Found 563 article(s) in category 'Monetary Policy'

Christine Lagarde enters the European Central Bank at a perilous moment

Christine Lagarde enters the European Central Bank at a perilous moment. Lawrence Summers, July 9, 2019, Opinion, “The announcement last week that Christine Lagarde would be leaving her post as managing director of the International Monetary Fund to become president of the European Central Bank marks what may be the most important change in the leadership of the international financial system in decades. At a time when the United States is abdicating its systemic responsibilities and focusing only on narrow commercial interests, the role Lagarde is leaving and the one she is entering are of preeminent importance.Link

 

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Carmen Reinhart Discusses Global Economic Risks

Carmen Reinhart Discusses Global Economic Risks. Carmen Reinhart, June 28, 2019, Audio, “Carmen Reinhart, economist and the Minos A. Zombanakis Professor of the International Financial System at Harvard Kennedy School, discusses the panorama of risks facing the global economy. She speaks with Bloomberg Global Economics and Policy editor Kathleen Hayes on “Politics, Policy, Power and Law.”Link

 

 

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Be very skeptical about how much revenue Elizabeth Warren’s wealth tax could generate

Be very skeptical about how much revenue Elizabeth Warren’s wealth tax could generate. Lawrence Summers, June 28, 2019, Opinion, “Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., has made her proposed 2 percent wealth tax on those worth more than $50 million a central part of her presidential campaign. Emmanuel Saez and Gabriel Zucman, two economists at the University of California at Berkeley, who helped developed the proposal, estimated it it would rake in $187 billion a year. In April, we published a piece in the Washington Post suggesting that this estimate was likely overly optimistic. This week, Saez and Zucman published a rejoinder.” Link

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Harriett Tubman On The $20 Bill

Harriett Tubman On The $20 Bill. Nancy Koehn, June 6, 2019, Audio, “On May 22. Treasury Secretary Steve Mnuchin announced that the $20 bill redesign set to replace President Andrew Jackson with Harriett Tubman would not be pursued during the Trump administration. Harvard Business School historian Nancy Koehn joined Boston Public Radio on Thursday to discuss why the change, initiated by the Obama administration, was delayed.Link

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It’s tempting for the Fed to move slowly. That would be a grave error.

It’s tempting for the Fed to move slowly. That would be a grave error. Lawrence Summers, June 4, 2019, Opinion, “The Federal Reserve will over the next several months make monetary policy decisions that are as consequential as any it has made since the financial crisis and Great Recession of 2007-2008. The temptation in a highly uncertain and politicized environment will be to move cautiously. Yet this would be a grave error in the current context, where a recession could be catastrophic and the odds of one beginning in the next year, while still less than 50-50, now appear significant and increasing.Link

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Consumption Taxes, Redistribution and Informality

Consumption Taxes, Redistribution and Informality. Anders Jensen, 2019, Paper, “We study how the presence of large informal sectors in developing countries impacts the distributional properties of consumption taxes. We assemble a dataset of household expenditure using micro-data from 20 countries at different levels of economic development. Using the place of purchase to proxy for informal consumption, we show a large negative relation between informal consumption shares and households’ total expenditure, which is robust to product and geography controls. This implies that consumption taxes are de-facto progressive: households in the top decile pay 70% more taxes as a share of expenditure than households in the bottom decile. Finally, we build a model of optimal commodity taxation in the presence of informal consumption, which we calibrate to our data. We find that optimal tax rates are less differentiated across products with an informal sector. Tax exempting necessities, such as food, is rarely optimal as it leads to only a marginal gain in progressivity.Link

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Independent Taxation, Horizontal Equity, and Return-Free Filing

Independent Taxation, Horizontal Equity, and Return-Free Filing. Jeffrey Liebman, 2019, Book Chapter, “Switching from joint to independent taxation of spouses in married couples would reduce marginal tax rates on secondary earners, make the tax system marriage neutral, and facilitate return-free filing through exact withholding. This switch would, however, abandon the perspective that total household income is the best measure of ability to pay. This paper investigates the vertical and horizontal equity implications of a switch from joint to independent taxation of the sort that might occur in conjunction with adoption of return-free filing.Link

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How Central-Bank Independence Dies

How Central-Bank Independence Dies. Kenneth Rogoff, May 31, 2019, Opinion, “Since the world’s major central banks came to the global economy’s rescue in 2008, they have had more and more tasks foisted upon them, even as some politicians question their expanded role and others seek to undermine their policymaking autonomy. To escape this dilemma, monetary authorities must get back to doing what they do best.Link

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