Found 10 article(s) for author 'Developing Countries'

Urban Economics for the Developing World: An Introduction

Urban Economics for the Developing World: An Introduction. Edward Glaeser, 2017, Paper, “This is an introduction to the special issue of the Journal of Urban Economics on “Urbanization in Developing Countries: Past and Present”. We argue that the rapid urbanization and the rise of cities in the developing world demand new avenues of research and much more research to deal with the urban issues facing billions of people across the world that current work barely covers. This issue contains papers which move in that direction and signals a commitment by the journal to pursue this agenda.LInk

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Harvard Hosts Forum on Feeding the Planet During Climate Change

Harvard Hosts Forum on Feeding the Planet During Climate Change. Calestous Juma, December 19, 2016, Video, “A forum on “The Future of Food, Feeding the Planet During Climate Change” took place at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, and was presented jointly with the Public Radio International program, “The World,” and WGBH on Tuesday, December 13.Link

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Developing Countries and International Organizations: Introduction to the Special Issue

Developing Countries and International Organizations: Introduction to the Special Issue. Eric Werker, April 30, 2016, Paper. “We describe four megatrends since the end of the Cold War that relate to developing countries: a greater share of the global economy; more accessible technologies, particularly in communication; breakthroughs in global cooperation in tackling basic human needs; and the evolution of a complex set of problems in spite of the progress. We then examine potential political economy channels that might hinder the ability of international organizations to adapt to the new realities. Introducing the articles to the special issue, we argue for four distinct variables that affect the behavior and character of international organizations: power, norms, preferences, and problems.Link

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Is Liberal Democracy Feasible in Developing Countries?

Is Liberal Democracy Feasible in Developing Countries? Dani Rodrik, March 9, 2016, Paper. “Liberal democracy has been difficult to institute and sustain in developing countries. This has to do both with ideational factors—the absence of a liberal tradition prior to electoral mobilization—and structural conditions—the prevalence of mass mobilization along identity rather than class cleavages. This paper considers the conditions under which liberal democracy emerges and speculates about its future in developing countries.Link

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Nominal GDP Targeting for Developing Countries

Nominal GDP Targeting for Developing Countries. Jeffrey Frankel, 2015, Paper. “Interest in nominal GDP (NGDP) targeting has come in the context of large advanced economies. Developing countries are better suited for it, however, in light of big supply shocks and terms of trade shocks, such as monsoon rains and oil import price shocks in the case of India. Under annual inflation targeting (IT), the full impact of adverse supply shocks is felt as lost real GDP. NGDP targeting automatically accommodates such shocks, while retaining the advantage of anchoring expectations. We derive the condition under which NGDP targeting would dominate other regimes such as annual IT, to achieve objectives of output and price stability. We estimate key parameters for the case of India and conclude that the condition may indeed hold.Link

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Which Countries’ Citizens Are Better Off With Trade?

Which Countries’ Citizens Are Better Off With Trade? Stephen Kosack, 2015, Paper. “We attempt to reconcile competing arguments regarding international trade’s implications for citizen well-being: that trade either erodes citizen welfare by decreasing the incentives and resources for welfare improvements or leads to higher welfare by increasing those incentives and resources. We find that which of these two dynamics a country experiences depends on its level of human capital. In countries already well-endowed with human capital, greater international trade reinforces further improvements in welfare. But in most countries, the workforce has not yet…Link

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Overcoming Barriers to Microinsurance Adoption: Evidence from the Field

Overcoming Barriers to Microinsurance Adoption: Evidence from the Field. Shawn Cole, June 3, 2015, Paper, “This paper provides an overview of the academic literature on microinsurance adoption in emerging markets, with a particular emphasis on randomised control trials. I discuss what we know, what we can reasonably hope to know using the extensive work on microcredit as a comparator, and what the available evidence implies for public policy. Particular attention is paid to the case for a greater role for the government in supporting the development of microinsurance.Link

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Entrepreneurial Finance Lab: Scaling an Innovative Start-up Financing Venture

Entrepreneurial Finance Lab: Scaling an Innovative Start-up Financing Venture. William R. Kerr, Joan Farre-Mensa, January 2014, Case. “EFL provides credit-scoring services in developing countries using psychometric assessment, but the potential loss of a large customer makes them reconsider their scaling narrative…” May require purchase or user account. Link Verified October 11, 2014

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Land Acquisition in India: Public Purpose and Private Property

Land Acquisition in India: Public Purpose and Private Property. Laura Alfaro, Lakshmi Iyer, December 2013, Case. May require purchase or user account. Link verified August 21, 2014

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Entrepreneurs, Firms and Global Wealth since 1850

Entrepreneurs, Firms and Global Wealth since 1850. Geoffery G. Jones, March 12, 2013, Paper. “We live today in a world where most people are poor and some are very rich, and the category in which you find yourself is largely determined not by your job, your age or your gender but by your location. Despite the fast economic growth of China and India over the past two decades, most people in the world today are very poor. Nearly 3 billion people live on less than $2 a day; almost 1 billion are illiterate…” Link Verified October 11, 2014

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