Whither American Exceptionalism? Niall Ferguson, 2018, Book Chapter, “When you give an essay a title like “Whither American exceptionalism?” there is obviously a joke to be made. Is American exceptionalism withering? Th at is really the question that I want to pose. Let me fi rst talk a little bit about economic and political history, and tell you what has not been exceptional about American history. Let us look at population fi gures since the time of the early republic (see figure 1); the gray line is the population of the United States. Th e x- axis is on a logarithmic scale so that we can fi t China in. Th is story is a clear- cut one.Link