Found 766 article(s) in category 'Regulation'

Democrats And Republicans Should Agree On How To Solve The Coronavirus

Democrats And Republicans Should Agree On How To Solve The Coronavirus. Jason Furman, April 5, 2020, Opinion, “During the novel coronavirus outbreak, the burden on public health systems in states experiencing severe outbreaks could make these financial pressures even worse. Among the four of us, one of us served in President Trump’s administration and two of us served in President Obama’s administration. Two of us are doctors and two of us are economists. All four of us strongly believe that one of the many critical steps Congress should take to slow the spread of the COVID-19 disease, help the families and communities most affected by it, and aid the overall economy would be to increase the federal matching rate for the Medicaid program.Link

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International Society as a Historical Subject

International Society as a Historical Subject. Erez Manela, 2020, Paper, “For quite some time now, historians have been venturing well beyond the spatial and methodological enclosures of nation-states that had long defined the modern discipline, writing more history that is variously described as international, transnational, transregional, global, or world history.1 In a certain sense, the recent turn to histories that go beyond a single nation or region is actually a return. After all, the concern with history that transcends national enclosures goes back to the origins of the modern discipline, and Leopold von Ranke himself had written about the need to write a weltgeschichte that would go beyond national boundaries.2 Still, the historical profession, to an unusual extent among the disciplines that study human societies, has long been divided into geographically defined subfields structured around national or regional enclosures. There are compelling methodological reasons for this, not least the emphasis that historians place on the acquisition of language skills and other forms of knowledge specific to a single society or region.Link

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Top Doctor On Why A Lockdown Is Essential To Combat Coronavirus

Top Doctor On Why A Lockdown Is Essential To Combat Coronavirus. Eric Feigl-Ding, March 31, 2020,Video, “The Harvard epidemiologist who first earned of a coronavirus pandemic on the 20th of January, today spoke exclusively to NDTV. Dr Eric Feigl-Ding spoke of why a lockdown is essential, what more needs to be done and the controversy over whether the virus is airborne and whether the tuberculosis vaccine can help fight COVID-19.Link

 

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Health Care Markets a Decade After the ACA: Bigger, but Probably Not Better

Health Care Markets a Decade After the ACA: Bigger, but Probably Not Better. Leemore Dafny, 2020, Book Chapter, “Love it or hate it, the Affordable Care Act (ACA) embraced and extended the role of private markets in financing and delivering health-care in the United States. Ten years after the ACA’s passage, it is unclear whether health-care markets are better (along a range of dimensions, including delivering health per dollar spent), but there is no doubt that they are bigger. While growth in the share of U.S. GDP devoted to health-care has slowed since the ACA, the absolute level has risen from 16.3 percent in 2008 (before the ACA had taken shape) to 17.9 percent in 2017, the most recent year for which data are currently available. Between 2008 and 2015 (five years following the ACA), the S&P 500 Health Care Index more than doubled. By comparison, the S&P 500 Index (spanning all sectors) increased only forty-five percent during the same period, notwithstanding its greater sensitivity to the economic recovery following the 2009 recession.Link

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Bloomberg Opinion Radio: Weekend Edition for 3-27-20

Bloomberg Opinion Radio: Weekend Edition for 3-27-20. Noah Feldman, March 27, 2020, Audio, “Hosted by June Grasso. Guests: Noah Smith, Bloomberg Opinion columnist: “How to Limit Hoarding and Keep America’s Hands Clean.” Noah Feldman, Harvard Law Professor and Bloomberg Opinion columnist: “California’s Stay-at-Home Order Is a Legal Mess.” Tara Lachapalle, Bloomberg Opinion media columnist: “ESPN’s Coronavirus Slate Seems Like a Stretch.” Jonathan Bernstein, Bloomberg Opinion columnist: “Deflecting Blame Won’t Pay Off for Trump.” Tyler Cowen, Professor of Economics at George Mason University and a Bloomberg View columnist: “The Coronavirus Killed the Progressive Left.” Link

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Trump is missing the big picture on the economy

Trump is missing the big picture on the economy. Lawrence Summers, March 24, 2020, Opinion, “As an economist, I am normally enthusiastic when presidents or other political leaders emphasize the economic aspect of public policy issues. I am all for economic growth, cost benefit analyses, trade agreements, more flexible markets and prudent deregulation. Yet I am appalled by President Trump’s invocation of economic arguments as a basis for overriding the judgments of public health experts about battling the coronavirus pandemic.Link

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Novel Risks

Novel Risks. Robert Kaplan, Dutch Leonard, 2020, Paper, “All organizations now practice some form of risk management to identify and assess routine risks for compliance; in their operations, supply chains, and strategy; and from envisioned external events. These risk management policies, however, fail when employees do not recognize the potential for novel risks to occur during apparently routine operations. Novel risks – arising from circumstances that haven’t been thought of or seen before – make routine risk management ineffective, and, more seriously, delude management into thinking that risks have been mitigated when, in fact, novel risks can escalate to serious if not fatal consequences. The paper discusses why well-known behavioral and organizational biases cause novel risks to go unrecognized and unmitigated. Based on best practices in several organizations, the paper describes the processes that private and public entities can institute to identify and manage novel risks. These risks require organizations to launch adaptive and nimble responses to avoid being trapped in routines that are inadequate or even counterproductive when novel circumstances arise.Link

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A Proposal to Cap Provider Prices and Price Growth in the Commercial Health-Care Market

A Proposal to Cap Provider Prices and Price Growth in the Commercial Health-Care Market. Michael Chernew, Leemore Dafny, March 2020, Paper, “This policy proposal is a proposal from the author(s). As emphasized in The Hamilton Project’s original strategy paper, the Project was designed in part to provide a forum for leading thinkers across the nation to put forward innovative and potentially important economic policy ideas that share the Project’s broad goals of promoting economic growth, broad-based participation in growth, and economic security. The author(s) are invited to express their own ideas in policy papers, whether or not the Project’s staff or advisory council agrees with the specific proposals. This policy paper is offered in that spirit.Link

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Reducing Administrative Costs in U.S. Health Care

Reducing Administrative Costs in U.S. Health Care. David Cutler, March 2020, Paper, “This policy proposal is a proposal from the author(s). As emphasized in The Hamilton Project’s original strategy paper, the Project was designed in part to provide a forum for leading thinkers across the nation to put forward innovative and potentially important economic policy ideas that share the Project’s broad goals of promoting economic growth, broad-based participation in growth, and economic security. The author(s) are invited to express their own ideas in policy papers, whether or not the Project’s staff or advisory council agrees with the specific proposals. This policy paper is offered in that spirit.Link

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Electricity Market Design and Green Energy

Electricity Market Design and Green Energy. William Hogan, March 13, 2020, Paper, “An efficient short-run electricity market determines a market clearing price based on conditions of supply and demand balanced in an economic dispatch. Everyone pays or is paid the same price. The thought experiment of a no-carbon/zero-variable-cost, green energy supply reveals that the basic efficiency principles still apply. The same principles apply in an electric network.Link

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