Found 106 article(s) for author 'Ricardo Hausmann'

GEM 2012: Ricardo Hausmann on Structure & Dynamics of International Development Assistance

GEM 2012: Ricardo Hausmann on Structure & Dynamics of International Development Assistance. Ricardo Hausmann, 2012, Video. At the 2012 Global Empowerment Meeting, Ricardo Hausmann, Director of the Center for International Development at Harvard University, examined the Structure and Dynamics of International Development Assistance as part of a panel on “The Role of Networks in Building Prosperity”…” Link

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Empirical Confirmation of Creative Destruction from World Trade Data

Empirical Confirmation of Creative Destruction from World Trade Data. Ricardo Hausmann, June 18, 2012, Paper. “We show that world trade network datasets contain empirical evidence that the dynamics of innovation in the world economy indeed follows the concept of creative destruction, as proposed by J.A. Schumpeter more than half a century ago. National economies can be viewed as complex, evolving systems, driven by a stream of appearance and disappearance of goods and services. Products appear in bursts of creative cascades…” Link

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Ricardo Hausmann: Taking Stock of Complexity Economics

Ricardo Hausmann: Taking Stock of Complexity Economics. Ricardo Hausmann, 2012, Video. “Ricardo Hausmann, Professor of the Practice of Economic Development, Harvard University speaking at the breakout panel entitled “Taking Stock of Complexity Economics: Which Problems Does It Illuminate?” at the Institute for New Economic Thinking’s (INET) Paradigm Lost Conference in Berlin…” Link

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Ireland can show Greece a way out of the crisis

Ireland can show Greece a way out of the crisis. Ricardo Hausmann, February 8, 2012, Opinion. “The generosity of the world is again being wasted on Greece. As officials meet in Athens to thrash out the details of the latest bail-out, we must urgently recognize that our approach to understanding the crisis is flawed. Greece has so far been analyzed through either a fiscal or a Keynesian lens. The fiscal view argues Greece can only be fixed by raising taxes, cutting spending and restructuring debt. The Keynesian one says these measures hurt growth and tax revenues…” May require purchase of user account. Link

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Empirical confirmation of creative destruction from world trade data

Empirical confirmation of creative destruction from world trade data. Ricardo Hausmann, January 2014, Paper, “We show that world trade network datasets contain empirical evidence that the dynamics of innovation in the world economy follows indeed the concept of creative destruction, as proposed by J.A. Schumpeter more than half a century ago. National economies can be viewed as complex, evolving systems, driven by a stream of appearance and disappearance of goods and services. Products appear in bursts of creative cascades. We find that products systematically tend to co-appear, and that product appearances lead to massive disappearance events of existing products in the following years. The opposite – disappearances followed by periods of appearances – is not observed. This is an empirical validation of the dominance of cascading competitive replacement events on the scale of national economies, i.e. creative destruction. We find a tendency that more complex products drive out less complex ones, i.e. progress has a direction. Finally we show that the growth trajectory of a country’s product output diversity can be understood by a recently proposed evolutionary model of Schumpeterian economic dynamics.” Link

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The Global Gender Gap Report 2012

The Global Gender Gap Report 2012, Ricardo Hausmann, 2012, Paper. “The Global Gender Gap Index introduced by the World Economic Forum in 2006, is a framework for capturing the magnitude and scope of gender-based disparities and tracking their progress. The Index benchmarks national gender gaps on economic, political, education- and health-based criteria, and provides country rankings that allow for effective comparisons across regions and income groups, and over time. The rankings are designed to create greater awareness among a global audience of the challenges posed by gender gaps and the opportunities created by reducing them…” Link

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A Network View of Economic Development

A Network View of Economic Development. Ricardo Hausmann, 2008, Paper. “This paper discusses whether the type of product a country produces and exports matter for subsequent economic performance by applying a network view of economic development. The authors argue for a network view to describe product relatedness and illuminate various aspects of such development. Their main goal is to develop a more nuanced view of development, concentrating on understanding how nations develop different industries and products, rather than trying to predict how they accumulate capital.”  Link

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Ricardo Hausmann: Networks Understanding Networks – How to Infer What Countries Know from What They Produce and Why It Matters

Ricardo Hausmann: Networks Understanding Networks – How to Infer What Countries Know from What They Produce and Why It Matters. Ricardo Hausmann, 2011, Video. “The Product Space network has considerable implications for economic policy, as its structure helps elucidate why some countries undergo steady economic growth while others become stagnant and are unable to develop…” Link

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The network structure of economic output

The network structure of economic output. Ricardo Hausmann, October 2011, Paper. “Much of the analysis of economic growth has focused on the study of aggregate output. Here, we deviate from this tradition and look instead at the structure of output embodied in the network connecting countries to the products that they export. We characterize this network using four structural features: the negative relationship between the diversification of a country and the average ubiquity of its exports, and the non-normal distributions for product ubiquity, country diversification and product co-export…” Link

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Closing the Gender Gap in Education: Does it Foretell the Closing of the Employment, Marriage, and Motherhood Gaps?

Closing the Gender Gap in Education: Does it Foretell the Closing of the Employment, Marriage, and Motherhood Gaps? Ricardo Hausmann, April 2011, Paper. “In this paper we examine several dimensions of gender disparity for a sample of 40 countries using micro-level data. We start by documenting the reversal of the gender education gap and ranking countries by the year in which it reversed. Then we turn to an analysis of the state of other gaps facing women: we compare men and women’s labor force participation (the labor force participation gap), married and single women’s labor force participation (the marriage gap), and…” Link

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