Found 7 article(s) for author 'Government and Politics'

Fiscal Risk and the Portfolio of Government Programs

Fiscal Risk and the Portfolio of Government Programs. Samuel G. Hanson, David S. Scharfstein, Adi Sunderam, June 2014, Paper. “This paper proposes a new approach to social cost-benefit analysis using a model in which a benevolent government chooses risky projects in the presence of market failures and tax distortions. The government internalizes market failures and therefore perceives project payoffs differently than do individual private actors. This gives it a “social risk management” motive—projects that generate social benefits are attractive, particularly if those benefits are realized in bad economic states…” Link Verified October 11, 2014

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Income Inequality and Social Preferences for Redistribution and Compensation Differentials

Income Inequality and Social Preferences for Redistribution and Compensation Differentials. William R. Kerr, 2014, Paper. “In cross-sectional studies, countries with greater income inequality typically exhibit less support for government-led redistribution and greater acceptance of wage inequality (e.g., United States versus Western Europe). If individual nations evolve along this pattern, a vicious cycle could form with reduced social concern amplifying primal increases in inequality due to forces like skill-biased technical change. Exploring movements around these long-term levels, however, this study finds…” Link

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Industrial Policy and the Creation of New Industries: Evidence from Brazil’s Bioethanol Industry

Industrial Policy and the Creation of New Industries: Evidence from Brazil’s Bioethanol Industry. Tarun Khanna, 2014, Paper. “Industrial policy programs are frequently used by governments to stimulate economic activity in particular sectors of the economy. This study explores how an industrial policy program can affect the creation and evolution of an industry and, ultimately, the long-term performance of firms. We examine the history of the Brazilian bioethanol industry…” May require purchase or user account. Link Verified October 12, 2014

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Land Politics and Local State Capacities: The Political Economy of Urban Change in China

Land Politics and Local State Capacities: The Political Economy of Urban Change in China. Meg Elizabeth Rithmire, December 2013, Paper. “Despite common national institutions and incentives to remake urban landscapes to anchor growth, generate land-lease revenues, and display a capacious administration, Chinese urban governments exhibit varying levels of control over land. This article uses a paired comparison of Dalian and Harbin in China’s Northeast to link differences in local political economies to land politics. Dalian, benefitting from early access to foreign capital…” Link verified October 7, 2014

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The Private Company Council

The Private Company Council. Karthik Ramanna, Luis M. Viceira, January 2013, Case. “Financial Accounting Foundation chairman Jack Brennan is under pressure from private-company interests to set up a new body—the Private Company Council—to determine separate GAAP for private companies. PCC advocates—including the US Chamber of Commerce—argue that traditional US GAAP has too many disclosure and fair-value requirements that impose very high compliance costs on private companies. But there are influential players—including the Big Four auditors—who oppose creating the PCC. They argue that the compliance costs of traditional…”  May require purchase or user account. Link verified March 28, 2014

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The Basque Country: Strategy for Economic Development

The Basque Country: Strategy for Economic Development. Michael E. Porter, Christian H.M. Ketels, January 2013, Case. “The Basque country, with a population of 2.1 million and covering 7,233 square kilometers, is an autonomous region located in the north of Spain, physically separated from it by the Pyrenees Mountains. Presents the history of the region—highly prosperous at the turn of the 20th century, but nearing bankruptcy by the 1950s. By 2001, the Basque GDP per capita had risen to a level well ahead of Spain and most European countries…” May require purchase or user account. Link Verified October 12, 2014

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Spanning the Institutional Abyss: The Intergovernmental Network and the Governance of Foreign Direct Investment

Spanning the Institutional Abyss: The Intergovernmental Network and the Governance of Foreign Direct Investment. Juan Alcacer, January 2013, Paper. “Global economic transactions such as foreign direct investment must extend over an institutional abyss between the jurisdiction, and therefore protection, of the states involved. Intergovernmental organizations (IGOs), whose members are states, represent an important attempt to span this abyss. IGOs are mandated variously to smooth economic transactions, facilitate global cooperation, and…” May require purchase or user account. Link Verified October 12, 2014

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