Found 370 article(s) in category 'Jobs and Unemployment'

The Fearless Organization: Creating Psychological Safety in the Workplace for Learning, Innovation, and Growth

The Fearless Organization: Creating Psychological Safety in the Workplace for Learning, Innovation, and Growth. Amy Edmondson, 2018, Book, “Conquer the most essential adaptation to the knowledge economy Psychological Safety at Work: How to Ensure Learning and Innovation in the Knowledge Economy offers practical guidance for teams and organizations who are serious about success in the modern economy. With so much riding on innovation, creativity, and spark, it is essential to attract and retain quality talent–but what good does this talent do if no one is able to speak their mind? The traditional culture of “fitting in” and “going along” spells doom in the knowledge economy. Success requires a continuous influx of new ideas, new challenges, and critical thought, and the interpersonal climate must not suppress, silence, ridicule or intimidate.Link

Tags: , , , , , , , , ,

The Slavery Incentive

The Slavery Incentive. Ricardo Hausmann, August 31, 2018, Opinion, “By restricting the workers’ outside options, employers may get them to accept terms that freer individuals would reject. That may be a reason why there is so little urgency in solving the problem of undocumented immigrants in the US, and why many countries protect citizens differently than foreigners.Link

Tags: , , , , ,

Stickiness on digital labour platforms and ethnic networks

Stickiness on digital labour platforms and ethnic networks. William Kerr, Christopher Stanton, August 27, 2018, Opinion, “Online labour platforms such as Upwork facilitate interactions between employers and employees for a wide range of tasks. This column provides some first evidence on flows and substitution across countries on these new digital platforms. In contrast to classic trade patterns in products, contract placements via Upwork are frequently cross-border and North-South in nature. The findings also suggest that employers leave the platform in response to wage bid increases rather than substituting away from their target search location. Diaspora networks, in particular the Indian diaspora, still matter for how contracts are placed at the global level.Link

Tags: , , , ,

Presidential Address: Pension Policy and the Financial System

Presidential Address: Pension Policy and the Financial System. David Scharfstein, August 24, 2018, Paper, “In this paper, I examine the effect of pension policy on the structure of financial systems around the world. In particular, I explore the hypothesis that policies that promote pension savings also promote the development of capital markets. I present a model that endogenizes the extent to which savings are intermediated through banks or capital markets, and derive implications for corporate finance, household finance, banking, and the size of the financial sector. I then present a number of facts that are broadly consistent with the theory and examine a variety of alternative explanations of my findings.Link

Tags: , , , ,

Human-Capital Externalities in China

Human-Capital Externalities in China. Edward Glaeser, August 2018, Paper, “This paper provides evidences of heterogeneous human-capital externality using CHIP 2002, 2007 and 2013 data from urban China. After instrumenting city-level education using the number of relocated university departments across cities in the 1950s, one year more city-level education increases individual hourly wage by 22.0 percent, more than twice the OLS estimate. Human-capital externality is found to be greater for all groups of urban residents in the instrumental variable estimation.Link

Tags: , , , , , ,

Identifiable Service Provider Effect: When Guilt Undermines Consumer Willingness To Buy Time

Identifiable Service Provider Effect: When Guilt Undermines Consumer Willingness To Buy Time. Ashley Whillans, 2018, Paper, “In 2011, Time Magazine rated the sharing economy as one of the top 10 ideas that would change the world. Today, the possibility of outsourcing just about anything from grocery shopping, to dog walking, to standing in line for the latest iPhone is only a few clicks away. Companies such as TaskRabbit and Hello Alfred enable customers to outsource nearly any household chore by connecting people who need tasks done with people who have time to do them. With the growing popularity of the sharing economy, it has never been easier for consumers to outsource their most dreaded tasks to others. Yet, despite the rise of the sharing economy, very little is known about when individuals decide to ‘buy time.’Link

Tags: , , , , ,

Journal of Participation and Employee Ownership (JPEO) in the changing world of participative work practices and pay

Journal of Participation and Employee Ownership (JPEO) in the changing world of participative work practices and pay. Richard Freeman, 2018, Paper, “Work practices and modes of pay have changed in recent decades. The combination of an increasingly educated work force, new information and communication technologies, the influx of AI and big data into business practices from production and sales to human resources, the increased importance of teamwork and the growth of non-standard work arrangements which blur the distinction between labor contracts and sales contracts, has combined with globalization of production to create a wide diversity in the way firms, workers, unions and governments interact within organizations and in the broader labor market.Link

Tags: , , ,

The real reason you’re not getting a pay raise

The real reason you’re not getting a pay raise. Jason Furman, July 31, 2018, Opinion, “Wages are growing much more slowly than the last time we had sustained low unemployment rates, the late 1990s. This is the notorious “wage puzzle,” a topic that has been the subject of much speculation by everyone from Federal Reserve Chair Jay Powell to pretty much every economist I follow on Twitter.Link

Tags: , , , , ,

Potential vs. realized savings under automatic enrollment

Potential vs. realized savings under automatic enrollment. John Beshears, David Laibson, Brigitte Madrian, July 2018, Paper, “Previous research has documented the powerful impact that automatic enrollment has on retirement savings outcomes. When a savings plan’s default—the option that is implemented on behalf of any employees that do not actively elect an alternative option—is changed from not participating in the plan to contributing a positive fraction of pay to the plan, the proportion of employees contributing to the plan increases dramatically, and many employees who would otherwise have not participated begin to accumulate plan balances (Madrian and Shea, 2001; Choi, et al., 2002 and 2004; Beshears, et al., 2008).Link

Tags: , , , , ,