Found 14 article(s) for author 'Capitalism'

Business, Ethics and Institutions: The Evolution of Turkish Capitalism in Global Perspectives

Business, Ethics and Institutions: The Evolution of Turkish Capitalism in Global Perspectives. , 2019, Book, “This book is the first systematic scholarly study on the business history of Turkey and its predecessor the Ottoman Empire from the nineteenth century until the present. It places the distinctive characteristics of capitalism in Turkey within a global and comparative perspective, addressing three related issues. First, it examines the institutional context that shaped capitalist development in Turkey. Second, it focuses on the corporate actors, entrepreneurs, and business enterprises that have led national economic growth. Third, it explores the ethical foundations and social responsibility of business enterprises in Turkey.Link

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Crony Capitalism in the Middle East

Crony Capitalism in the Middle East: Business and Politics from Liberalization to the Arab Spring. Ishac Diwan, June 2019, Book, “The popular uprisings in 2011 that overthrew Arab dictators were also a rebuke to crony capitalism, diverted against both rulers and their allied businessmen who monopolize all economic opportunities. While the Middle East has witnessed a growing nexus between business and politics in the wake of liberalization, little is discussed about the nature of business cronies, the sectors in which they operate, the mechanisms used to favour them, and the possible impact of such crony relations on the region’s development. Combining inputs from leading scholars in the field, Crony Capitalism in the Middle East: Business and Politics from Liberalization to the Arab Spring presents a wealth of empirical evidence on the form and function of this aspect of the region.Link

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The Unconventional Capitalism That Shapes Business History

The Unconventional Capitalism That Shapes Business History. Geoffrey Jones, May 15, 2019, Opinion, “In thinking about the current contested state of global capitalism, and what to do about it, much can be learned from the debates I heard at the recent Harvard Business School conference, Seeking the Unconventional in Forging Histories of Capitalism, which assembled a stellar and diverse cast of historians, management researchers, and others.  As co-organizer of the event with HBS Professor Tarun Khanna and Harvard-Newcomen Fellow Sudev J. Sheth, I was thrilled as participants explored, tested, and celebrated unconventional ideas, research topics and methodologies. Too often scholarly–and other–critiques of capitalism and big business resort to stereotypes and generalizations, sweeping the good, the bad, and the ugly into an amorphous single entity. Engaging seriously with the past can be liberating and provide a refreshing lens to think about the future.Link

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Unequal Europe: Regional Integration and the Rise of European Inequality

Unequal Europe: Regional Integration and the Rise of European Inequality. Jason Beckfield, 2019, Book, “Argues that European integration causes the convergence and retrenchment of European welfare states. Shows that regional integration has important effects on European welfare states and income inequality in Europe over and above those of globalization. Develops the concept of “technocratic capitalism” as an interpretation of a predominant form of capitalism in the EU over the last thirty years.Link

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New Perspectives on the History of Political Economy

New Perspectives on the History of Political Economy. Sophus Reinert, 2018, Book, “This volume offers a snapshot of the resurgent historiography of political economy in the wake of the ongoing global financial crisis, and suggests fruitful new agendas for research on the political-economic nexus as it has developed in the Western world since the end of the Middle Ages. New Perspectives on the History of Political Economy brings together a select group of young and established scholars from a wide variety of disciplinary backgrounds—history, economics, law, and political science—in an effort to begin a re-conceptualization of the origins and history of political economy through a variety of still largely distinct but complementary historical approaches—legal and intellectual, literary and philosophical, political and economic—and from a variety of related perspectives: debt and state finance, tariffs and tax policy, the encouragement and discouragement of trade, merchant communities and companies, smuggling and illicit trades, mercantile and colonial systems, economic cultures, and the history of economic doctrines more narrowly construed.Link

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American Danger: United States Empire, Eurafrica, and the Territorialization of Industrial Capitalism, 1870–1950

American Danger: United States Empire, Eurafrica, and the Territorialization of Industrial Capitalism, 1870–1950. Sven Beckert, October 2017, Paper, “During the last third of the nineteenth century, a debate emerged in a number of European countries on the “American danger.” Responding to the rapid rise of the United States as the world’s most important economy, some European observers feared their nations’ declining competitiveness in the face of the territorial extent of the United States, and its ability to integrate a dynamic industrial sector with ample raw material supplies, agriculture commodities, markets, and labor into one national economy. This “second great divergence” provoked a range of responses, as statesmen, capitalists, and intellectuals advocated for territorial rearrangements of various European economies, a discussion that lasted with greater or lesser intensity from the 1870s to the 1950s.Link

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Firms, crowds, and innovation

Firms, crowds, and innovation. Karim Lakhani, May 2017, Paper, “The purpose of this article is to suggest a (preliminary) taxonomy and research agenda for the topic of “firms, crowds, and innovation” and to provide an introduction to the associated special issue. We specifically discuss how various crowd-related phenomena and practices–for example, crowdsourcing, crowdfunding, user innovation, and peer production–relate to theories of the firm, with particular attention on “sociality” in firms and markets. We first briefly review extant theories of the firm and then discuss three theoretical aspects of sociality related to crowds in the context of strategy, organizations, and innovation: (1) the functions of sociality (sociality as extension of rationality, sociality as sensing and signaling, sociality as matching and identity), (2) the forms of sociality (independent/aggregate and interacting/emergent forms of sociality), and (3) the failures of sociality (misattribution and misapplication). We conclude with an outline of future research directions and introduce the special issue papers and essays.Link

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Trump’s Carrier deal could permanently damage American capitalism

Trump’s Carrier deal could permanently damage American capitalism. Lawrence Summers, December 2, 2016, Opinion, “There are many aspects of the economic policy of the new administration that I find misguided. But I am most troubled by what President-elect Donald Trump did with Carrier to hold on to an extra 700 jobs in Indiana. Ronald Reagan’s response to the air traffic controllers’ strike was a small act that had profound consequences. I fear in a similar way that the negotiation with Carrier is a small thing that is actually a very big thing — a change very much for the worse with regards to the operating assumptions of American capitalism.Link

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Shared Capitalism: What is it and What Does it Do?

Shared Capitalism: What is it and What Does it Do? Richard Freeman, December 2016, Paper, “We all know that people respond to incentives. Economics 101 teaches that workers put forth greater effort when these efforts are rewarded financially, and top talent tends to gravitate toward jobs and firms where rewards are geared to performance. For the most part, however, the research that’s led us to these conclusions has focused on performance incentives for individual workers, such as piece rates, merit pay, individual commissions, or bonuses.Link

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