Found 5 article(s) for author 'Firms'

The Fall of the Labor Share and the Rise of Superstar Firms

The Fall of the Labor Share and the Rise of Superstar Firms. Lawrence Katz, May 2017, Opinion, “The fall of labor’s share of GDP in the United States and many other countries in recent decades is well documented but its causes remain uncertain. Existing empirical assessments of trends in labor’s share typically have relied on industry or macro data, obscuring heterogeneity among firms. In this paper, we analyze micro panel data from the U.S. Economic Census since 1982 and international sources and document empirical patterns to assess a new interpretation of the fall in the labor share based on the rise of “superstar firms.” If globalization or technological changes advantage the most productive firms in each industry, product market concentration will rise as industries become increasingly dominated by superstar firms with high profits and a low share of labor in firm value-added and sales. As the importance of superstar firms increases, the aggregate labor share will tend to fall.Link

Tags: , ,

Lessons from Schumpeterian Growth Theory

Lessons from Schumpeterian Growth Theory. Philippe Aghion, May 2015, Paper. “By operationalizing the notion of creative destruction, Schumpeterian growth theory generates distinctive predictions on important microeconomic aspects of the growth process (competition, firm dynamics, firm size distribution, cross-firm and cross-sector reallocation) which can be confronted using rich micro data. In this process the theory helps reconcile growth with industrial organization and development economics.” Link

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Why Do Firms Have “Purpose”? The Firm’s Role as a Carrier of Identity and Reputation

Why Do Firms Have “Purpose”? The Firm’s Role as a Carrier of Identity and Reputation. Rebecca Henderson, Eric Van den Steen, May 2015 , Paper. “This article develops a theory in which a firm’s adoption of a prosocial purpose can increase profitability by strengthening employees’ reputation and identity–leading to higher effort and lower wages–as long as implementing purpose is costly with respect to direct monetary payoffs. Employees who value prosocial action will select into firms with a social purpose, which then become a visible carrier for these employees’ identity and reputation.” Link

Tags: , , , , , , , , , ,

Firms and the Economics of Skilled Immigration

Firms and the Economics of Skilled Immigration. William R. Kerr, April 2014, Paper. “Firms play a central role in the selection, sponsorship, and employment of skilled immigrants entering the United States for work through programs like the H-1B visa. This role has not been widely recognized in the literature, and the data to better understand it have only recently become available. This paper discusses the evidence that has been assembled to date in understanding the impact of high-skilled immigration from the perspective of the firm and the open areas that call for more research…” Link Verified October 12, 2014

Tags: , , , , , , , ,

Credit Constraints and the Cyclicality of R&D Investment: Evidence from France

Credit Constraints and the Cyclicality of R&D Investment: Evidence from France. Philippe Aghion, April 28, 2008, Paper. “We use a French firm-level data set containing 13,000 firms over the period 1993-2004 to analyze the relationship between credit constraints and firms’ R&D behavior over the business cycle. Our main results can be summarized as follows: (i) the share of R&D investment over total investment is countercyclical without credit constraints, but it becomes less countercyclical as firms face tighter credit constraints…” Link Verified October 29, 2014

Tags: , , , ,