Found 711 article(s) in category 'Regulation'

Let’s Roll Back the Hyper-globalization Rules of the WTO

Let’s Roll Back the Hyper-globalization Rules of the WTO. Dani Rodrik, August 20, 2018, “The backlash against globalization seems, in the end, not to be about the comparative advantages of trade but about the overriding of domestic policy choices by a global tribunal, the World Trade Organization (WTO), which, as you put it, reaches too far into the democratic sovereignty of nations, each with their own economic models, and thus into the well-being of their citizens.Link

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Harnessing University Strengths in Multi-Sectoral Collaborations for Planetary Health

Harnessing University Strengths in Multi-Sectoral Collaborations for Planetary Health. Calestous Juma, August 2918, Paper, “While significant achievements in human health have been made globally, progress has been made possible, in part, through unconstrained use of natural resources. As the health of our planet worsens, human health is also endangered. Scholars and policymakers from diverse disciplines highlighted complex, multi-sectoral approaches for addressing poor dietary intake, over- and under-nutrition, and increasing chronic diseases in sub-Saharan Africa at the “Agriculture, Nutrition, Health, and the Environment in Africa” Conference held at Harvard University on November 6th and 7th, 2017.Link

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The Cost of Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions

The Cost of Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions, James Stock, August 2, 2018, Paper, “This paper reviews the cost of various interventions that reduce greenhouse gas emissions. As much as possible we focus on actual abatement costs (dollars per ton of carbon dioxide avoided), as measured by 50 economic studies of programs over the past decade, supplemented by our own calculations. We distinguish between static costs, which occur over the lifetime of the project, and dynamic costs, which incorporate spillovers. Interventions or policies that are expensive in a static sense can be inexpensive in a dynamic sense if they induce innovation and learning-by-doing.Link

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The Budgetary Effects of Ending Drug Prohibition

The Budgetary Effects of Ending Drug Prohibition.  Jeffrey Miron, July 23, 2018, Paper, “In the past several years, the national movement to end drug prohibition has accelerated. Nine states and Washington, DC, have legalized recreational marijuana, with at least three more states (Connecticut, Michigan, and Ohio) likely to vote on legalization by the end of 2018. Dozens of others have decriminalized the substance or permitted it for medicinal use. Moreover, amid the nation’s ongoing opioid crisis, some advocates and politicians are calling to decriminalize drugs more broadly and rethink our approach to drug enforcement.Link

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Modern Trafficking, Slavery, and Other Forms of Servitude

Modern Trafficking, Slavery, and Other Forms of Servitude. Orlando Patterson, Orlando Patterson, July 2018, Paper, “The claim that there has been a remarkable revival of slavery, other forms of forced labor, and human trafficking in our times has inspired widespread activism and a vast body of popular and academic works. Although the conflation of terms, exaggerated empirical claims, and a shortage of evidence-based work have prompted legitimate scholarly skepticism, modern trafficking and forms of servitude do present urgent problems for researchers, lawmakers and reformers.Link

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Debunking myth: economic values in the Arab World through the prism of opinion polls

Debunking myth: economic values in the Arab World through the prism of opinion polls. Ishac Diwan, June 2018, Paper, “Using World Value Survey opinion poll data, we empirically characterize the economic values and norms held by individuals in the Arab world, in comparison to values held in the rest of the world. We find that, contrary to some common beliefs, there are many values that predispose citizens of Arab countries to be part of a market economy, including a high level of work ethics, comfort with competition and the work of markets, and a high level of economic motivation.Link

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Knowledge integrators and the survival of manufacturing clusters

Knowledge integrators and the survival of manufacturing clusters. Gary Pisano, June 26, 2018, Paper, “Over the past two decades, the greater prevalence of global supply chains has had contrasting effects on Western manufacturing clusters. While some of them dwindled, others proved resilient. Contributing to the recent literature on co-located clusters and clusters’ linkages, we focus on the impact of lead firms’ strategies on the competitiveness of a pair of ‘twin’ clusters located in Northeast Italy. Our findings suggest that production remains ‘sticky’ when leading firms pursue ‘process-embedded’ innovation by integrating global market and local technical knowledge. We refer to this type of firm as a Knowledge Integrator and discuss how its strategy supports the competitiveness of localized suppliers.Link

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