Found 10 article(s) for author 'Public Policy'

Human Agency and Behavioral Economics Nudging Fast and Slow

Human Agency and Behavioral Economics: Nudging Fast and Slow. Cass Sunstein, 2017, Book, “This groundbreaking series is designed to make available in book form unique behavioral economic contributions. It provides a publishing opportunity for behavioral economist authors who have a novel perspective and have developed a special ability to integrate economics with other disciplines. It will allow these authors to fully develop
their ideas. In general, it is not a place for narrow technical contributions. Theoretical/conceptual, empirical, and policy contributions are all
welcome.Link

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The Evolution of Environmental Economics: A View from the Inside

The Evolution of Environmental Economics: A View from the Inside. Robert Stavins, 2017, Paper, “This essay provides one economist’s perspective on the two-decade evolution of the field of environmental economics, by tracing it through personal reflections on the professional path that has led to my research and writing. Also, the article summarizes the highlights of some of my research and writing during this period.Link

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How EU Overreach Pushed Britain Out

How EU Overreach Pushed Britain Out. Martin Feldstein, June 18, 2016, Opinion. “A thoughtful British friend of mine said to me a few days before the United Kingdom’s “Brexit” referendum that he would vote for Remain because of his concern about the economic uncertainty that would follow if the UK left the European Union. But he added that he would not have favored Britain’s decision to join the EU back in 1973 had he known then how the EU would evolve.Link

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“Get your swabs out of my face!” Links between Institutional Context and Public Support for New Technologies

“Get your swabs out of my face!” Links between Institutional Context and Public Support for New Technologies. Jennifer Hochschild, June 6, 2016, Paper. “While not dispositive, public opinion may be especially influential for elected officials on issues about which they have no prior record, views, or expertise. Views on medical and forensic biobanks, therefore, may be important for policy development. Comparison of views between them enable a test of our theory that differing levels of  institutionalization are crucial in shaping public responses to technology; the overall population and politically salient groups have much stronger reactions, both positive and negative, to technologies that are deeply embedded in institutional context than to those with few institutional roots. The evidence comes from a new national survey of about 4000 Americans, with parallel items on medical and forensic DNA databases and almost 4000 open-ended comments explaining respondents’ stances on biobanking.Link

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The Informal Economy: Recent Trends, Future Directions

The Informal Economy: Recent Trends, Future Directions. Martha Chen, June 1, 2016, Paper. “Informal employment represents more than half of nonagricultural employment in most developing regions, contributes to the overall economy, and provides pathways to reduction of poverty and inequality. Support to the informal economy should include the expansion of occupational health and safety to include informal workers, based on an analysis of their work places and work risks. The paper presents main schools of thought and argues for a holistic understanding of the different segments of the informal work force and for policies and interventions tailored to the needs and constraints of these different segments. The paper recommends a policy approach which seeks to extend social protection, including occupational health and safety services, to informal workers, and to increase the productivity of informal enterprises and informal workers through an enabling environment and support services.Link

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Billionaires against Big Business: Growing Tensions in the Republican Party Coalition

Billionaires against Big Business: Growing Tensions in the Republican Party Coalition. Theda Skocpol, April 8, 2016, Paper. “As the Republican Party has shifted further to the right, policy battles have broken out between business associations and conservative groups. We use data from Congressional scorecards issued between 2007 and 2014 to analyze areas of policy divergence and convergence between two major organized players in the GOP coalition: the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and the increasingly comprehensive and assertive political network orchestrated by libertarian multibillionaires Charles and David Koch. We show that policy splits have widened and pinpoint the issue areas where free-market advocacy by the Koch network converges with or differs from the business-friendly menu of policies promoted by the U.S. Chamber. Our findings inform research on ideological polarization and associated shifts in party coalitions. They also illuminate the political reverberations of rising economic inequality, making it clear that the goals and strategies of very wealthy individuals may not be fully aligned with those pursued by business associations.Link

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Economic Development: Using Analytical Frameworks for Policy Design

Economic Development: Using Analytical Frameworks for Policy Design. Asim Khwaja, Rohini Pande, 2016, Syllabus. “This is a semester-long course that provides analytical frameworks to aid the design and implementation of development policy. The course will start by examining different diagnostic approaches for policy design and then provide a deep-dive analysis into diagnostics and policy design in the areas of education, finance, industrial policy, environment and climate change and governance.Link

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Have we Entered an Age of Secular Stagnation? IMF Fourteenth Annual Research Conference in Honor of Stanley Fischer, Washington, DC

Have we Entered an Age of Secular Stagnation? IMF Fourteenth Annual Research Conference in Honor of Stanley Fischer, Washington, DC. Lawrence Summers, April 2015, Paper. “Since the depths of the financial crisis in 2008-2009, most financial indicators have stabilized. However, the real parts of the economies in the industrialized world continue to lag. In this 2013 speech, I suggested that an older idea of ‘secular stagnation’ may help explain the disappointing recent economic performance. I am very glad for the opportunity to be here. I had an occasion to speak some years ago about Stan’s remarkable accomplishments at the IMF…”  Link

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The State of Sustainability in China

The State of Sustainability in China. Robert Eccles, October 21, 2014, Paper. “China has experienced remarkable economic growth since the reforms of Deng Xiaoping in the late 1970s. This growth has come at a significant environmental and social cost, raising the question of whether the country needs to focus more on sustainable development than on economic growth for its own sake. Moreover, there is growing recognition in China that more attention needs to be paid to achieving environmental and social as well as economic goals. This recognition has come in the form of changes in public policy…” Link

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Resisting the Iron Cage: The Effects of Bureaucratic Reforms to Promote Equity

Resisting the Iron Cage: The Effects of Bureaucratic Reforms to Promote Equity. Frank Dobbin, September 2014, Paper. “Organization scholars since Max Weber have argued that formal personnel systems can prevent discrimination. Studies show both positive and negative effects. We draw on sociological and psychological literatures to develop a nuanced theory of the effects of bureaucracy. Drawing on self-perception and contact theories, we contend that initiatives that engage managers in promoting diversity, such as special recruitment and training programs, will increase diversity…” Link

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