Found 19 article(s) for author 'Nathan Nunn'

Understanding the long-run effects of Africa’s slave trades

Understanding the long-run effects of Africa’s slave trades. Nathan Nunn, February 27, 2017, Paper, “Evidence suggests that Africa’s slave trades played an important part in the shaping of the continent not only in terms of economic outcomes, but cultural and social outcomes as well. This column, taken from a recently published VoxEU eBook, summarises studies that reveal the lasting toxic effects of Africa’s four waves of slave trades on contemporary development.Link

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Africa’s Development in Historical Perspective

Africa’s Development in Historical Perspective. Robert H. Bates, Nathan Nunn, James Robinson, August 2014, Book. “This edited volume addresses the root causes of Africa’s persistent poverty through an investigation of its longue durée history. It interrogates the African past through disease and demography, institutions and governance, African economies and the impact of the export slave trade, colonialism, Africa in the world economy, and culture’s influence on accumulation and investment. Several of the chapters take a comparative perspective, placing Africa’s developments aside other global patterns…” May require purchase or user account. Link

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The Economics of Fair Trade

The Economics of Fair Trade, Nathan Nunn, Summer 2014, Paper. “Fair Trade is a labeling initiative aimed at improving the lives of the poor in developing countries by offering better terms to producers and helping them to organize. Whether Fair Trade can achieve its intended goals has been hotly debated in academic and policy circles. In particular, debates have been waged about whether Fair Trade makes “economic sense” and is sustainable in the long run. The aim of this article is to provide a critical overview of the economic theory behind Fair Trade, describing…” Link

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The Impacts of Fair Trade Certification: Evidence From Coffee Producers in Costa Rica

The Impacts of Fair Trade Certification: Evidence From Coffee Producers in Costa Rica. Nathan Nunn, February 28, 2014, Paper. “We estimate the effects of Fair Trade (FT) certification on coffee producers in Costa Rica. We begin by examining a panel of all coffee producers between 1999 and 2010. We find that FT certification is associated with higher export prices equal to approximately 5 cents per pound. We find no evidence that certification is associated with more sales (either domestic or for export) or with higher domestic prices…” Link

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Historical Development

Historical Development. Nathan Nunn, June 2013, Book Chapter. “This chapter surveys a growing body of evidence showing the impacts that historical events can have on current economic development. Over the past two decades historical persistence has been documented in a wide variety of time periods and locations, and over remarkably long time horizons. Although progress continues to be made identifying and understanding underlying mechanisms, the existing evidence suggests that cultural traits and formal institutions are both key in understanding historical persistence…” Link

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On the Origins of Gender Roles: Women and the Plough

On the Origins of Gender Roles: Women and the Plough. Alberto Alesina, Nathan Nunn, May 2013, Paper. “The study examines the historical origins of existing cross-cultural differences in beliefs and values regarding the appropriate role of women in society. We test the hypothesis that traditional agricultural practices influenced the historical gender division of labor and the evolution of gender norms. We find that, consistent with existing hypotheses, the descendants of societies that traditionally practiced plough agriculture today have less equal gender norms, measured using…” Link Verified October 18, 2014

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Domestic Institutions as a Source of Comparative Advantage

Domestic Institutions as a Source of Comparative Advantage. Nathan Nunn, February 2013 , Paper. “Domestic institutions can have profound effects on international trade. This chapter reviews the theoretical and empirical underpinnings of this insight. Particular attention is paid to contracting institutions and to comparative advantage, where the bulk of the research has been concentrated. We also consider the reverse causation running from comparative advantage to domestic institutions…” May require purchase or user account. Link Verified October 18, 2014

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Commercial Imperialism? Political Influence and Trade During the Cold War

Commercial Imperialism? Political Influence and Trade During the Cold War. Nathan Nunn, 2013, Paper. “Our presumption is that the US had greater influence over foreign leaders that were installed and backed by the CIA. We show that following successful CIA interventions there was an increase in foreign-country imports from the US, but there was no similar increase in foreign-country exports to the US. Further, the increase in US exports was concentrated in industries which the US had a comparative disadvantage in producing, not a comparative advantage. This is consistent with US influence being used to create a larger foreign market…” Link

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Incomplete contracts and the boundaries of the multinational firm

Incomplete contracts and the boundaries of the multinational firm. Nathan Nunn, October 2012, Paper. “Using data on U.S. intra-firm and arm’s-length imports for 5,705 products imported from 220 countries, we examine the determinants of the share of U.S. imports that are intra-firm. We examine two predictions that arise from Antràs (2003), Antràs & Helpman (2008) and Antràs & Helpman (2004). First, we find that, consistent with the implicit logic of Antràs (2003) and the explicit predictions of Antràs & Helpman (2008), vertical integration is increasing in the importance of non-contractible headquarter inputs…” Link

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Ruggedness: The Blessing of Bad Geography in Africa

Ruggedness: The Blessing of Bad Geography in Africa. Nathan Nunn, 2012, Paper. “We show that geography, through its impact on history, can have important effects on current economic development. The analysis focuses on the historic interaction between ruggedness and Africa’s slave trades. Although rugged terrain hinders trade and most productive activities, negatively affecting income globally, within Africa rugged terrain afforded protection to those being raided during the slave trades. Since the slave trades retarded subsequent economic development, within Africa ruggedness has also had a historic indirect positive effect on income…” Link

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