Found 50 article(s) for author 'Cass Sunstein'

Regulation that asks the Right Questions

Regulation that asks the Right Questions. Cass Sunstein, July 2015, Opinion. “The OIRA administrator is often described as the nation’s “regulatory Czar.” That is a wild overstatement. The president leads the executive branch, and the United States has no Czars (really). But the term does give a clue to the influence and range of the office. OIRA is the cockpit of the regulatory state. The office oversees federal regulations involving clean air and water, food safety, financial stability, national security, health care, energy, agriculture, workplace safety, sex and race discrimination, highway safety, immigration, education, crime…Link

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Nudges, Agency, and Abstraction: A Reply to Critics

Nudges, Agency, and Abstraction: A Reply to Critics. Cass Sunstein, May 21, 2015, Paper. “This essay has three general themes. The first involves the claim that nudging threatens human agency. My basic response is that human agency is fully retained (because nudges do not compromise freedom of choice) and that agency is always exercised in the context of some kind of choice architecture. The second theme involves the importance of having a sufficiently capacious sense of the category of nudges, and a full appreciation of the differences among them. Some nudges either enlist or combat behavioral biases but others do not…” Link

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Endless options can be exhausting. We need to know when choice matters

Endless options can be exhausting. We need to know when choice matters. Cass Sunstein, March 28, 2015, Opinion. “All over the world, taxis have installed credit card touchscreens, which makes three possible tips visible and simple for customers to select with a quick “touch”. In New York City, the suggested amounts are usually 20%, 25% or 30%. People are free to give a larger tip, a smaller tip or no tip at all, but it is easiest just to touch one of the three conspicuous options. What are the effects of the suggested numbers? The economists Kareem Haggag and Giovanni Paci compiled data on more than 13m New York taxi rides. They found that the touchscreen has led to a significant increase in tips – by an average of more than 10%...” Link

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Regulating Internalities

Regulating Internalities. Cass Sunstein, February 2015, Paper. “This paper offers a framework for regulating internalities. Using a simple economic model, we provide four principles for designing and evaluating behaviorally-motivated policy. We then outline rules for determining which contexts reliably reflect true preferences and discuss empirical strategies for measuring internalities. As a case study, we focus on energy efficiency policy, including Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards and appliance and lighting energy efficiency standards.Link

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Financial Regulation and Cost-Benefit Analysis

Financial Regulation and Cost-Benefit Analysis. Cass Sunstein, January 22, 2015, Paper. “Cost-benefit analysis is best understood as a way for agencies to ensure that their decisions are informed—that they are based on knowledge about likely consequences, rather than on dogmas, intuitions, hunches, or interest-group pressures. But when agencies lack that knowledge, and cannot obtain it, cost benefit analysis runs into an evident objection. It is tempting to think that financial regulation in particular should not be subjected to cost-benefit analysis, because the problem of insufficient knowledge is pervasive in…” Link

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Behavioural Economics, Consumption and Environmental Protection

Behavioural Economics, Consumption and Environmental Protection. Cass Sunstein, 2015, Book Chapter. “In this chapter, one of the founding fathers of behavioral economics, Cass R. Sunstein, explains how behavioral economics, consumption and the environment can cooperate for the purpose of sustainable consumption. For a long time behavioral economists have shown that consumers may disregard the long term, display unrealistic optimism, ignore shrouded attributes, procrastinate, make mistaken judgments about probability, and suffer from ‘internalities’ that occur when people make decisions…Link

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Nudging: A Very Short Guide

Nudging: A Very Short Guide, Cass Sunstein, November 2014, Paper. “This brief essay offers a general introduction to the idea of nudging, along with a list of ten of the most important “nudges.” It also provides a short discussion of the question whether to create some kind of separate “behavioral insights unit,” capable of conducting its own research, or instead to rely on existing institutions…” Link

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Choosing Not to Choose

Choosing Not to Choose. Cass Sunstein, October 2014, Article. “Choice can be an extraordinary benefit or an immense burden. In some contexts, people choose not to choose, or would do so if they were asked. In part because of limitations of “bandwidth,” and in part because of awareness of their own lack of information and potential biases, people sometimes want other people to choose for them. For example, many people prefer not to make choices about their health or retirement plans; they want to delegate those choices to a private or public institution that they trust…” Link

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How to Deregulate Cities and States

How to Deregulate Cities and States. Edward Glaeser, Cass Sunstein, August 24, 2014, Opinion. “A lot of attention has been devoted in recent years to overregulation at the national level. For many people, though, the regulations that hit hardest come from states and localities. The story of Uber’s fight with overzealous local regulators is only a well-publicized tip of the iceberg. A 2012 study conducted by the Institute for Justice finds that 102 trades and occupations now face licensing requirements in states or cities. The people who suffer most from them are those without a lot of money or advanced education…” Link

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How to Deregulate Cities and States; Cost-benefit analysis and ‘lookbacks’ could lift the unnecessary burdens of occupational licensing.

How to Deregulate Cities and States; Cost-benefit analysis and ‘lookbacks’ could lift the unnecessary burdens of occupational licensing. Edward Glaeser, Cass Sunstein, August 24, 2014, Opinion. “To engage in the gentle arts of design, hair cutting, beauty treatment and tree trimming, should people really be required to run some kind of regulatory gauntlet? A widely overlooked part of Paul Ryan’s antipoverty plan draws attention to the problem of occupational licensing, and it rightly calls on states and local governments “to begin to dismantle these barriers to upward mobility…” Link

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