Found 694 article(s) in category 'Inequality'

The Global Gender Gap Report 2011

The Global Gender Gap Report 2011. Ricardo Hausmann, 2011, Paper. “Given the complexity of the world today and the economic, demographic, environmental and political transformations we face, we must commit to a new mindset, one that discards old prejudices and inertia and instead commits to new ideas and new solutions. Empowering and educating girls and women and leveraging their talent and leadership fully in the global economy, politics and society are fundamental elements of the new models required to succeed in today’s challenging landscape…” Link

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Being Poor, Black, and American: The Impact of Political, Economic, and Cultural Forces

Being Poor, Black, and American: The Impact of Political, Economic, and Cultural Forces. William Julius Wilson, Spring 2011, Paper. “Through the second half of the 1990s and into the early years of the 21st century, public attention to the plight of poor black Americans seemed to wane. There was scant media attention to the problem of concentrated urban poverty (neighborhoods in which a high percentage of the residents fall beneath the federally designated poverty line), little or no discussion of inner-city challenges by mainstream political leaders, and even an apparent quiescence on the part of ghetto residents themselves …” Link

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Does Economic Inequality Cause Crises?

Does Economic Inequality Cause Crises? Edward Glaeser, December 14, 2010, Paper. “Did inequality cause the recent housing and financial crisis? For decades, a growing literature has tried to establish links between inequality and adverse outcomes, such as low economic growth,weak social cohesion and mortality and, most recently, financial crises. If true, these arguments would provide even more reasons to worry about our unequal income distribution. If false, we should still worry about income inequality, because in a just society everyone should have a decent standard of living and the opportunity to succeed. Empirically, it is true…” Link

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How Does Your Kindergarten Classroom Affect Your Earnings? Evidence from Project STAR

How Does Your Kindergarten Classroom Affect Your Earnings? Evidence from Project STAR. Raj Chetty, John N. Friedman, 2010, Paper. “In Project STAR, 11,571 students in Tennessee and their teachers were randomly assigned to classrooms within their schools from kindergarten to third grade. This paper evaluates the long-term impacts of STAR by linking the experimental data to administrative records. We first demonstrate that kindergarten test scores are highly correlated with outcome such as earnings at age 27, college attendance, home ownership, and retirement savings. We then document…” Link

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Gender-Based Taxation and the Division of Family Chores

Gender-Based Taxation and the Division of Family Chores. Alberto Alesina, September 2010, Paper. “Gender-Based Taxation (GBT) satisfies Ramsey’s rule of optimality because it taxes at a lower rate the more elastic labor supply of women. This holds when different elasticities between men and women are taken as exogenous. We study GBT in a model in which labor supply elasticities emerge endogenously from the bargained allocation of goods and time in the family…” Link

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Putting the Co in Education: Timing, Reasons, and Consequences of College Coeducation from 1835 to the Present

Putting the Co in Education: Timing, Reasons, and Consequences of College Coeducation from 1835 to the Present. Claudia Goldin, Lawrence Katz, August 2010, Paper. “The history of coeducation in U.S. higher education is explored through an analysis of a database containing information on all institutions offering four-year undergraduate degrees that operated in 1897, 1924, 1934, or 1980, most of which still exist today. These data reveal surprises about the timing of coeducation and the reasons for its increase. Rather than being episodic and caused by financial pressures brought about by wars and recessions, the process of…” Link

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“Schooling Can’t Buy Me Love”: Marriage, Work, and the Gender Education Gap in Latin America

“Schooling Can’t Buy Me Love”: Marriage, Work, and the Gender Education Gap in Latin America. Ricardo Hausmann, July 2010, Paper. “In this paper we establish six stylized facts related to marriage and work in Latin America and present a simple model to account for them. First, skilled women are less likely to be married than unskilled women. Second, skilled women are less likely to be married than skilled men. Third, married skilled men are more likely to work than unmarried skilled men, but married skilled women are less likely to work than unmarried skilled women. Fourth, Latin American women…” Link

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Predicting Agri-Commodity Prices: An Asset Pricing Approach

Predicting Agri-Commodity Prices: An Asset Pricing Approach. Kenneth Rogoff, May 10, 2010, Paper. “Volatile and rising agricultural prices put significant strain on the global fight against poverty. An accurate reading of future food price movements can be an invaluable budgetary planning tool for various government agencies and food aid programs. Using the asset-pricing approach developed in Chen, Rogoff and Rossi (2010), we show that information from the currency and equity markets of several major commodity-exporting economies can help forecast world agricultural…” (May require user account or purchase) Link

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Do Traditional Institutions Constrain Female Entrepreneurship? A Field Experiment on Business Training in India

Do Traditional Institutions Constrain Female Entrepreneurship? A Field Experiment on Business Training in India, Rohini Pande, May 2010, Paper, “What constrains the entrepreneurial choices of poor women? Do traditional institutions pose unique barriers to business growth and profitability for female-run enterprises? The explosion of microfinance programs, which typically target poor female entrepreneurs, has drawn attention to these questions. Indeed, one view is that inadequate access to credit prevents women from under- taking high-return business activities. However, one recent empirical study finds low returns to capital in female-run micro-enterprises.” Link

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Spreading the Wealth Around: Reflections Inspired by Joe the Plumber

Spreading the Wealth Around: Reflections Inspired by Joe the Plumber. N. Gregory Mankiw, March 2010, Paper. “This essay discusses the policy debate concerning optimal taxation and the distribution of income. It begins with a brief overview of trends in income inequality, the leading hypothesis to explain these trends, and the distribution of the tax burden. It then considers the framework that economists use to address the normative problem of designing tax systems. The conventional utilitarian approach is found to be wanting, as it leads to prescriptions that conflict with many individuals’ moral intuitions. The essay…” Link

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