Found 15 article(s) for author 'Amartya Sen'

The Political Economy of Hunger: On Reasoning and Participation

The Political Economy of Hunger: On Reasoning and Participation. Amartya Sen, April 2019, Paper, “Sen’s essay concerns the existence of extensive hunger amidst unprecedented global prosperity in the contemporary world, but he argues that the problem would be decisively solvable if our response were no longer shaped by Malthusian pessimism. Effective famine prevention does not turn on food supply per head and the automatic mechanism of the market: there can be plenty of food while large sections of the population lack the means to obtain it. Effective famine prevention thus requires “entitlements.” Economically, governments can and should provide public employment programs so that those threatened by famine can be empowered to command food. Politically, democratic participation and a free press can work to ensure government accountability for famine prevention. The choice that Sen urges, however, is not for the state over the market—the experience of the Indian state of Kerala demonstrates that a voluntaristic approach can work as well or better than China’s compulsory “one child policy” in limiting the rapid population growth that contributes to world hunger. Rather, a reasoned solution to the problem of hunger must acknowledge the complementary importance of both well-functioning markets and open and democratic public action.Link

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The Future of Economic and Social Rights – Foreword

The Future of Economic and Social Rights – Foreword. Amartya Sen, 2019, Book Chapter, “The future of economic and social rights is unlikely to resemble its past. Neglected within the human rights movement, avoided by courts, and subsumed within a single-minded conception of development as economic growth, economic and social rights enjoyed an uncertain status in international human rights law and in the public laws of most countries. However, today, under conditions of immense poverty, insecurity, and political instability, the rights to education, health care, housing, social security, food, water, and sanitation are central components of the human rights agenda. The Future of Economic and Social Rights captures the significant transformations occurring in the theory and practice of economic and social rights, in constitutional and human rights law. Professor Katharine G. Young brings together a group of distinguished scholars from diverse disciplines to examine and advance the broad research field of economic and social rights that incorporates legal, political science, economic, philosophy and anthropology scholars.Link

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Ethics and the Foundation of Global Justice

Ethics and the Foundation of Global Justice. Amartya Sen, September 8, 2017, Paper, “Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., wrote in his Letter from Birmingham Jail: “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.” That was in April 1963, more than a half-century ago. He had been jailed for his agitation to end injustice against non-white people in his own country, and he would be killed soon after by an assassin who hated him and his vision.Link

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PM Narendra Modi’s Notes Ban Neither Intelligent Nor Humane: Amartya Sen To NDTV

PM Narendra Modi’s Notes Ban Neither Intelligent Nor Humane: Amartya Sen To NDTV. Amartya Sen, November 30, 2016, Video, “Despotic and authoritarian” is how Nobel Laureate and Bharat Ratna Amartya Sen describes the decision to abruptly ban 500- and 1000-rupee notes. “The alleged objective of dealing with black money is something all Indians would laud. But we have to ask whether this is the good way to do it? This decision is about minimal achievement and maximal suffering,” Dr Sen said, appearing from Harvard University on NDTV’s The Buck Stops Here.Link

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Happiness and social institutions

Happiness and social institutions. Amartya Sen, 2016, Book Chapter, “Dante lamented in The Divine Comedy, ‘Born to ascend on the wings, / Why do we fall at such a little wind?’1 Why indeed? The contrast between the great things human beings can achieve and how limited the lives most men and women end up having is truly remarkable. Dante’s question, from the early fourteenth century, remains very much alive even today. The potentialities of human beings to lead a good life, to be contented and happy, to be free to choose the kind of life they want to have far exceed what typically we, in fact, manage to do.Link

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The Dark Shadow

The Dark Shadow. Amartya Sen, June 14, 2016, Opinion. “It cannot be said that the European ­Union is doing particularly well at this time. Its economic performance has been mostly terrible, with high unemployment and low economic expansion, and the political union itself is showing many signs of fragility. It is not hard to understand the temptation of many in Britain to call it a day and “go home”. And yet it would be a huge mistake for Britain to leave the EU. The losses would be great, and the gains quite puny. And the “home” to go back to no longer exists in the way it did when Britannia ruled the waves.Link

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Progress and Public Reasoning

Progress and Public Reasoning. Amartya Sen, 2015, Book Chapter. “Central to the exercise of evaluation of progress is the conception of human beings. The impotance of greater fulfillment of people’s needs has been rightly emphasized by a number of leading thinkers. And yet the idea can be further enriched by invoking a fuller conception of humanity. People do have needs but they also have values, and in particular cherish their ability to choose, act, argue, agree or disagree – and most importantly reason alone and reason with others…Link

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Amartya Sen: The Economic Consequences of Austerity

Amartya Sen: The Economic Consequences of Austerity. Amartya Sen, June 4, 2015, Opinion. “On 5 June 1919, John Maynard Keynes wrote to the prime minister of Britain, David Lloyd George, “I ought to let you know that on Saturday I am slipping away from this scene of nightmare. I can do no more good here.” Thus ended Keynes’s role as the official representative of the British Treasury at the Paris Peace Conference. It liberated Keynes from complicity in the Treaty of Versailles (to be signed later that month), which he detested. Why did Keynes dislike a treaty that ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers…Link

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