Found 13 article(s) for author 'Immigration'

The Earnings of Undocumented Immigrants

The Earnings of Undocumented Immigrants. George Borjas, March 2017, Paper, “Over 11 million undocumented persons reside in the United States, and there has been a heated debate over the impact of legislative or executive efforts to regularize the status of this population. This paper examines the determinants of earnings for undocumented workers. Using newly developed methods that impute undocumented status for foreign-born persons sampled in microdata surveys, the study documents a number of findings. First, the age-earnings profile of undocumented workers lies far below that of legal immigrants and of native workers, and is almost perfectly flat during the prime working years.Link

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Digital Labor Markets and Global Talent Flows

Digital Labor Markets and Global Talent Flows. William Kerr, Christopher Stanton, October 2016, Paper, “We review the rapid development of digital labor markets that connect companies and contractors on a global basis. We describe the environment in which these markets have taken root, the micro- and macro-level studies of their operations, their ongoing evolution and recent trends, and also perspectives for undertaking research with micro-data from these labor platforms. Digital labor markets are an exciting frontier for global talent flows and growing rapidly in importance.Link

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The Labor Market Consequences of Refugee Supply Shocks

The Labor Market Consequences of Refugee Supply Shocks. George Borjas, September 2016, Paper, “The continuing inflow of hundreds of thousands of refugees into many European countries has ignited much political controversy and raised questions that require a fuller understanding of the determinants and consequences of refugee supply shocks. This paper revisits four historical refugee shocks to document their labor market impact. Specifically, we examine: The influx of Marielitos into Miami in 1980; the influx of French repatriates and Algerian nationals into France at the end of the Algerian Independence War in 1962; the influx of Jewish émigrés into Israel after the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s; and the exodus of refugees from the former Yugoslavia during the long series of Balkan wars between 1991 and 2001.Link

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Low-Skill Immigration

Low-Skill Immigration. George Borjas, 2016, Book Chapter. “Do low-skill immigrants harm the employment opportunities of low-skill native workers? And do low-skill immigrants “pay their way” in the welfare state, or are they a fiscal burden to native taxpayers? These questions regarding the consequences of low-skill immigration lie at the core of the contentious immigration debate in the United States today.Link

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The Labor Supply of Undocumented Immigrants

The Labor Supply of Undocumented Immigrants. George Borjas, March 2016, Paper. “The Department of Homeland Security estimates that 11.4 million undocumented persons reside in the United States. Congress and President Obama are considering a number of proposals to regularize the status of the undocumented population and provide a “path to citizenship.” Any future change in the immigration status of this group is bound to have significant effects on the labor market, on the number of persons that qualify for various government-provided benefits, on the timing of retirement, on the size of the population receiving Social Security benefits, and on the funding of almost all of these government programs. This paper provides a comprehensive empirical study of the labor supply behavior of undocumented immigrants in the United States.Link

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The New Economic Case for Migration Restrictions: An Assessment

The New Economic Case for Migration Restrictions: An Assessment. Lant Pritchett, February 2016, Paper. “For decades, migration economics has stressed the effects of migration restrictions on income distribution in the host country. Recently the literature has taken a new direction by estimating the costs of migration restrictions to global economic efficiency. In contrast, a new strand of research posits that migration restrictions could be not only desirably redistributive, but in fact globally efficient. This is the new economic case for migration restrictions.Link

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Social Networks, Ethnicity, and Entrepreneurship

Social Networks, Ethnicity, and Entrepreneurship. William Kerr, July 11, 2015, Paper. “We study the relationship between ethnicity, occupational choice, and entrepreneurship. Immigrant groups in the United States tend to cluster in very specific business sectors. For example, Koreans are 40 times more likely than other immigrants to operate dry cleaning shops, and Gujarati-speaking Indians are 70 times more likely to manage motels. We develop a model of social interactions where relationships facilitate the acquisition of sector-specific skills. The resulting scale economies generate occupational…Link

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Immigrant Entrepreneurship

Immigrant Entrepreneurship. William R. Kerr, December 2014, Paper. “This chapter examines immigrant entrepreneurship and the survival and growth of immigrant-founded businesses over time relative to native-founded companies. We quantify immigrant contributions to new firm creation in a wide variety of fields and using multiple definitions. While significant research effort has gone into understanding the economic impact of immigration into the United States, comprehensive data for quantifying immigrant entrepreneurship are difficult to assemble…” Link

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Firms and the Economics of Skilled Immigration

Firms and the Economics of Skilled Immigration. William R. Kerr, April 2014, Paper. “Firms play a central role in the selection, sponsorship, and employment of skilled immigrants entering the United States for work through programs like the H-1B visa. This role has not been widely recognized in the literature, and the data to better understand it have only recently become available. This paper discusses the evidence that has been assembled to date in understanding the impact of high-skilled immigration from the perspective of the firm and the open areas that call for more research…” Link Verified October 12, 2014

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Heterogeneous Technology Diffusion and Ricardian Trade Patterns

Heterogeneous Technology Diffusion and Ricardian Trade Patterns. William R. Kerr, November 2013, Paper. “This study tests the importance of Ricardian technology differences for international trade. The empirical analysis has three comparative advantages: including emerging and advanced economies, isolating panel variation regarding the link between productivity and exports, and exploiting heterogeneous technology diffusion from immigrant communities in the United States for identification…” Link

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