Found 13 article(s) for author 'Central Banking'

Whither Central Banking?

Whither Central Banking? Lawrence Summers, August 23, 2019, Opinion, “In an environment of secular stagnation in the developed economies, central bankers’ ingenuity in loosening monetary policy is exactly what is not needed. What is needed are admissions of impotence, in order to spur efforts by governments to promote demand through fiscal policies and other means.Link

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Larry Summers Says Central Bankers Confront a ‘Black Hole’ for Policy

Larry Summers Says Central Bankers Confront a ‘Black Hole’ for Policy. Lawrence Summers, August 22, 2019, Video, “Harvard University economist Lawrence Summers warned central bankers that they are staring at “black hole monetary economics” where small changes in interest rates and even more aggressive strategies do little to solve demand shortfalls.Link

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Central Banks Should Forget About 2% Inflation

Central Banks Should Forget About 2% Inflation. Jeffrey Frankel, July 25, 2019, Opinion, “Despite years of monetary stimulus, inflation in the United States, Japan, and the eurozone continues to undershoot central banks’ 2% target. Rather than doubling down on their oft-missed goal, however, perhaps the Fed and other central banks should quietly stop pursuing it aggressively.Link

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Christine Lagarde enters the European Central Bank at a perilous moment

Christine Lagarde enters the European Central Bank at a perilous moment. Lawrence Summers, July 9, 2019, Opinion, “The announcement last week that Christine Lagarde would be leaving her post as managing director of the International Monetary Fund to become president of the European Central Bank marks what may be the most important change in the leadership of the international financial system in decades. At a time when the United States is abdicating its systemic responsibilities and focusing only on narrow commercial interests, the role Lagarde is leaving and the one she is entering are of preeminent importance.Link

 

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How Central-Bank Independence Dies

How Central-Bank Independence Dies. Kenneth Rogoff, May 31, 2019, Opinion, “Since the world’s major central banks came to the global economy’s rescue in 2008, they have had more and more tasks foisted upon them, even as some politicians question their expanded role and others seek to undermine their policymaking autonomy. To escape this dilemma, monetary authorities must get back to doing what they do best.Link

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Explaining Inflation Inertia

Explaining Inflation Inertia. Carmen Reinhart, May 6, 2019, Opinion, “Despite central bankers’ concerted efforts, credible price-stability targets have proved elusive in countries like Argentina, where inflation is soaring, and Japan, which can’t shake the specter of deflation. What can governments do to influence inflation expectations when central banks’ policies prove insufficient to the task?Link

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Negative Nominal Interest Rates and the Bank Lending Channel

Negative Nominal Interest Rates and the Bank Lending Channel. Lawrence Summers, January 2019, Paper, “Following the crisis of 2008, several central banks engaged in a new experiment by setting negative policy rates. Using aggregate and bank level data, we document that deposit rates stopped responding to policy rates once they went negative and that bank lending rates in some cases increased rather than decreased in response to policy rate cuts. Based on the empirical evidence, we construct a macro-model with a banking sector that links together policy rates, deposit rates and lending rates. Once the policy rate turns negative, the usual transmission mechanism of monetary policy through the bank sector breaks down. Moreover, because a negative policy rate reduces bank profits, the total effect on aggregate output can be contractionary. A calibration which matches Swedish bank level data suggests that a policy rate of -0.50 percent increases borrowing rates by 15 basis points and reduces output by 7 basis points.Link

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Trade Invoicing, Bank Funding, and Central Bank Reserve Holdings

Trade Invoicing, Bank Funding, and Central Bank Reserve Holdings. Gita Gopinath, Jeremy Stein, May 2018, Paper, “We develop a model that shows how the currency denomination of a country’s imports influences the funding structure of its banking system, and in turn, the currency composition of its central bank’s reserve holdings. The link between the dollar’s role in bank funding and its role as a central bank reserve currency is stronger when the country’s fiscal capacity is limited, and when exchange rates are volatile. In the data, there is a pronounced cross-country relationship between the fraction of imports that are dollar invoiced, and the fraction of central-bank foreign-exchange reserves that are held in dollars.Link

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Trade Invoicing, Bank Funding, and Central Bank Reserve Holdings

Trade Invoicing, Bank Funding, and Central Bank Reserve Holdings. Gita Gopinath, Jeremy Stein, 2018, Paper, “In recent work (Gopinath and Stein (2017)) we explore how a currency like the dollar can become entrenched as a dominant global currency, focusing on the two-way feedback between trade invoicing and banking structure. The basic idea is that when a larger share of a country’s imports are invoiced in dollars, its citizens have a greater demand for dollar-denominated safe claims.Link

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