Found 102 article(s) for author 'Ricardo Hausmann'

South Africa’s export predicament

South Africa’s export predicament. Ricardo Hausmann, September 17, 2008, Paper. “Using South Africa as an example, this article explores how the structure of production affects export diversification and economic growth. We show that the lagging process of structural transformation is part of the explanation for stagnant exports per capita in South Africa over the past 40 years. This slow structural transformation is shown to be a consequence in part of the peripheral nature of South Africa’s productive capabilities…” May require purchase or user account. Link

Tags: ,

The Other Hand: High Bandwidth Development Policy

The Other Hand: High Bandwidth Development Policy, Ricardo Hausmann, September 2008, Paper, Much of development policy has been based on the search for a short to do list that would get countries moving. In this paper I argue that economic activity requires a large and highly interacting set of public policies and services, which constitute inputs into the production process. This is reflected in the presence, in all countries, of hundreds of thousands of pages of legislation and hundreds of public agencies. Finding out what is the right mix of the public inputs, and more importantly, what is a valuable change from the current provision is as complex as determining what is the right mix of private provision of goods. Link

Tags: , ,

In search of the chains that hold Brazil back

In search of the chains that hold Brazil back, Ricardo Hausmann, September 2008, Paper, This paper performs a Growth Diagnostic for Brazil. It shows that many aspects of the Brazilian economy have been improving including the macro picture, educational progress and the external front. Moreover, Brazil has many productive possibilities and high-return investments. Yet growth is hampered because of a relatively old-fashioned problem that has been solved in many other countries in the region: creating a financially viable state that does not over-borrow, over-tax or under-invest. We show that domestic saving is the binding constraint on growth and that it has a fiscal cause. Although things are trending in the right direction, the challenge is to exploit the current good times to create the fiscal basis for a sustained growth acceleration. Link

Tags: , ,

Growth Diagnostic: Peru

Growth Diagnostic: Peru, Ricardo Hausmann, September  2008, Paper, This paper presents a growth diagnostic exercise for Peru. It notes that although Peru has recently enjoyed high rates of economic growth, this growth is actually a recovery from a significant and sustained growth collapse that began in the 1970s. Income per capita has barely recovered to its historical peak, despite significant improvements in education, infrastructure, the financial system, political stability, institutional quality, and macroeconomic sustainability. The growth collapse was caused by a decline in export earnings due to the fall in international prices and an inadequate investment regime in export activities that led to a fall in market shareLink


Doing Growth Diagnostics in Practice: A ‘Mindbook’

Doing Growth Diagnostics in Practice: A ‘Mindbook’, Ricardo Hausmann, September 2008, Paper, This paper systematizes the implementation of the Growth Diagnostics framework. It aims to give the meta-steps that a persuasive growth diagnosis should have, and elaborates on the strategies and methods that may be used. Rather than a step-by-step instruction manual or handbook, this paper is meant to be a ‘mindbook’, suggesting how to think about the problem of identifying a country’s constraints to growth. Link

Tags: ,

Achieving Export-Led Growth in Colombia

Achieving Export-Led Growth in Colombia, Ricardo Hausmann, September 1, 2008, Paper, The purpose of this paper is to analyze Colombia’s experiences with and opportunities for export led growth. We first review Colombia’s growth and export performance over the past 30 years and find that the country is indeed facing an export challenge. We then go on to develop new metrics and apply them to Colombia’s export challenge. Link

Tags: , , ,

The growing current account surpluses in East Asia: the effect of dark matter assets

The growing current account surpluses in East Asia: the effect of dark matter assets. Ricardo Hausmann, June 12, 2008, Paper. “In a series of papers we have developed the notion that net foreign assets could be better approximated by capitalizing the net investment income line of the balance of payments statistics. Hidden assets or changes in financial costs may change the net return of net foreign assets even when the valuation of assets remains unchanged. By capitalizing the net investment income a more realistic picture emerges on the true burden or return of net foreign assets. This paper estimates external positions for East Asian economies…” Link

Tags: ,

Examining Beneficiation

Examining Beneficiation, Ricardo Hausmann, Robert Lawrence, May 2008, Paper, Beneficiation, moving downstream, and promoting greater value added in natural resources are very common policy initiatives to stimulate new export sectors in developing countries, largely based on the premise that this is a natural and logical path for structural transformation. But upon closer examination, we find that very few countries that export raw materials also export their processed forms, or transition to greater processing. Link

Tags: , , , ,

Final Recommendations of the International Panel on ASGISA

Final Recommendations of the International Panel on ASGISA, Ricardo Hausmann, May 2008, Paper, As part of the Accelerated and Shared Growth Initiative (ASGI-SA), the National Treasury of the Republic of South Africa convened an international panel of economists through Harvard’s Center for International Development. This panel spent two years analyzing the South African economy and its growth prospects, and composed 20 papers spanning all aspects of economic policy. The present paper synthesizes this body of work. We summarize the panel’s assessment of the binding constraints to growth in South Africa and provide specific policy recommendations to help achieve the goal of accelerated and shared growth. Link

Tags: , ,

Reconfiguring Industrial Policy: A Framework with an Application to South Africa

Reconfiguring Industrial Policy: A Framework with an Application to South Africa. Ricardo Hausmann, Dani Rodrik, May 2008. “The main purpose of industrial policy is to speed up the process of structural change towards higher productivity activities. This paper builds on our earlier writings to present an overall design for the conduct of industrial policy in a low- to middle-income country. It is stimulated by the specific problems faced by South Africa and by our discussions with business and government officials in that country. We present specific recommendations for the South African government in the penultimate section of the paper.” Link

Tags: , ,