Clean Water Act Brief. Robert Stavins, Richard Zeckhauser, July 21, 2008, Brief. “As economists, we believe that the Second Circuit’s ruling, by not allowing the consideration of important information about the relationships between the benefits and costs of alternatives, is economically unsound. In particular, we believe that, as a general principle, regulators cannot make rational decisions unless they are allowed to compare costs and benefits and to use the results, along with other factors as appropriate, to choose among alternatives. To the extent permissible under the statute and case law, EPA should be allowed to consider benefits…” Link