Found 479 article(s) in category 'Monetary Policy'

Is tax reform working? Not if you’re a worker in need of a raise

Is tax reform working? Not if you’re a worker in need of a raise. Jason Furman, July 10, 2018, Opinion, “We now have about six months of macroeconomic data since the passage of the 2017 tax cut, reform, scam, or whatever you want to call it — since the “Tax Cut and Jobs Act” name was removed in the amendment process.Link

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Too-Tight Fed Policy Greater Risk Than Inflation

Too-Tight Fed Policy Greater Risk Than Inflation. Lawrence Summers, July 1, 2018, Video, “Former U.S. Treasury Secretary Lawrence Summers said Federal Reserve interest-rate hikes that slow the nearly decade-long expansion are a greater risk to the economy than inflation. “Is the strategy one of relying on the Phillips curve and trying to preempt inflation, or is the strategy one of trying to let the economy grow as much as possible and respond to inflation problems as they arise,” Summers said in an interview Wednesday on Bloomberg Television. “I would very much favor the second.”Link

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Interest Rate Conundrums in the 21st Century

Interest Rate Conundrums in the 21st Century. Samuel Hanson, June 13, 2018, Paper, “A large literature argues that long-term nominal interest rates react far more to high-frequency (daily or monthly) movements in short-term rates than is predicted by the standard expectations hypothesis. We find that, since 2000, this high-frequency sensitivity has grown even stronger in U.S. data. By contrast, the association between low-frequency changes (at 6- or 12-month horizons) in short- and long-term rates, which was equally strong before 2000, has weakened substantially. As a result, “conundrums”—defined as 6- or 12-month periods in which short and long rates move in opposite directions—have become increasingly common.Link

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How Democratic Is the Euro?

How Democratic Is the Euro? Dani Rodrik, June 11, 2018, Opinion, “If the European Union is to remain viable and democratic at the same time, policymakers will have to pay closer attention to the demanding requirements of delegating decisions to unelected bodies. They should promote such a delegation of sovereignty only when it truly enhances the long-term performance of their democracies.Link

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Venezuela Has a Refugee Crisis Of Syrian Magnitudes

Venezuela Has a Refugee Crisis Of Syrian Magnitudes. Ricardo Hausmann, May 21, 2018, Audio, “Ricardo Hausmann, Harvard economist and Former Minister of Planning for Venezuela, discusses Venezuela’s elections and economic outlook.Alan Bjerga, agriculture reporter for Bloomberg, on how the agriculture sector is hurting from GOP policies on trade, NAFTA, and the rejection of farm legislation in the House.Travis Briggs, CEO of ROBO Global, on investing in robotics, automation and AI. Brooke Sutherland, Industrials and Deals columnist for Bloomberg Opinion, on GE merging its century-old locomotive business with Wabtec Corp. in a deal valued at $11.1 billion.Link

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Normalizing Monetary Policy

Normalizing Monetary Policy. Martin Feldstein, Spring/Summer 2018, Opinion, “The current focus of Federal Reserve policy is on “normalization” of monetary policy—that is, on increasing short-term interest rates and shrinking the size of the Fed’s balance sheet. Short-term interest rates are exceptionally low, and the Fed’s balance sheet has exploded from $800 billion in 2008 to $4.4 trillion now.Link

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Trade Invoicing, Bank Funding, and Central Bank Reserve Holdings

Trade Invoicing, Bank Funding, and Central Bank Reserve Holdings. Gita Gopinath, Jeremy Stein, May 2018, Paper, “We develop a model that shows how the currency denomination of a country’s imports influences the funding structure of its banking system, and in turn, the currency composition of its central bank’s reserve holdings. The link between the dollar’s role in bank funding and its role as a central bank reserve currency is stronger when the country’s fiscal capacity is limited, and when exchange rates are volatile. In the data, there is a pronounced cross-country relationship between the fraction of imports that are dollar invoiced, and the fraction of central-bank foreign-exchange reserves that are held in dollars.Link

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