Found 10 article(s) for author 'Compensation'

Are ISS Recommendations Informative? Evidence from Assessments of Compensation Practices

Are ISS Recommendations Informative? Evidence from Assessments of Compensation Practices. Susanna Gallani, February 2019, Paper, “Using detailed information on Institutional Shareholder Services (ISS) assessments of firms’ compensation practices, we examine whether these assessments identify poor compensation practices as measured by subsequent performance. While prior research provides consistent evidence of an association between shareholder voting outcomes and ISS recommendations, the evidence is mixed over whether their recommendations convey information about poor compensation policies. We find that ISS “Against” recommendations are associated with worse future accounting performance, consistent with ISS being able to detect suboptimal compensation packages. However, workload compression has an effect, as we find that the relation between assessments and future performance is stronger during off season (for firms with non-December fiscal year end).Link

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Productivity and Pay: Is the Link Broken?

Productivity and Pay: Is the Link Broken? Lawrence Summers, June 2018, Paper, “Since 1973 median compensation in the United States has diverged starkly from average labor productivity. Since 2000, average compensation has also begun to diverge from labor productivity. These divergences lead to the question: Holding all else equal, to what extent does productivity growth translate into compensation growth for typical American workers? We investigate this, regressing median, average, and  production/nonsupervisory compensation growth on productivity growth in various specifications. We find substantial evidence of linkage between productivity and compensation…Link

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The Role of Employee Stock Purchase Plans — Gift and Incentive? Evidence from a Multinational Corporation.

The Role of Employee Stock Purchase Plans — Gift and Incentive? Evidence from a Multinational Corporation. Richard Freeman, May 29, 2018, Paper, “Employee share purchase plans (ESPPs) give free or discounted shares of stock to workers who buy shares in the hope that the greater share ownership will retain workers, build loyalty and raise productivity, as in gift exchange models. Using measures of workers’ organizational loyalty and sense of ownership in a multinational firm that puts the ESPP at the heart of its compensation policy, we find that workers who join the ESPP have lower turnover intentions and do less on‐the‐job search than others, motivated in part by gift exchange reciprocity, and also respond to the group incentive of ownership with greater work effort, longer hours, and lower absence rates. Workers in workplaces with high perceived rates of ESPP participation are more likely to intervene against shirkers. The results appear robust to the selectivity of who joins the ESPP. The mix of gifting shares to workers who buy shares and the group incentive of ownership makes ESPPs a unique dual form of compensation.Link

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Consumers Avoid Buying from Firms with Higher CEO-to-Worker Pay Ratios

Consumers Avoid Buying from Firms with Higher CEO-to-Worker Pay Ratios. Rohit Deshpandé, Michael I. Norton, January 31, 2018, Paper, “We document a novel driver of consumer behavior: pay ratio disclosure. Swiss corporation performance data gathered during a legally mandated pay ratio referendum reveals that salient high pay ratios are associated with decreased firm sales (Pilot Study). An incentive-compatible field experiment shows that, when ratios are revealed, consumers avoid firms with high ratios relative to competitors (Study 1).Link

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Productivity and Pay: is the link broken?

Productivity and Pay: is the link broken? Lawrence Summers, November 2017, Paper, “After growing in tandem for nearly 30 years after the second world war, since 1973 an increasing gap has opened between the compensation of the average American worker and her/his average labor productivity. Brynjolffson and McAfee (2014) use the phrase “the great decoupling” to describe this phenomenon; Bivens and Mishel (2015) refer to it as a “historic divergence”. In recent years discussion has centered on understanding why this phenomenon has occurred and how policy should respond.Link

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Does Financial Misconduct Affect the Future Compensation of Alumni Managers?

Does Financial Misconduct Affect the Future Compensation of Alumni Managers? Boris Groysberg, George Serafeim, November 15, 2017, Paper, “We explore how an organization’s financial misconduct may affect pay for former employees not implicated in wrongdoing. Drawing on stigma theory we hypothesize that although such alumni did not participate in the financial misconduct and they had left the organization years before the misconduct, they experience a compensation penalty. Our results support this prediction. The stigma effect increases in relation to the job function proximity to the misconduct, recency of the misconduct, and an employee’s seniority. Collectively, our results suggest that the stigma of financial misconduct could reach alumni employees and need not be confined to executives and directors that oversaw the organization during the misconduct.” Link

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Shared Capitalism: What is it and What Does it Do?

Shared Capitalism: What is it and What Does it Do? Richard Freeman, December 2016, Paper, “We all know that people respond to incentives. Economics 101 teaches that workers put forth greater effort when these efforts are rewarded financially, and top talent tends to gravitate toward jobs and firms where rewards are geared to performance. For the most part, however, the research that’s led us to these conclusions has focused on performance incentives for individual workers, such as piece rates, merit pay, individual commissions, or bonuses.Link

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Empowering Minority Shareholders and Executive Compensation: Evidence from a Natural Experiment

Empowering Minority Shareholders and Executive Compensation: Evidence from a Natural Experiment. Jesse Fried, August 2016, Paper, “We use a recent regulatory change in Israel to examine the efficacy of minority shareholder approval. In 2011, the level of minority shareholder support required for approving related party transactions, including executive compensation paid to controlling shareholders or to their relatives, increased from a third to a majority of the minority votes cast, and a new rule required renewal of this approval every three years. Comparing changes in compensation following approvals before and after the reform, we find that only the new type of approval constrains compensation, and that this effect is present only when the firm does not choose the timing of the vote.Link

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Does Productivity Still Determine Worker Compensation? Domestic and International Evidence

Does Productivity Still Determine Worker Compensation? Domestic and International Evidence. Robert Lawrence, 2016, Book Chapter. “The American dream is that each generation should live twice as well as the previous one, and this requires that incomes rise at an annual rate of around 2 percent per year. At this pace, incomes will double every 35 years. Between 1947 and 1970, average real compensation in the US increased at annual rate of 2.6 percent—a pace that was actually faster than required to achieve the dream. But since 1970, the average real compensation of US workers has grown at less than 1 percent per year, and at that pace it would take almost a lifetime to see incomes double.Link

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Aligning Incentives at Systemically Important Financial Institutions

Aligning Incentives at Systemically Important Financial Institutions. David Scharfstein, John Campbell, March 25, 2013, Paper. “UBS recently announced it would pay part of the bonuses of 6,500 highly compensated employees with bonds that would be forfeited if the bank does not meet its capital requirements. This memo underscores the benefits of contingent deferred compensation and makes recommendations for how such compensation should be structured at systemically important institutions. We also revise our proposal for contingent convertible bonds, explaining how these hybrid bonds…”  Link verified March 25, 2013

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