Found 1679 article(s) in category 'Q1: Economic Growth'

Four Things No One Will Tell You About ESG Data

Four Things No One Will Tell You About ESG Data. George Serafeim, July 2, 2019, Paper, “As the ESG finance field and the use of ESG data in investment decision‐making continue to grow, the authors seek to shed light on several important aspects of ESG measurement and data. This article is intended to provide a useful guide for the rapidly rising number of people entering the field. The authors focus on the following…Link

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Carmen Reinhart Discusses Global Economic Risks

Carmen Reinhart Discusses Global Economic Risks. Carmen Reinhart, June 28, 2019, Audio, “Carmen Reinhart, economist and the Minos A. Zombanakis Professor of the International Financial System at Harvard Kennedy School, discusses the panorama of risks facing the global economy. She speaks with Bloomberg Global Economics and Policy editor Kathleen Hayes on “Politics, Policy, Power and Law.”Link

 

 

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Be very skeptical about how much revenue Elizabeth Warren’s wealth tax could generate

Be very skeptical about how much revenue Elizabeth Warren’s wealth tax could generate. Lawrence Summers, June 28, 2019, Opinion, “Sen. Elizabeth Warren, D-Mass., has made her proposed 2 percent wealth tax on those worth more than $50 million a central part of her presidential campaign. Emmanuel Saez and Gabriel Zucman, two economists at the University of California at Berkeley, who helped developed the proposal, estimated it it would rake in $187 billion a year. In April, we published a piece in the Washington Post suggesting that this estimate was likely overly optimistic. This week, Saez and Zucman published a rejoinder.” Link

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A Compact, Logical Approach to Large-Market Analysis

A Compact, Logical Approach to Large-Market Analysis. Scott Duke Kominers, June 26, 2019, Paper, “In game theory, we often use infinite models to represent “limit” settings, such as markets with a large number of agents or games with a long time horizon. Yet many game-theoretic models incorporate finiteness assumptions that, while introduced for simplicity, play a real role in the analysis. Here, we show how to extend key results from (finite) models of matching, games on graphs, and trading networks to infinite models by way of Logical Compactness, a core result from Propositional Logic. Using Compactness, we prove the existence of man-optimal stable matchings in infinite economies, as well as strategy-proofness of the man-optimal stable matching mechanism. We then use Compactness to eliminate the need for a finite start time in a dynamic matching model. Finally, we use Compactness to prove the existence of both Nash equilibria in infinite games on graphs and Walrasian equilibria in infinite trading networks.Link

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Crony Capitalism in the Middle East

Crony Capitalism in the Middle East: Business and Politics from Liberalization to the Arab Spring. Ishac Diwan, June 2019, Book, “The popular uprisings in 2011 that overthrew Arab dictators were also a rebuke to crony capitalism, diverted against both rulers and their allied businessmen who monopolize all economic opportunities. While the Middle East has witnessed a growing nexus between business and politics in the wake of liberalization, little is discussed about the nature of business cronies, the sectors in which they operate, the mechanisms used to favour them, and the possible impact of such crony relations on the region’s development. Combining inputs from leading scholars in the field, Crony Capitalism in the Middle East: Business and Politics from Liberalization to the Arab Spring presents a wealth of empirical evidence on the form and function of this aspect of the region.Link

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Putting Global Governance in its Place

Putting Global Governance in its Place. Dani Rodrik, June 2019, Paper, “In a world economy that has become highly integrated, problems always seem to require more international cooperation and better global governance. The populist backlash and U.S. President Donald Trump’s trade antics, if anything, have added fuel to the economists’, technocrats’ and commentariat’s call for more internationalism. ““[V]irtually every problem destabilizing the world in this plastic moment is global in nature and can be confronted only with a coalition that is global…” wrote the New York Times columnist Thomas Friedman recently.2 Or as Nemat Shafik, then the time the deputy managing director of the International Monetary Fund, put it in 2013, “what happens anywhere affects everybody—and increasingly so. So it is pretty clear that the world needs more, not less, international coordination and cooperation.” Link

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3 Ways Investors Can Pressure Companies to Take Sustainability Seriously

3 Ways Investors Can Pressure Companies to Take Sustainability Seriously. George Serafeim, June 23, 2019, Paper, “Climate change and other environmental, social, and governance (ESG) issues are not political or partisan topics, and not limited to niche investors. Measuring and analyzing ESG information is becoming an important activity for any investor who seeks to optimize risk and return —a growing body of evidence shows that companies with strong ESG policies produce better financial results. Academic research analyzing 2,000 U.S. companies from 1993 to 2014 shows higher profit margins and superior risk-adjusted returns for those that made significant ESG investments to improve their performance on industry-specific material ESG…Link

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