Found 1216 article(s) for author 'Economic Growth'

Policymaking for Posterity

Policymaking for Posterity. Lawrence Summer, Richard Zeckhauser, September 2008, Paper. “Policymaking for posterity involves current decisions with distant consequences. Contrary to conventional prescriptions, we conclude that the greater wealth of future generations may strengthen the case for preserving environmental amenities; lower discount rates should be applied to the far future, and special effort should be made to avoid actions that impose costs on future generations. — Posterity brings great uncertainties. Even massive losses, such as human extinction, however, do not merit infinite negative utility. Given learning…” Link

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Assessing the Importance of Financial Literacy

Assessing the Importance of Financial Literacy. Shawn Cole, September 2008, Paper. “Financial decisions can be difficult. Comparing savings or borrowing options with different interest rates and term structures can be difficult for those without financial savvy—and even a knowledgeable individual may need to rely on calculators or spreadsheets to make truly informed decisions. Yet, many households are not knowledgeable, and often receive little assistance when making these decisions. Moreover, unlike the decision to visit a restaurant or purchase a particular car, customers may not receive useful feedback on the value…Link

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Shackled to the Past: The Causes and Consequences of Africa’s Slave Trades

Shackled to the Past: The Causes and Consequences of Africa’s Slave Trades. Nathan Nunn, August 2008, Book Chapter.“This chapter uses statistical techniques to assess whether there is evidence that Africa’s slave trades had a detrimental impact on long-term economic development. This is done by first constructing estimates of the number of slaves taken from each region of Africa between 1400 and 1900. The estimates are constructed by combining data on the number of slaves shipped from African ports with data from historical records reporting the ethnic identities of slaves taken from Africa…” Link

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The Greenness of Cities: Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Urban Development

The Greenness of Cities: Carbon Dioxide Emissions and Urban Development. Edward Glaeser, August 2008, Paper. “Carbon dioxide emissions may create significant social harm because of global warming, yet American urban development tends to be in low density areas with very hot summers. In this paper, we attempt to quantify the carbon dioxide emissions associated with new construction in different locations across the country. We look at emissions from driving, public transit, home heating, and household electricity usage. We find that the lowest emissions areas are generally in California and that the highest emissions…” Link

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Housing Supply and Housing Bubbles

Housing Supply and Housing Bubbles. Edward Glaeser, July 16, 2008, Paper. “Like many other assets, housing prices are quite volatile relative to observable changes in fundamentals. If we are going to understand boom-bust housing cycles, we must incorporate housing supply. In this paper, we present a simple model of housing bubbles that predicts that places with more elastic housing supply have fewer and shorter bubbles, with smaller price increases. However, the welfare consequences of bubbles may actually be higher in more elastic places because those places will overbuild more in response to a bubble…” Link

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Productivity Growth and Countercyclical Budgetary Policy: What Do We Learn from OECD Panel Data?

Productivity Growth and Countercyclical Budgetary Policy: What Do We Learn from OECD Panel Data? Philippe Aghion, June 2008, Paper. “A common view among macroeconomists is that there is a decoupling between macroeconomic policy (e.g., budget deficit, taxation, money supply), which should primarily affect price and income stability and long-run economic growth, which, if anything, should depend only upon structural characteristics of the economy (property right enforcement, market structure, market mobility, and so forth). That macroeconomic policy should not be a key determinant of growth…” Link

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Taxation, Efficiency, and Economic Growth

Taxation, Efficiency, and Economic Growth. Dale Jorgenson, Mun Ho, May 9, 2008, Book Chapter. “In this paper we model U.S. labor supply and demand over the next 25 years. Despite the anticipated aging of the population, moderate population growth will provide growing supplies of labor well into the 21st century. Improvements in labor quality due to greater education and experience will also continue for some time, but will eventually disappear. Productivity growth for the U.S. economy will be below long-term historical averages, but labor-using technical change will be a stimulus to the growth of labor demand. Year to-year changes in economic...” Link

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Final Recommendations of the International Panel on ASGISA

Final Recommendations of the International Panel on ASGISA, Ricardo Hausmann, May 2008, Paper, As part of the Accelerated and Shared Growth Initiative (ASGI-SA), the National Treasury of the Republic of South Africa convened an international panel of economists through Harvard’s Center for International Development. This panel spent two years analyzing the South African economy and its growth prospects, and composed 20 papers spanning all aspects of economic policy. The present paper synthesizes this body of work. We summarize the panel’s assessment of the binding constraints to growth in South Africa and provide specific policy recommendations to help achieve the goal of accelerated and shared growth. Link

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Reconfiguring Industrial Policy: A Framework with an Application to South Africa

Reconfiguring Industrial Policy: A Framework with an Application to South Africa. Ricardo Hausmann, Dani Rodrik, May 2008. “The main purpose of industrial policy is to speed up the process of structural change towards higher productivity activities. This paper builds on our earlier writings to present an overall design for the conduct of industrial policy in a low- to middle-income country. It is stimulated by the specific problems faced by South Africa and by our discussions with business and government officials in that country. We present specific recommendations for the South African government in the penultimate section of the paper.” Link

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