Found 22 article(s) for author 'Calestous Juma'

Exponential Innovation and Human Rights: Implications for Science and Technology Diplomacy

Exponential Innovation and Human Rights: Implications for Science and Technology Diplomacy. Calestous Juma, February 27, 2018, Paper, “The international community has historically maintained hope that advances in science and technology offer humanity a wide range of options for improving its well-being. Recently anxieties arising from rapid advancement in science and technology and the emergence of new global business models have re-opened debates on the relations between exponential innovation and human rights. The search for inclusive innovation models has led to the need to rethink traditional views about concepts such as “a technology transfer” that continue to underpin international negotiations, especially under the United Nations (UN).Link

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Moving beyond the green revolution in Africa’s new era of hunger

Moving beyond the green revolution in Africa’s new era of hunger. Calestous Juma, December 7, 2017, Paper, “A quarter of the world’s hungry people are in sub-Saharan Africa and the numbers are growing. Between 2015 and 2016, the number of hungry – those in distress and unable to access enough calories for a healthy and productive life – grew from 20.8% to 22.7%. The number of undernourished rose from 200 million to 224 million out of a total population of 1.2 billion.Link

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How Africa can negotiate an effective continental free trade area agreement

How Africa can negotiate an effective continental free trade area agreement. Calestous Juma, November 14, 2017, Opinion, “African countries are forging ahead to complete negotiations for a continental free trade area between 55 countries by early next year. The idea, adopted by the African Union in 2012, is to create a single market which includes the free movement of goods, services and people. The integrated African market covers 1.2 billion people and a combined GDP of over USD$3.5 trillion.Link

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Harvard Hosts Forum on Feeding the Planet During Climate Change

Harvard Hosts Forum on Feeding the Planet During Climate Change. Calestous Juma, December 19, 2016, Video, “A forum on “The Future of Food, Feeding the Planet During Climate Change” took place at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and was presented jointly with the Public Radio International program, “The World,” and WGBH on Tuesday, December 13.Link

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Why Important Innovations Stall

Why Important Innovations Stall. Calestous Juma, July 6, 2016, Opinion. “Disruptive, transformative technologies are being introduced at an accelerating pace, fuelling opposition that impedes forms of innovation needed to meet profound challenges such as climate change, poverty and world hunger, says a new study from Harvard University.Link

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Innovation and Its Discontents

Innovation and Its Discontents. Calestous Juma, July 1, 2016, Opinion. “Technological innovation is often extolled for its power to overcome major development challenges, fuel economic growth, and propel societies forward. Yet innovations frequently face high barriers to implementation, with governments sometimes banning new technologies outright – even those that could bring far-reaching benefits.Link

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Why our stereotypes of African agriculture are all wrong

Why our stereotypes of African agriculture are all wrong. Calestous Juma, June 1, 2016, Opinion, “From newspaper editors to TV anchors to bloggers, the default symbol of African agriculture is an African woman holding a hand hoe. This imagery highlights the drudgery African women face in farming. But it also conflates family farming with the broader agricultural enterprise.Link

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Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies

Innovation and Its Enemies: Why People Resist New Technologies. Calestous Juma, 2016, Book. “The rise of artificial intelligence has rekindled a long-standing debate regarding the impact of technology on employment. This is just one of many areas where exponential advances in technology signal both hope and fear, leading to public controversy. This book shows that many debates over new technologies are framed in the context of risks to moral values, human health, and environmental safety. But it argues that behind these legitimate concerns often lie deeper, but unacknowledged, socioeconomic considerations. Technological tensions are often heightened by perceptions that the benefits of new technologies will accrue only to small sections of society while the risks will be more widely distributed. Similarly, innovations that threaten to alter cultural identities tend to generate intense social concern. As such, societies that exhibit great economic and political inequities are likely to experience heightened technological controversies.Link

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Education, Research, and Innovation in Africa

Education, Research, and Innovation in Africa. Calestous Juma, February 2016, Paper. “Africa is a youthful continent: nearly 41% of its population is under the age of 18. To address the unique challenges of this demographic structure, the African Union (AU) has adopted a 50-year Agenda 2063 to help guide the socioeconomic transformation of the continent with particular reference to the youth. One of the objectives of Agenda 2063 is to reposition the continent as a strategic player in the global economy through improved education and application of science and technology in development. The AU’s Science, Technology and Innovation Strategy for Africa, 2024 (STISA-2024) provides an intial 10-year framework for pursuing this goal.Link

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Enterprises as Innovation Schools

Enterprises as Innovation Schools. Calestous Juma, August/September 2015, Paper. “The article discusses the importance of entrepreneurship for economic transformation & job creation in Africa. It informs that mobile technology is one of major technological platform for enterprise development in Africa. It highlights business models which facilitate the acquisition of manufacturing capabilities. It highlights challenges faced by African countries to identify technology-based enterprises and promote industrial development.Link

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