. In The Wise Company, legendary management experts Ikujiro Nonaka and Hirotaka Takeuchi highlight how various companies have confronted the challenge of rapid change to create new products and new ways of doing business that benefit employees, consumers, and society.Link

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Uber Prepares to Go Public, and China’s Social Credit System

Uber Prepares to Go Public, and China’s Social Credit System. Youngme Moon, Mihir Desai, Felix Oberholzer-Gee, November 14, 2018, Audio, “Youngme Moon, Mihir Desai, and Felix Oberholzer-Gee discuss how much Uber is worth as it prepares to go public, before debating China’s controversial Social Credit system. They also share their After Hours picks for the week.Link

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Revisiting the uneasy case for corporate taxation in an uneasy world

Revisiting the uneasy case for corporate taxation in an uneasy world. Mihir Desai, October 31, 2018, Paper, “Just as the public increasingly wants corporate taxation to serve as a mechanism for ensuring that business contributes to society, the sustainability of corporate taxation is increasingly under challenge by a changing global landscape. This tension between the heightened demands placed on the corporate tax system and its reduced capacity prompts the question: How can an increasingly tenuous fiscal instrument be modified to accommodate rising expectations? In this paper, we address this question by reviewing the empirical evidence on, and conceptual underpinnings of, the corporate tax. We place the taxation of corporations in a wider context that links it to ongoing debates on corporate law and governance and on corporate social responsibility.Link

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Nobel perspectives: Professor Oliver Hart

Nobel perspectives: Professor Oliver Hart. Oliver Hart, July 29, 2018, Audio, “To help address the big questions that shape our world, UBS has sought out a number of Nobel Laureates in the economic sciences to ask them to share insights, discuss their research and open their inquiring minds. This week we’re hearing from Oliver Hart, the Andrew E Furer Professor of Economics at Harvard University, and 2016 Nobel prize recipient. Hart discusses his recent focus on the theme of corporate social responsibility and how this fits in to his life’s work on the theory of the firm and contract theoryLink

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Political, Social, and Environmental Shareholder Resolutions:

Political, Social, and Environmental Shareholder Resolutions. Joseph Kalt, June 2018, Paper, “The increased use of politically-charged shareholder resolutions has garnered considerable attention in recent years, as shareholder meetings have become venues for discussion and debate regarding corporate positions and actions on issues of the day. Recent proxy seasons have seen corporate management being asked to address issues as diverse as deforestation, corporate clean energy goals, climate change, the uses of antibiotics and pesticides, political contributions, human rights risks through the supply chain, indigenous rights and human trafficking, cybersecurity, the development and reporting of sustainability metrics, and tax fairness.Link

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CSR Needs CPR: Corporate Sustainability and Politics

CSR Needs CPR: Corporate Sustainability and Politics. Michael Toffel, June 6, 2018, Paper, “Corporate sustainability has gone mainstream, and many companies have taken meaningful steps to improve their own environmental performance. But while corporate political actions such as lobbying can have a greater impact on environmental quality, they are ignored in most current sustainability metrics. It is time for these metrics to be expanded to critically assess firms based on the sustainability impacts of their public policy positions. To enable such assessments, firms must become as transparent about their corporate political responsibility (CPR) as their corporate social responsibility (CSR). For their part, rating systems must demand such information from firms and include evaluations of corporate political activity in their assessments of corporate environmental responsibility.Link

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Geoffrey Jones on income inequality, Sustainability, and Corporate Social Responsibility

Geoffrey Jones on income inequality, Sustainability, and Corporate Social Responsibility April 2018. GrowthPolicy’s Devjani Roy interviewed Geoffrey Jones, Isidor Straus Professor of Business History at Harvard Business School, on income inequality, sustainability, and Corporate Social Responsibility. | Click here for more interviews like this one. Links: Geoffrey Jones’s faculty page at Harvard Business School | […]

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More and More CEOs Are Taking Their Social Responsibility Seriously.

More and More CEOs Are Taking Their Social Responsibility Seriously. Rebecca Henderson, February 12, 2018, Opinion, “Jana Partners, the activist hedge fund, isn’t known as a tree-hugging hippie sort of firm. Yet, last month it joined with the California State Teachers’ Retirement System to send a letter to Apple’s board warning about the effects of the company’s devices on children. The same month, Blackrock CEO Larry Fink sent a letter telling companies that his firm would consider social responsibility when making investments. And Mark Zuckerberg told investors that Facebook would be making changes to its platform that would help users in the long-term, even though, he warned, in the short-term the result would be users spending less time on it.Link

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