Found 7 article(s) for author 'Health'

Social determinants of health and the International Monetary Fund

Social determinants of health and the International Monetary Fund. S V Subramanian, June 9, 2017, Paper, “Education is considered an important social determinant of health (1, 2). Higher levels of educational attainment appear to be health-enhancing for those who have them (3), and provide intergenerational health benefits for their children (4) as well as their parents (5). Increased knowledge and skills leading to higher wages, as well as psychosocial advantages, such as social standing and control beliefs, are posited as mechanisms that link higher education and improved health (1, 2).Link

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Health and Taxes

Health and Taxes. David Cutler, October 25, 2016, Paper, “Viewing health care through the lens of a social issue prompts such questions as: What policies would best improve the population’s health? How can report cards be used to improve the quality of surgery? Where are there opportunities for additional disease prevention? The questions here are intricate and detailed. Some of the issues are clinical, and advice from physicians is actively sought and welcomed. For example, no one would develop a pay-for-performance system for surgeons without extensive involvement of the relevant surgical societies.Link

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The Association Between Income and Life Expectancy in the United States, 2001-2014

The Association Between Income and Life Expectancy in the United States, 2001-2014. Raj Chetty, April 10, 2016, Paper. “Importance: The relationship between income and life expectancy is well established but remains poorly understood.  Objectives” To measure the level, time trend, and geographic variability in the association between income and life expectancy and to identify factors related to small area variation.  Design and Setting: Income data for the US population were obtained from 1.4 billion deidentified tax records between 1999 and 2014. Mortality data were obtained from Social Security Administration death records. These data were used to estimate race- and ethnicity-adjusted life expectancy at 40 years of age by household income percentile, sex, and geographic area, and to evaluate factors associated with differences in life expectancy.Link

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Economic Conditions and Mortality: Evidence from 200 Years of Data

Economic Conditions and Mortality: Evidence from 200 Years of Data. David Cutler, March 29, 2016, Paper. “Using historical mortality data covering over 100 birth cohorts in 32 countries, this paper examines the short- and long- term effects of economic conditions on mortality. We confirm two seemingly contradictory patterns documented before. Poor economic conditions while growing up (from birth to age 25) significantly raise adult mortality. Yet contemporary downturns appear to decrease mortality. In addition we document some new findings. Poor economic conditions in adolescence have the largest adverse effect on adult mortality.Link

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Global Social Protection: Setting the Agenda

Global Social Protection: Setting the Agenda. Jocelyn Viterna, 2015, Paper, “In todays’ world, more than 220 million people live in a country that is not their own. Many people live transnational lives but the social contract between citizen and state is national. How are people on the move protected and provided for in this new global context? Have institutional sources of social welfare begun to cross borders to meet the needs of transnational individuals? This paper proposes a new Global Social Protection (GSP) research agenda, summarizing what we know and what we need to do moving forward. What protections exist for migrants, how are the organized across borders, who can access them and who gets left out? .Link

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The ‘dark side’ of social capital: trust and self-rated health in European countries

The ‘dark side’ of social capital: trust and self-rated health in European countries. S.V. Subramanian, Ichiro Kawachi, May 27, 2015, Paper. “Generalized interpersonal trust (as an indicator of social capital) has been linked to health status at both the individual and ecological level. We sought to examine how changes in contextual and individual trust are associated with changes in self-rated health in the European Social Surveys 2002–12. Methods: A multilevel analysis using a variance components model was performed on 203 452 individuals nested within 145 country cohorts covering 35 countries. Conditional on...” Link

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Waste, Recycling and Entrepreneurship in Central and Northern Europe, 1870–1940

Waste, Recycling and Entrepreneurship in Central and Northern Europe, 1870–1940. Geoffery G. Jones, March 4, 2014, Paper. “This working paper examines the role of entrepreneurs in the municipal solid waste industry in industrialized central and northern Europe from the late nineteenth century to the 1940s. It explores the emergence of numerous German, Danish, and other European entrepreneurial firms explicitly devoted to making a profitable business out of conserving and returning valuable resources to productive use…” Link Verified October 11, 2014

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