Found 582 article(s) for author 'Regulation'

US Fed chair’s biggest problem will be staying out of Trump’s shadow

US Fed chair’s biggest problem will be staying out of Trump’s shadow. Kenneth Rogoff, November 3, 2017, Opinion, “With the appointment of Jerome Powell as the next chair of the United States Federal Reserve, Donald Trump has made perhaps the most important single decision of his presidency. It is a sane and sober choice that heralds short-term continuity in Fed interest rate policy, and perhaps a simpler and cleaner approach to regulatory policy.Link

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Can Audits Backfire? Evidence from Public Procurement in Chile

Can Audits Backfire? Evidence from Public Procurement in Chile. Dina Pomeranz, October 2017, Paper, “Audits are generally intended to monitor compliance with existing rules. However, audits can also create unintended impacts and incentives through the specific protocol by which they are executed. In particular, audits can discourage the use of complex administrative procedures with more rules for auditors to check. This paper investigates the effects of procurement audits on public entities’ choice of purchase procedures in Chile. While the national procurement legislation tries to promote the use of more transparent and competitive auctions rather than discretionary direct contracts for selection of suppliers, auctions are significantly more complex and the audit protocol mechanically leads to more scrutiny and a higher probability of further investigation for auctions than for direct contracts.Link

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The Political Economy of Carbon Pricing Policy Design

The Political Economy of Carbon Pricing Policy Design. Joseph Aldy, October 2017, Paper, “The goal of the Harvard Project on Climate Agreements, which was established in 2007, is to identify and advance scientifically sound, economically sensible, and politically pragmatic public policy options for addressing global climate change. Drawing upon leading thinkers from around the world, the Project conducts research on policy architecture, key design elements, and institutional dimensions of international and domestic climate-change policy. The Project is directed by Robert N. Stavins, A. J. Meyer Professor of Energy and Economic Development, Harvard Kennedy School. For more information, see the Project’s website…Link

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China’s Export Restrictions and the Limits of WTO Law

China’s Export Restrictions and the Limits of WTO Law. Mark Wu, October 2017, Paper, “In recent years, China has enacted export restrictions on a range of minerals and other raw materials. They include export quotas, export duties, export licenses, and other administrative actions. Although such export restrictions have already been found to be inconsistent with China’s WTO obligations, the practice persists. This article advances an explanation for why this is the case. It argues that the problem lies with the lack of retrospective remedies in WTO dispute settlement. Consequently, China is able to breach its WTO obligations temporarily with minimal consequence. Although such restrictions may have negative consequences for upstream extraction firms, China is able to implement the restrictions because several upstream firms are state-owned enterprises.” Link

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Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy: International Economy Issues

Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy: International Economy Issues. Gita Gopinath, October 10, 2017, Paper, “In this paper I make the following ten remarks on the topics of exchange rate policy, capital flow management, protectionism, and global cooperation: 1) The gains to exchange rate flexibility are worse than you think; 2) The ‘Trilemma’ lives on; 3) The U.S. dollar exchange rate drives global trade prices and volumes; 4) Gross capital flows matter as much as net flows, and global banks have internationalized U.S. monetary policy. 5) Emerging markets tilt away from foreign currency to local currency debt reduces their exposure to global risk factors; 6) Low interest rate environments can lead to misallocation of resources and lower productivity; 7) The relationship between global imbalances, reserve accumulation, and currency manipulation is not well identified. 8) Uniform border taxes are not neutral; 9) Trade is not the main driver of earnings inequality, but at the same time policy has failed to address its redistributive consequences. 10) Global coordination of financial regulation is essential alongside country level macroprudential polices. Reserve accumulation and currency swap lines do not substitute for the lender of last resort role of the IMF.” Link

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The SEC Plans to Collect Too Much Information

The SEC Plans to Collect Too Much Information. Hal Scott, October 2, 2017, Opinion, “Is your personal information safe from the Securities and Exchange Commission? The SEC has mandated that U.S. stock exchanges and the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority establish a database by November 2018 that will store the names, birth dates, Social Security numbers and brokerage accounts of tens of millions of U.S. investors as part of the Consolidated Audit Trail.Link

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Introduction to the Symposium: Attracting and benefitting from Quality FDI

Introduction to the Symposium: Attracting and benefitting from Quality FDI. Laura Alfaro, September 19, 2017, Paper, “The topic of this Symposium is not only of utmost relevance for the academic and policy community, it is also very timely. The last two meetings of G20 leaders in Hamburg, Germany, and Chengdu, China, highlighted the importance of financing and other support mechanisms in implementing the global goals for sustainable development. The 2015 United Nations Third International Conference on Financing for Development, held in Addis Ababa, resulted in the groundbreaking agreement, the so-called Addis Ababa Action Agenda, containing bold measures to overhaul global finance practices and generate investments for tackling a range of economic, social and environmental challenges. Indeed, the cornerstone for the success of the new sustainable development agenda, which will be driven by the implementation of 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), is financing and investment.Link

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Donald Trump’s 3% growth plan is only for the 1%

Donald Trump’s 3% growth plan is only for the 1%. Kenneth Rogoff, September 11, 2017, Opinion, “Donald Trump has boasted that his policies will produce sustained 3%-4% growth for many years to come. His prediction flies in the face of the judgment of many professional forecasters, including on Wall Street and at the Federal Reserve, who expect that the US will be lucky to achieve even 2% growth.Link

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Ethics and the Foundation of Global Justice

Ethics and the Foundation of Global Justice. Amartya Sen, September 8, 2017, Paper, “Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., wrote in his Letter from Birmingham Jail: “Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.” That was in April 1963, more than a half-century ago. He had been jailed for his agitation to end injustice against non-white people in his own country, and he would be killed soon after by an assassin who hated him and his vision.Link

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