Found 300 article(s) for author 'Innovation'

The Board’s New Innovation Imperative

The Board’s New Innovation Imperative. Linda A. Hill, October/November 2017, Opinion, “As firms scramble for competitive advantage, boards—once the cautious voices urging management to mitigate risk—are now calling for breakthrough innovation. Indeed, avoiding risk is now seen as the riskiest proposition of all. In speaking with CEOs and board members from a range of industries, the authors identified four common obstacles most boards face in governing innovation: an outdated risk agenda, insufficient time, lack of expertise, and a relationship with management that needs retuning. Embracing innovation and its inherent risks requires that boards and senior management develop new ways of working together. To bolster out-of-the-box thinking at their companies, boards should promote diversity among members. They should foster “creative abrasion” to keep ideas flowing and rethink traditional methods of governing. And they must learn to embrace and encourage risk.Link

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Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy: International Economy Issues

Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy: International Economy Issues. Gita Gopinath, October 10, 2017, Paper, “In this paper I make the following ten remarks on the topics of exchange rate policy, capital flow management, protectionism, and global cooperation: 1) The gains to exchange rate flexibility are worse than you think; 2) The ‘Trilemma’ lives on; 3) The U.S. dollar exchange rate drives global trade prices and volumes; 4) Gross capital flows matter as much as net flows, and global banks have internationalized U.S. monetary policy. 5) Emerging markets tilt away from foreign currency to local currency debt reduces their exposure to global risk factors; 6) Low interest rate environments can lead to misallocation of resources and lower productivity; 7) The relationship between global imbalances, reserve accumulation, and currency manipulation is not well identified. 8) Uniform border taxes are not neutral; 9) Trade is not the main driver of earnings inequality, but at the same time policy has failed to address its redistributive consequences. 10) Global coordination of financial regulation is essential alongside country level macroprudential polices. Reserve accumulation and currency swap lines do not substitute for the lender of last resort role of the IMF.” Link

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Green Industrial Policy: Accelerating Structural Change towards Wealthy Green Economies

Green Industrial Policy: Accelerating Structural Change towards Wealthy Green Economies. Dani Rodrik, 2017, Paper, “There are two major reasons for governments and societies to accelerate structural change in their economies and proactively shape its direction. First, there is the challenge of creating wealth. Structural change, that is, the reallocation of capital and labour from low- to high-productivity activities, is a key driver of productivity growth and higher incomes. This is particularly important for developing countries where incomes are low and poverty is pervasive. According to the latest available estimates, 767 million people lived on less than $1.90 a day, and 1.9 billion people in the developing world still had less than US $ 3.10 a day in 20131 – a clear indication that the current structural composition of national economies does not provide a sufficient number of productive jobs.Link

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Should You Agitate, Innovate, or Orchestrate?

Should You Agitate, Innovate, or Orchestrate? Julie Battilana, September 18, 2017, Opinion, “When Marie Trellu-Kane observed increased fragmentation across social and economic lines in France, and increasing youth unemployment, she could not help but respond. In 1994, along with Lisbeth Shepherd and Anne-Claire Pache, she cofounded Unis-Cité, a nonprofit that launched France’s first youth service program, modeled after City Year in the United States. Still the president of Unis-Cité in 2017, Trellu-Kane recalled, “We were 23 [years old] at the time, so we created the organization that we wished would have existed to satisfy our own desires to act on the problems of exclusion and inequality.Link

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Why Competiition in the Politics Industry is Failing America

Why Competiition in the Politics Industry is Failing America. Michael Porter, September 2017, Book, “Many Americans are disgusted and concerned about the dysfunction and abysmal results from Washington, D.C., and so are we. However, this paper is not about adding to the depressing national dialog about politics, but about how to change the system by taking action that will work.Link

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Managing Our Hub Economy

Managing Our Hub Economy. Marco Iansiti, Karim Lakhani, September/October 2017, Opinion, “The global economy is coalescing around a few digital superpowers. We see unmistakable evidence that a winner-take-all world is emerging in which a small number of “hub firms”—including Alibaba, Alphabet/Google, Amazon, Apple, Baidu, Facebook, Microsoft, and Tencent—occupy central positions. While creating real value for users, these companies are also capturing a disproportionate and expanding share of the value, and that’s shaping our collective economic future. The very same technologies that promised to democratize business are now threatening to make it more monopolistic.Link

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Investors as Stewards of the Commons?

Investors as Stewards of the Commons? George Serafeim, August 8, 2017, Paper, “Over the past few years, there has been a significant increase in the number of initiatives seeking to mobilize investor voice towards positive social impact. In this paper, I provide a framework outlining the role of investors as stewards of the commons. While companies are increasingly addressing environmental and social issues that also improve their economic value, for some of these issues individual company action is costly. At the same time, for a further subset of those issues, company action coupled with collaboration between companies is value enhancing. However, collaboration between companies is notoriously difficult and fragile requiring commitment mechanisms.Link

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Walmart Tries to Make Better Savers out of the Unbanked

Walmart Tries to Make Better Savers out of the Unbanked. Brigitte Madrian, July 7, 2017, Audio, “Jamie Aronton doesn’t have a bank account. Instead, she uses Money Mart, a check cashing spot in Pittsburgh, to direct deposit her salary onto prepaid debit cards. She makes $12-an-hour in a housekeeping job and said that by the time her deposits come through her cards are pretty tapped out.Link

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