Found 20 article(s) for author 'Competition'

Globalization, Structural Change, and Productivity Growth, with an Update on Africa

Globalization, Structural Change, and Productivity Growth, with an Update on Africa. Dani Rodrik, October 2013, Paper. “One of the earliest and most central insights of the literature on economic development is that development entails structural change. The countries that manage to pull out of poverty and get richer are those that are able to diversify away from agriculture and other traditional products. As labor and other resources move from agriculture into modern economic activities, overall productivity rises and incomes expand...” Link

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Customer-Driven Misconduct: How Competition Corrupts Business Practices

Customer-Driven Misconduct: How Competition Corrupts Business Practices. Michael Toffel, August 2013, Paper. “Competition among firms yields many benefits but can also encourage firms to engage in corrupt or unethical activities. We argue that competition can lead organizations to provide services that customers demand but that violate government regulations, especially when price competition is restricted. Using 28 million vehicle emissions tests from more than 11,000 facilities, we show that increased competition is associated with greater inspection leniency…” Link Verified October 11, 2014

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European Integration: Meeting the Competitiveness Challenge

European Integration: Meeting the Competitiveness Challenge. Michael E. Porter, Christian H.M. Ketels, July 25, 2013, Case. “The case discusses the origins and development of the European Integration process from the post-war period up to 2007, focusing particularly on the efforts of the Lisbon-agenda under way since 2000 to enhance Europe’s competitiveness. It discusses the different policy areas that have been approached at the European level over time, and provides background on the architecture of European institutions…” May require purchase or user account. Link

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Firm Competitiveness and Detection of Bribery

Firm Competitiveness and Detection of Bribery. George Serafeim, July 2013, Paper. “Using survey data collected from senior corporate executives around the world I analyze how detection of bribery impacts firm competitiveness. The data suggest that the most significant impact is on employee morale, followed by business relations and reputation, and then regulatory relations. I find that who initiated the bribery act, how it was detected, and how the firm responded after detection are all associated with the impact on a firm’s reputation, business relations, regulatory relations, and employee morale…” Link Verified October 11, 2014

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Clusters and the New Growth Path for Europe

Clusters and the New Growth Path for Europe. Christian H.M. Ketels, July 2013, Paper. “This paper outlines elements of a conceptual framework that clarifies the role that clusters play relative to government policies and actions of individual companies in supporting the emergence of “High Road” strategies that lead to better New Growth Path–related outcomes. It then focuses on creating a new set of data that can start shedding light on the empirical relevance of this framework. The first main section of the paper draws on a new set of employment and wage data across European clusters …” Link Verified October 12, 2014

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Recent Research on Competitiveness and Clusters: What Are the Implications for Regional Policy?

Recent Research on Competitiveness and Clusters: What Are the Implications for Regional Policy? Christian H.M. Ketels, May 8, 2013, Paper. “This paper reviews implications of recent research on competitiveness and clusters for regions and regional policy. A new framing of competitiveness clarifies the role of regions. Its empirical findings align well with the literature on drivers of regional performance, but there are opportunities for mutual learning. A step-change in the availability of data on clusters and cluster policies has enabled new research approaches…” May require purchase or user account. Link Verified October 12, 2014

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From Russia with Love: The Impact of Relocated Firms on Incumbent Survival

From Russia with Love: The Impact of Relocated Firms on Incumbent Survival. William R. Kerr, May 2013, Paper. “We identify the impact of local firm concentration on incumbent performance with a quasi-natural experiment. When Germany was divided after World War II, many firms in the machine tool industry fled the Soviet occupied zone to prevent expropriation. We show that the regional location decisions of these firms upon moving to western Germany were driven by non-economic factors and heuristics rather than existing industrial conditions…” Link Verified October 11, 2014

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What Do We Learn From Schumpeterian Growth Theory?

What Do We Learn From Schumpeterian Growth Theory. Philippe Aghion, February 15, 2013, Paper. “Schumpeterian growth theory has “operationalized” Schumpeter’s notion of creative destruction by developing models based on this concept. These models shed light on several aspects of the growth process which could not be properly addressed by alternative theories. In this survey, we focus on four important aspects, namely: (i) the role of competition and market structure; (ii) rm dynamics; (iii) the relationship between growth and development with the notion of appropriate growth institutions; (iv) the emergence and impact of long-term…”  Link

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Why America Needs an Economic Strategy

 Why America Needs an Economic Strategy. Michael Porter, October 29, 2008, Opinion. “With the U.S. Election just days away, it has never been more important to consider what the next President must do to keep America competitive. In this time of crisis, Washington has focused on the immediate and the short term. Lost are the more basic questions we really need to worry about: What is the fundamental competitive position of the U.S. in the global economy? And what must we do to remain strong when other nations are making rapid progress? The stark truth is that the U.S. has no long-term economic strategy—no coherent set of policies to ensure competitiveness over the long haul…Link

 

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On Competition, Updated and Expanded Edition

On Competition, Updated and Expanded Edition. Michael Porter, October 1, 2008, Book. “For the past two decades, Michael Porter’s work has towered over the field of competitive strategy. On Competition, Updated and Expanded Edition brings together more than a dozen of Porter’s landmark articles from the Harvard Business Review. Five are new to this edition, including the 2008 update to his classic “The Five Competitive Forces That Shape Strategy,” as well as new work on health care, philanthropy, corporate social responsibility, and CEO leadership. This collection captures Porter’s unique ability to bridge theory and practice…” May require purchase or user account, Link

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