Found 433 article(s) in category 'Financial Services'

Capital Flow Cycles: A Long, Global View

Capital Flow Cycles: A Long, Global View. Carmen Reinhart, October 31, 2017, Paper, “This paper develops a new, extensive database on international capital flows over the past 200 years by combining long-run data on international debt issuance, the current account, and central bank reserves across countries. We show that crossborder financial flows from financial centers to the periphery are cyclical, with similar patterns over time. We document the interaction between the capital flow cycle, the commodity price super-cycle, and short-term interest rates.Link

Tags: , , , , ,

Mortgage-Default Research and the Recent Foreclosure Crisis

Mortgage-Default Research and the Recent Foreclosure Crisis. Christopher Foote, October 2017, Paper, “This paper reviews recent research on mortgage default, focusing on the relationship of this research to the recent foreclosure crisis. Research on defaults was advanced both theoretically and empirically by the time the crisis began, but economists have moved the frontier further by improving data sources, building dynamic optimizing models of default, and explicitly addressing reverse causality between rising foreclosures and falling house prices. Mortgage defaults were also a key component of early research that pointed to subprime and other privately securitized mortgages as fundamental drivers of the housing boom, although this research has been criticized recently. Going forward, improvements to data and models will allow researchers to explore the central unsolved question in this area: why mortgage default is so rare, even for households with high levels of negative equity or financial distress.Link

Tags: , , , , , ,

Four Proposals to Help Commodity Exporters Cope with Price Volatility

Four Proposals to Help Commodity Exporters Cope with Price Volatility. Jeffrey Frankel, October 17, 2017, Paper, “Financial markets have done little, if anything, to moderate the impact of commodity price volatility on the exporting countries. This column reviews four proposals to make exporters less vulnerable to volatility – two attempts at appropriate financial engineering, and two attempts at countercyclical macroeconomic policy. One in each category is tried and tested; the other two have hardly been tried.Link

Tags: , , , , ,

Counting and Caring

Counting and Caring. Lawrence Summers, October 17, 2017, Paper, “The article presents the author’s views on economist Howard Raiffa who is known for his contributions to both decision sciences and negotiation analysis. Topics include the impact of Howard’s book “Decision Analysis” on the author in developing intellectual interests; and the role of his book in helping the author learn about Bayesian models and group decision making.Link

Tags: , , , , , ,

Do Fire Sales Create Externalities?

Do Fire Sales Create Externalities? Adi Sunderam, October 12, 2017, Opinion, “We develop three novel measures of how much of the price impact of their trading different mutual funds internalize. We show that mutual funds that internalize more of their price impact hold larger cash buffers and use these buffers more aggressively to accommodate inflows and outflows. As a result, stocks held by these funds have lower volatility, and flows out of these funds have smaller spillover effects on other funds holding the same securities. Our results suggest that there are meaningful fire sale externalities in the mutual fund industry, and that a planner coordinating among funds would choose different liquidity management policies.Link

Tags: , , , ,

The SEC Plans to Collect Too Much Information

The SEC Plans to Collect Too Much Information. Hal Scott, October 2, 2017, Opinion, “Is your personal information safe from the Securities and Exchange Commission? The SEC has mandated that U.S. stock exchanges and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority establish a database by November 2018 that will store the names, birth dates, Social Security numbers and brokerage accounts of tens of millions of U.S. investors as part of the Consolidated Audit Trail.Link

Tags: , , , ,

Why Financial Markets Underestimate Risk

Why Financial Markets Underestimate Risk. Jeffrey Frankel, September 25, 2017, Opinion, “Today’s economy is in a “risk-on” period, when investors exchange safe-haven assets like US Treasury Bills for riskier ones, from real estate to carry-trade currencies. But when such behavior assumes that economic conditions are more stable than they are, as seems to be the case today, trouble inevitably follows.Link

Tags: , , , ,

The Fear Factor in Today’s Interest Rates

The Fear Factor in Today’s Interest Rates. Carmen Reinhart, September 23, 2017, Opinion, “Atlantic-hugging policymakers and pundits, buffered by a continent and a large ocean, may not fully appreciate the significant effect on global financial markets that the threat posed by North Korea has had in recent months. But competition for safe assets has clearly heated up.Link

Tags: , , , , ,

Introduction to the Symposium: Attracting and benefitting from Quality FDI

Introduction to the Symposium: Attracting and benefitting from Quality FDI. Laura Alfaro, September 19, 2017, Paper, “The topic of this Symposium is not only of utmost relevance for the academic and policy community, it is also very timely. The last two meetings of G20 leaders in Hamburg, Germany, and Chengdu, China, highlighted the importance of financing and other support mechanisms in implementing the global goals for sustainable development. The 2015 United Nations Third International Conference on Financing for Development, held in Addis Ababa, resulted in the groundbreaking agreement, the so-called Addis Ababa Action Agenda, containing bold measures to overhaul global finance practices and generate investments for tackling a range of economic, social and environmental challenges. Indeed, the cornerstone for the success of the new sustainable development agenda, which will be driven by the implementation of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), is financing and investment.Link

Tags: , , ,