Found 1216 article(s) for author 'Economic Growth'

Corporate Social Responsibility and the Global Compact

Corporate Social Responsibility and the Global Compact. John Ruggie, 2017, Book Chapter, “Under the leadership of Secretary-General Kofi Annan, the United Nations has played an active role in promoting corporate social responsibility as one means to respond to the challenges of globalisation.’You do not need to wait for governments to pass…Link

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The Slow Recovery in Output after 2009

The Slow Recovery in Output after 2009. James Stock, 2017, Paper, “The U.S. economy has been expanding slowly since the recession trough in 2009. Though unemployment has declined at about the same rate as in previous recoveries, output has grown much more slowly than in the past. We explore explanations for the shortfall in output growth, using a quantitative decomposition based on growth economics. Two components of the decomposition stand out: slow growth in productivity, and a growing shortfall of labor-force participation relative to its demographic determinants. The slow growth in both components predated the recession. Our analysis gives a full treatment to cyclical effects.Link

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Nowcasting the Local Economy: Using Yelp Data to Measure Economic Activity at Scale

Nowcasting the Local Economy: Using Yelp Data to Measure Economic Activity at Scale. Edward Glaeser, Michael Luca, 2017, Paper, “Can new data sources from online platforms help to measure local economic activity at scale? Government datasets from agencies such as the U.S. Census Bureau have long been the gold standard for measuring economic activity at the local level. However, these statistics typically appear only after multi-year lags, and the public-facing versions are aggregated to the county or ZIP code level. In contrast, crowdsourced data from online platforms such as Yelp are often contemporaneous and geographically finer than official government statistics. In this paper, we present evidence that Yelp data can complement government surveys by measuring economic activity in close to real time, at a granular level.Link

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Venture Capital Data: Opportunities and Challenges

Venture Capital Data: Opportunities and Challenges. Josh Lerner, 2017, Book Chapter, “Start-ups and other entrepreneurial ventures make a significant contribution to the US economy, particularly in the tech sector, where they comprise some of the largest and most influential companies. Yet for every high-profile, high-growth company like Apple, Facebook, Microsoft, and Google, many more fail. This enormous heterogeneity poses conceptual and measurement challenges for economists concerned with understanding their precise impact on economic growth.Link

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The Fed’s Next Big Set of Challenges

The Fed’s Next Big Set of Challenges. Lawrence Summers, August 25, 2017, Opinion, “I will not be attending Jackson Hole this year but I will be thinking about some of the issues under discussion. As I have written recently, I think the period going forward will be more challenging for central banks than the preceding few years. I will sleep best at night if Janet Yellen is reappointed.Link

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More Frequent Sales Quotas Help Volume but Hurt Profits

More Frequent Sales Quotas Help Volume but Hurt Profits. Das Narayandas, August 20, 2017, Opinion, “Firms often struggle with finding the best way to motivate their sales force. How much of a sales rep’s compensation should consist of a fixed salary and how much should be based on commission? What’s the effectiveness of bonuses and other incentives? In a recent study, we focused on sales quotas. More specifically, what should be the appropriate frequency of quotas—daily or monthly?Link

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Trump’s CEOs Resigned. His Cabinet Should do the Same

Trump’s CEOs Resigned. His Cabinet Should do the Same. Lawrence Summers, August 17, 2017, Opinion, “President Trump, recognizing the inevitable, has disbanded his business advisory councils to preempt the tidal wave of resignations that was in the offing. Given my long-standing views about chief executives lending legitimacy to the Trump administration, I was delighted that a group of CEOs forced this step.Link

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Production and Welfare: Progress in Economic Measurement

Production and Welfare: Progress in Economic Measurement. Dale Jorgenson, 2017, Paper, “While the GDP was intended by its originators as a measure of production, the absence of a measure of welfare in the national accounts has led to widespread misuse of the GDP to proxy welfare. Measures of welfare are needed to appraise the outcomes of changes in economic policies and evaluate the results. Concepts that describe the income distribution, such as poverty and inequality, fall within the scope of welfare rather than production. This paper reviews recent advances in the measurement of production and welfare within the national accounts, primarily in the United States and the international organizations. Expanding the framework beyond the national accounts has led to important innovations in the measurement of both production and welfare.Link

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The Mexican Paradox

The Mexican Paradox. Dani Rodrik, August 10, 2017, Opinion, “After a series of macroeconomic crises in the mid-1990s, Mexico undertook bold reforms, from liberalizing its economic policies to investing in education. But, while these efforts brought some benefits, they failed to spur significant productivity and economic growth.Link

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Rising Medical Costs Mean More Rough Times Ahead

Rising Medical Costs Mean More Rough Times Ahead. David Cutler, August 8, 2017, Opinion, “Medical costs are rising again, after recent years of historic lows. As the figure shows, growth rates of real per person medical spending in the past 3 years have averaged 3.4% annually, up from 0.9% in 2011 to 2013. Although the current growth rate is low in a historical context, it exceeds the economy’s growth as a whole. Thus, health costs are expected to reappear on the radar screen of governments, businesses, and households.Link

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