Found 38 article(s) for author 'Globalization'

Corporate Social Responsibility and the Global Compact

Corporate Social Responsibility and the Global Compact. John Ruggie, 2017, Book Chapter, “Under the leadership of Secretary-General Kofi Annan, the United Nations has played an active role in promoting corporate social responsibility as one means to respond to the challenges of globalisation.’You do not need to wait for governments to pass…Link

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The G20’s Misguided Globalism

The G20’s Misguided Globalism. Dani Rodrik, July 6, 2017, Opinion, “This year’s G20 summit in Hamburg promises to be among the more interesting in recent years. For one thing, US President Donald Trump, who treats multilateralism and international cooperation with cherished disdain, will be attending for the first time. Trump comes to Hamburg having already walked out of one of the key commitments from last year’s summit – to join the Paris climate agreement “as soon as possible.” And he will not have much enthusiasm for these meetings’ habitual exhortation to foreswear protectionism or provide greater assistance to refugees.Link

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Populism and the Economics of Globalization

Populism and the Economics of Globalization. Dani Rodrik, June 2017, Paper, “Populism may seem like it has come out of nowhere, but it has been on the rise for a while. I argue that economic history and economic theory both provide ample grounds for anticipating that advanced stages of economic globalization would produce a political backlash. While the backlash may have been predictable, the specific form it took was less so. I distinguish between left-wing and right-wing variants of populism, which differ with respect to the societal cleavages that populist politicians highlight. The first has been predominant in Latin America, and the second in Europe. I argue that these different reactions are related to the relative salience of different types of globalization shocks.Link

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Financial Systems, Economic Growth, and Globalization in the Era of the Cold War

Financial Systems, Economic Growth, and Globalization in the Era of the Cold War. Niall Ferguson, 2017, Book Chapter, “Financial historians have long been interested in the relationship between financial innovation and economic growth (eg, Rousseau and Sylla 2003). From the rise of the Dutch Republic to the golden age of the pax americana, banks, capital markets, and other…Link

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The State of the World with Rawi Abdelal

The State of the World with Rawi Abdelal. Rawi Abdelal, February 24, 2017, Audio, “At this moment of great geopolitical change, Davis Center Director Rawi Abdelal looks at the fate of globalization through the lenses of great power transitions, national borders, and economic inequality. Rawi Abdelal is the Herbert F. Johnson Professor of International Management at Harvard Business School and the Director of Harvard’s Davis Center for Russian and Eurasian Studies. His work focuses on international political economy and the politics of globalization and political economy of Eurasia.Link

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Linking the Growth of Globalisation with the Evolution of Transport Technology

Linking the Growth of Globalisation with the Evolution of Transport Technology. Tom Nicholas, January 29, 2017, Paper, “We examine the golden age of U.S. innovation by undertaking a major data collection exercise linking historical U.S. patents to state and county-level aggregates and matching inventors to Federal Censuses between 1880 and 1940. We identify a causal relationship between patented inventions and long-run economic growth and outline a basic framework for analyzing key macro and micro-level determinants. We find a positive relationship between innovation and drivers of regional performance including population density, financial development and geographic connectedness. We also explore the impact of social structure measured by slavery and religion.Link

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Gita Gopinath’s Advice To RBI: ‘Be More Transparent’

Gita Gopinath’s Advice To RBI: ‘Be More Transparent’. Gita Gopinath, January 6, 2017, Video, “On NDTV’s Walk The Talk, Economics Professor at Harvard University and Financial Advisor to the Kerala Chief Minister Gita Gopinath says she’s a bit puzzled about why an institution like the RBI which is driven by data was giving out data post demonetisation. She adds RBI should have been more transparent about data. She says she feels that notes ban was a great move by the government and will benefit India in the long run, however she feels the implementation could have been better planned and gradual. She says “getting rid of 86% of the currency in circulation is unprecedented, not just in practice but also in theory”.Link

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The Charmed Life of Superstar Exporters: Survey Evidence on Firms and Trade Policy

The Charmed Life of Superstar Exporters: Survey Evidence on Firms and Trade Policy. Dustin Tingley, January 2017, Paper, “What factors determine firms’ attitudes toward trade policy? This paper considers producers’ policy preferences and political behavior in light of two key patterns in modern international trade: industries that face import competition often have many exporters, and foreign sales are concentrated in the hands of a small number of “superstar” exporters. Using a new survey of Costa Rican firms matched to systematic firm-level data on export behavior, we find that firm features are generally more important predictors of attitudes toward trade liberalization than industry-wide comparative advantage. We also show that export intensity is strongly associated with interest and lobbying activity on trade policy. The largest exporters, who are the strongest supporters of global integration, dominate trade politics.Link

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Globalization and Wage Inequality

Globalization and Wage Inequality. Elhanan Helpman, December 9, 2016, Paper, “Globalization has been blamed for rising inequality in rich and poor countries. Yet the views of many protagonists in this debate are not based on evidence. To help form an evidence-based opinion, I review in this paper the theoretical and empirical literature on the relationship between globalization and wage inequality. While the initial analysis that started in the early 1990s focused on a particular mechanism that links trade to wages, subsequent studies have considered several other channels, and the quantitative assessment of the size of these influences has been carried out in multiple studies. Building on this research, I conclude that trade played an appreciable role in increasing wage inequality, but that its cumulative effect has been modest, and that globalization does not explain the preponderance of the rise in wage inequality within countries.Link

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