Found 346 article(s) in category 'Jobs and Unemployment'

Annette Gordon-Reed on inequality, Thomas Jefferson in the twenty-first century, and the future of the U.S. Constitution

Annette Gordon-Reed on inequality, Thomas Jefferson in the twenty-first century, and the future of the U.S. Constitution May 2018. GrowthPolicy’s Devjani Roy interviewed Annette Gordon-Reed, the Charles Warren Professor of American Legal History at Harvard Law School and Professor of History in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences at Harvard University, celebrated Thomas Jefferson biographer, […]

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Job Vacancies and Immigration: Evidence from Pre- and Post-Mariel Miami

Job Vacancies and Immigration: Evidence from Pre- and Post-Mariel Miami. George Borjas, May 2018, Paper, “How does immigration affect labor market opportunities in a receiving country? This paper contributes to the voluminous literature by reporting findings from a new (but very old) data set. Beginning in 1951, the Conference Board constructed a monthly job vacancy index by counting the number of help-wanted ads published in local newspapers in 51 metropolitan areas. We use the Help-Wanted Index (HWI) to document how immigration changes the number of job vacancies in the affected labor markets. Our analysis begins by revisiting the Mariel episode.Link

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Health, Employment, and Disability: Implications from the Undocumented Population

Health, Employment, and Disability: Implications from the Undocumented Population. George Borjas, April 2018, Paper, “Disability benefit recipients in the United States have nearly doubled in the past two decades, growing substantially faster than the population. It is difficult to estimate how much of this increase is explained by changes in population health, as we often lack a valid counterfactual. We propose using undocumented immigrants as the counterfactual, as they cannot currently claim benefits. Using NHIS microdata, we estimate models of disability as a function of medical conditions for both the legal and undocumented populations.Link

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Immigrant Entrepreneurship in America: Evidence from the Survey of Business Owners 2007 & 2012

Immigrant Entrepreneurship in America: Evidence from the Survey of Business Owners 2007 & 2012. William Kerr, April 2018, Paper, “We study immigrant entrepreneurship and firm ownership in 2007 and 2012 using the Survey of Business Owners (SBO). The survival and growth of immigrant-owned businesses over time relative to native-founded companies is evaluated by linking the 2007 SBO to the Longitudinal Business Database (LBD). We quantify the dependency of the United States as a whole, as well as individual states, on the contributions of immigrant entrepreneurs in terms of firm formation and job creation. We describe differences in the types of businesses started by immigrants and the quality of jobs created by their firms.Link

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A debt crisis is coming. But don’t blame entitlements

A debt crisis is coming. But don’t blame entitlements. Jason Furman, April 6, 2018, Opinion, “Martin Neil Baily, Jason Furman, Alan B. Krueger, Laura D’Andrea Tyson and Janet L. Yellen are all former chairs of the White House Council of Economic Advisers. The U.S. unemployment rate is down to 4.1 percent, and economic growth could well increase in 2018. Consumer and business confidence is high. What could go wrong?Link

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Race and Economic Opportunity in the United States: An Intergenerational Perspective

Race and Economic Opportunity in the United States: An Intergenerational Perspective. Raj Chetty, Nathaniel Hendren, March 2018, Paper, “We study the sources of racial and ethnic disparities in income using de-identified longitudinal data covering nearly the entire U.S. population from 1989-2015. We document three sets of results. First, the intergenerational persistence of disparities varies substantially across racial groups. For example, Hispanic Americans are moving up significantly in the income distribution across generations because they have relatively high rates of intergenerational income mobility. In contrast, black Americans have substantially lower rates of upward mobility and higher rates of downward mobility than whites, leading to large income disparities that persist across generations.Link

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What makes gig economy workers anxious?

What makes gig economy workers anxious? Lawrence Katz, March 8, 2018, Audio, “What do freelance writers, IT consultants and Mary Kay sellers all have in common? They are each a part of what’s commonly referred to as the “gig economy,” which is comprised of nontraditional employees who typically don’t have a single, steady employer who guarantees regular hours and pay.Link

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Saving the heartland: Place-based policies in 21st Century America

Saving the heartland: Place-based policies in 21st Century America. Edward Glaeser, Lawrence Summers, March 8, 2018, Paper, “America’s regional disparities are large and regional convergence has declined if not disappeared. This wildly uneven economic landscape calls for a new look at spatially targeted policies. There are three plausible justifications for place-based policies–agglomeration economies, spatial equity and larger marginal returns to targeting social distress in high distress areas. The second justification is stronger than the first and the third justification is stronger than the second. The enormous social costs of non-employment suggests that fighting long-term joblessness is more important than fighting income inequality. Stronger tools, such as spatially targeted employment credits, may be needed in West Virginia than in San Francisco.Link

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George Serafeim on employment, inequality, and the relationship between corporate purpose and financial performance

George Serafeim on employment, inequality, and the relationship between corporate purpose and financial performance March 2018. GrowthPolicy’s Devjani Roy interviewed George Serafeim, Jakurski Family Associate Professor of Business Administration at Harvard Business School, on employment, inequality, and the relationship between corporate purpose and financial performance. | Click here for more interviews like this one. Links: […]

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