Found 8 article(s) for author 'Carbon Emissions'

The Economic Implications of a Low-Carbon Future

The Economic Implications of a Low-Carbon Future. Joseph Aldy, January 2019, Paper, “What are the costs and benefits of reducing the carbon intensity of the U.S. economy? The economic costs of decarbonization reflect the stringency of climate policy goals—how ambitious is the objective and how quickly must the economy meet it—and the responsiveness of investment and consumption to new policies and associated price signals. The more low-cost opportunities for switching to lower- and zero-carbon energy sources and the more options for energy efficiency and conservation, the lower the cost of any decarbonization goal. The costs will also reflect a number of critical policy design choices that will affect the cost-effectiveness of reducing carbon emissions, the creation and use of economic value (such as carbon tax revenues) that could promote economic growth, and the potential for innovation policy to complement emission mitigation policy.Link

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Trade Shifts Pollution More than Regs Shift Trade

Trade Shifts Pollution More than Regs Shift Trade. Joseph Aldy, September/October 2018, Paper, “Burning coal to power manufacturing
contributes to premature mortality in the United States and in developing countries alike. Despite stringent environmental regulations, U.S. coal-fired power plants still cause tens of thousands of early deaths each year. Any factor that causes manufacturing activity to shift from the United States to other countries can also shift the demand for coal-fired power — and its pollution — to these other countries.Link

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Don’t Roll Back the Vehicle Fuel Standards

Don’t Roll Back the Vehicle Fuel Standards. Jody Freeman, March 8, 2017, Opinion, “One of the signal achievements of the Obama administration was reaching an agreement with the auto industry to dramatically increase fuel efficiency standards for vehicles, doubling them to 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025. The industry now wants to renege. At its behest, the Trump administration is expected to initiate a rollback.Link

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Federal Minerals Leasing Reform and Climate Policy

Federal Minerals Leasing Reform and Climate Policy. James Stock, December 2016, Paper, “Through its minerals leasing program, the U.S. government plays a large role in the extraction of oil, natural gas, and coal. This footprint is the largest for coal: 41 percent of U.S. coal is mined under federal leases, and burning this coal accounts for 13 percent of U.S. energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Currently, producers and consumers of this coal do not bear the full social costs associated with its use. At the same time, the threat of climate change has led the international community, including the United States, to pledge significant reductions in CO2 emissions. Over the past two decades Democratic and Republican administrations have taken steps to reduce U.S. CO2 emissions by reducing use of fossil fuels.Link

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Donald Trump Should Know: This Is What Climate Change Costs Us

Donald Trump Should Know: This Is What Climate Change Costs Us. Cass Sunstein, December 15, 2016, Opinion, “Last week, Donald J. Trump’s transition team sent a startling questionnaire to the Department of Energy. Among other things, the questionnaire asked for the names of all employees and contractors who attended meetings of the Interagency Working Group on the Social Cost of Carbon, as well as all emails associated with those meetings, and the department’s “opinion” on the underlying issues — a request it essentially refused.Link

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Long-term Carbon Policy: The Great Swap

Long-term Carbon Policy: The Great Swap. Joseph Aldy, November 2016, Paper, “In the past two decdes, the mounting risks posed by climate change have motivated businesses, cities, states, national governments, and the international community to pledge to take action to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Given the scale of the problem, the breadth of action must be effective and must set the foundation for increasing mitigation efforts over time. Thus, delivering on these pledges will require effective policies to drive the deployment of low-carbon technologies today and technological innovation in the future to ramp ambition up on par with the risks of climate change.Link

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Federal Coal Program Reform, the Clean Power Plan, and the Interaction of Upstream and Downstream Climate Policies

Federal Coal Program Reform, the Clean Power Plan, and the Interaction of Upstream and Downstream Climate Policies. James Stock, April 2016, Paper. “Coal mined on federally managed lands accounts for approximately 40% of U.S. coal consumption and 13% of total U.S. energy-related CO2 emissions. The U.S. Department of the Interior is undertaking a programmatic review of federal coal leasing, including the climate effects of burning federal coal. This paper studies the interaction between a specific upstream policy, incorporating a carbon adder into federal coal royalties, and downstream emissions regulation under the Clean Power Plan (CPP). After providing some comparative statics, we present quantitative results from a detailed dynamic model of the power sector, the Integrated Planning Model (IPM). The IPM analysis indicates that, in the absence of the CPP, a royalty adder equal to the social cost of carbon could reduce emissions by roughly 3/4 of the emissions reduction that the CPP is projected to achieve.Link

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Divestment Alone Won’t Beat Climate Change

Divestment Alone Won’t Beat Climate Change, George Serafeim, September 4, 2014, Opinion, The fossil fuel divestment movement – an increasingly popular approach with environmentalists — primarily tries to convince pension funds, university endowments, and other asset holders that their investments in oil and coal are unethical because of impact of fossil fuel emissions on the world’s climate. Proponents argue that divestment is a symbolic statement that can discourage fossil fuel consumption by stigmatizing the industry. Despite its recent successes, we believe this approach is limited. Both of us have done work on sustainable development and are keen to see a transition away from fossil fuels in order to limit climate change. But divestment alone is not the answer. Link

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