Found 66 article(s) for author 'Cass Sunstein'

Empirically Informed Regulation

Empirically Informed Regulation. Cass Sunstein, 2011, Paper. “In recent years, social scientists have been incorporating empirical findings about human behavior into economic models. These findings offer important insights for thinking about regulation and its likely consequences. They also offer some suggestions about the appropriate design of effective, low-cost, choice-preserving approaches to regulatory problems, including disclosure requirements, default rules, and simplification. A general lesson is that small, inexpensive policy initiatives can have large and highly beneficial effects…” Link

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Cost-Benefit Analysis and Relative Position

Cost-Benefit Analysis and Relative Position. Cass Sunstein, January 1, 2010, Paper. “Current estimates of regulatory benefits are too low, and likely far too low, because they ignore a central point about valuation – namely, that people care not only about their absolute economic position, but also about their relative economic position. We show that where the government currently pegs the value of a statistical life at about $4 million, it ought to employ a value between $4.7 million and $7 million. A conservative reading of the relevant evidence suggests that when government agencies are unsure how to value regulatory benefits along a…” Link

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Disclosure Is the Best Kind Of Credit Regulation

Disclosure Is the Best Kind Of Credit Regulation. Cass Sunstein, August 13, 2008, Opinion. “The Federal Reserve Board recently issued proposed amendments to Regulation Z, which governs Truth in Lending. According to the Fed, the amendments ‘are intended to improve the effectiveness of the disclosures consumers receive in connection with credit card accounts and other revolving credit plans by ensuring that information is provided in a timely manner and in a form that is readily understandable.’ The Fed’s interest in this problem should be applauded, especially in light of the consumer credit crisis…” Link

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The Dramatic Effect of a Firm Nudge

The Dramatic Effect of a Firm Nudge. Cass Sunstein, August 12, 2008, Opinion. “In the past three decades, psychologists and behavioural economists have learnt that people’s choices can be dramatically affected by subtle features of social situations. For example, inertia turns out to be a powerful force. If people’s magazine subscriptions are automatically renewed, they renew a lot more than if they have to send in a renewal form. Moreover, people are influenced by how problems are framed. If told that salami is ’90 per cent fat-free’ they are far more likely to buy salami than if they are told it is…” (May require user account or purchase) Link



Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness

Nudge: Improving Decisions About Health, Wealth, and Happiness. Cass Sunstein, April 8, 2008, Book. “Every day, we make decisions on topics ranging from personal investments to schools for our children to the meals we eat to the causes we champion. Unfortunately, we often choose poorly. The reason, the authors explain in this important exploration of choice architecture, is that, being human, we all are susceptible to various biases that can lead us to blunder. Our mistakes make us poorer and less healthy; we often make bad decisions involving education, personal finance, health care, mortgages…” (May require purchase or user account) Link



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The Promise of Prediction Markets

The Promise of Prediction Markets. Cass Sunstein, January 1, 2008, Paper. “Prediction markets are markets for contracts that yield payments based on the outcome of an uncertain future event, such as a presidential election. Using these markets as forecasting tools could substantially improve decision making in the private and public sectors. We argue that U.S. regulators should lower barriers to the creation and design of prediction markets by creating a safe harbor for certain types of small stakes markets.We believe our proposed change has the potential to stimulate innovation in the design…” Link

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