The Basque Country: Strategy for Economic Development. Michael E. Porter, Christian H.M. Ketels, January 2013, Case. “The Basque country, with a population of 2.1 million and covering 7,233 square kilometers, is an autonomous region located in the north of Spain, physically separated from it by the Pyrenees Mountains. Presents the history of the region—highly prosperous at the turn of the 20th century, but nearing bankruptcy by the 1950s. By 2001, the Basque GDP per capita had risen to a level well ahead of Spain and most European countries…” May require purchase or user account. Link Verified October 12, 2014