Found 471 article(s) in category 'Monetary Policy'

Venezuela Has a Refugee Crisis Of Syrian Magnitudes

Venezuela Has a Refugee Crisis Of Syrian Magnitudes. Ricardo Hausmann, May 21, 2018, Audio, “Ricardo Hausmann, Harvard economist and Former Minister of Planning for Venezuela, discusses Venezuela’s elections and economic outlook.Alan Bjerga, agriculture reporter for Bloomberg, on how the agriculture sector is hurting from GOP policies on trade, NAFTA, and the rejection of farm legislation in the House.Travis Briggs, CEO of ROBO Global, on investing in robotics, automation and AI. Brooke Sutherland, Industrials and Deals columnist for Bloomberg Opinion, on GE merging its century-old locomotive business with Wabtec Corp. in a deal valued at $11.1 billion.Link

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Normalizing Monetary Policy

Normalizing Monetary Policy. Martin Feldstein, Spring/Summer 2018, Opinion, “The current focus of Federal Reserve policy is on “normalization” of monetary policy—that is, on increasing short-term interest rates and shrinking the size of the Fed’s balance sheet. Short-term interest rates are exceptionally low, and the Fed’s balance sheet has exploded from $800 billion in 2008 to $4.4 trillion now.Link

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Trade Invoicing, Bank Funding, and Central Bank Reserve Holdings

Trade Invoicing, Bank Funding, and Central Bank Reserve Holdings. Gita Gopinath, Jeremy Stein, May 2018, Paper, “We develop a model that shows how the currency denomination of a country’s imports influences the funding structure of its banking system, and in turn, the currency composition of its central bank’s reserve holdings. The link between the dollar’s role in bank funding and its role as a central bank reserve currency is stronger when the country’s fiscal capacity is limited, and when exchange rates are volatile. In the data, there is a pronounced cross-country relationship between the fraction of imports that are dollar invoiced, and the fraction of central-bank foreign-exchange reserves that are held in dollars.Link

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Tax Reform, Round One

Tax Reform, Round One. Mihir Desai, May-June 2018, Opinion, “The Trump Administration’s successful efforts at tax legislation stand out as the primary achievement of its first year. But the hurried, largely furtive drafting, and rush to passage at the end of 2017, have helped obscure the new tax regime’s real impact. Much of the reporting and debate has focused on the politicking that went into passing the bill, and the purported effect on the federal budget deficit.Link

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The boom in Puerto Rican debt has nothing to do with reality

The boom in Puerto Rican debt has nothing to do with reality. Lawrence Summers, April 17, 2018, Opinion, “Desmond Lachman, Brad Setser and Antonio Weiss have written a very strong analysis of the Puerto Rico situation. If ever there was a disconnect between underlying reality and what is happening in financial markets, it is the boom in Puerto Rican debt that has nearly doubled the value of some of its debt securities during the past few months.” Link

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Taxes for health: evidence clears the air

Taxes for health: evidence clears the air. Lawrence Summers, April 5, 2018, Opinion, “Although this argument may look appealing, clear thinking combined with good evidence reveals its many fallacies. An ethical judgment about taxing harmful products cannot rely on the question of tax regressivity alone. Rather, it requires consideration of all the effects, including the associated health…Link

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Continuing Relevance of Secular Stagnation

Continuing Relevance of Secular Stagnation. Lawrence Summers, March 13, 2018, Paper, “With the election of Donald Trump, increases in interest rates and stock prices and a possible uptick in growth interest in the secular stagnation hypothesis has waned. I argue this is a misreading of current reality. First, there may well be slack in the economy; Second, there is every reason to believe that neutral real rates have declined on a semi-permanent basis and that this will have major implications for economic performance going forward; Third, the kind of “sugar high” we are now seeing in markets is exactly what we would expect to see if neutral rates had, in fact, declined; Fourth, markets continue to forecast well below target inflation in the industrial world.Link

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